Search results: 31,490 results (approx.)

1. Effect of metal and metal oxide engineered nano particles on nitrogen bio-conversion and its mechanism: a review.

Metal and metal oxide engineered nano particles (MMO-ENPs) are widely applied in various industries due to their unique properties. Thus, many researches focused on the influence on nitrogen transformation processes by MMO-ENPs. This review focuses on the effect of MMO-ENPs on nitrogen fixation,...

Author(s) : Chen YinGuang; Zhang XiaoYang; Liu WeiGuo

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Chemosphere 2022 Vol.287 No.Part 1 ref.121

2. Eucalyptus leaf diseases associated with Neofusicoccum spp. in North Africa.

This study represents the first survey reporting the occurrence of Neofusicoccum species associated with Eucalyptus foliar diseases in semi-arid areas in North African countries. Based on morphological features and phylogenetic analyses of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA...

Author(s) : Abouzkhar, F. A.; Yangui, I.; Messaoud, C.; Ben Jamâa, M. L.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Arid Environments 2022 Vol.197 ref.60

3. Occurrence of Alternaria arborescens causing leaf Spot on Pereskia aculeata in Brazil.

Pereskia aculeata, commonly known as ora-pro-nobis, is a is a highly nutritive species used for human consumption with potential of expansion. However, leaf lesions that did not match the symptoms and signs of previously described pathogenic species to this culture were observed in an ora-pro-nobis ...

Author(s) : Hahn, M. H.; Claus, A.; Koch, G.; Gelain, J.; Duarte, H. S. S.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Crop Protection 2022 Vol.151

4. Inhibition efficacy of Tetradium glabrifolium fruit essential oil against Phytophthora capsici and potential mechanism.

Phytophthora capsici is a notorious pathogen capable of infecting various host plants and causing serious threats to agriculture worldwide. Tetradium glabrifolium fruit essential oil (TFO) is widely utilized in traditional Chinese medicine treatment, but its antimicrobial activity is unknown. In...

Author(s) : Wang Bi; Li PiRui; Yang JingJing; Yong XuHong; Yin Min; Chen Yu; Feng Xu; Wang QiZhi

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Industrial Crops and Products 2022 Vol.176 ref.40

5. Emergence of bacterial soft rot in Calla lily caused by Pectobacterium aroidearum in China.

Bacterial soft rot is a destructive disease affecting calla lily production, and it is mainly caused by Pectobacterium carotovorum (Pc). In 2019, this destructive disease was observed in the Shandong and Jiangsu Provinces of China and resulted in serious economic losses for commercial greenhouse...

Author(s) : Li Lei; Yuan LiFang; Zhao YuRong; Shi YanXia; Chai Ali; Xie XueWen; Li BaoJu

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Crop Protection 2022 Vol.152 ref.23

6. Exposing cryptic epitopes on the Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus E1 glycoprotein prior to treatment with alphavirus cross-reactive monoclonal antibody allows blockage of replication early in infection.

Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV), western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV) and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) can cause fatal encephalitis in humans and equids. Some MAbs to the E1 glycoprotein are known to be cross-reactive, weakly neutralizing in vitro but can protect from...

Author(s) : Calvert, A. E.; Bennett, S. L.; Hunt, A. R.; Fong, R. H.; Doranz, B. J.; Roehrig, J. T.; Blair, C. D.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virology 2022 Vol.565 pp.13-21 ref.53

7. Antiparasitic potential of ethanolic extracts of Carpesii Fructus against Miamiensis avidus in hirame natural embryo cell line and their effects on immune response- and biotransformation-related genes.

Scuticociliatosis, caused by Miamiensis avidus, is a severe parasitic disease affecting marine organisms, particularly Paralichthys olivaceus. The aim of this study was to assess the antiparasitic potential of ethanolic extracts of Carpesii Fructus (EECF), the dried fruit of Carpesium abrotanoides...

Author(s) : Woo SooJi; Jeong MinGyeong; Jeon EunJi; Do MiYoung; Kim NaYoung

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. C, Toxicology & Pharmacology 2022 Vol.251

8. A novel high-throughput sequencing approach reveals the presence of a new virus infecting Rosa: rosa ilarvirus-1 (RIV-1).

Roses are one of the most valuable ornamental flowering shrubs grown worldwide. Despite the widespread of rose viruses and their impact on cultivation, they have not been studied in detail in the United Kingdom (UK) since the 1980's. As part of a survey of rose viruses entering the UK, 35 samples...

Author(s) : Vazquez-Iglesias, I.; McGreig, S.; Pufal, H.; Robinson, R.; Clover, G. R. G.; Fox, A.; Boonham, N.; Adams, I. P.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Virological Methods 2022 Vol.300

9. Efficacy of pterostilbene suppression of postharvest gray mold in table grapes and potential mechanisms.

Botrytis cinerea is an economically devastating necrotrophic fungus that is responsible for gray mold infection of table grapes. Fungicides application remains the most common approach in its control. However, in consideration of food and environmental safety, safe and eco-friendly alternatives are ...

Author(s) : Xu DanDan; Qiao Fang; Xi PingGen; Lin ZeMian; Jiang ZiDe; Romanazzi, G.; Gao LingWang

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Postharvest Biology and Technology 2022 Vol.183 ref.39

10. Morphological and molecular identification of fungi for their association with postharvest fruit rots in some selected Citrus species.

Purpose: The availability of fresh Citrus fruits is limited by their susceptibility to invasion by microbial pathogens which leads to cause serious postharvest losses. The present study was carried out to isolate and morphologically identify postharvest fungal associations from selected Citrus...

Author(s) : Jayasekara, A.; Daranagama, A.; Kodituwakku, T. D.; Abeywickrama, K.

Publisher : Sabaragamuwa University, Belihuloya, Sri Lanka

Journal article : Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Sri Lanka) 2022 Vol.17 No.1 pp.79-93 ref.many

11. The use of rhizobium and mycorrhizae in soil containing rhizobiophage to improve growth and nodulation of cowpea.

The interaction between leguminous plants and rhizosphere microorganisms is essential because it can either enhance or inhibit the beneficial effects of individual species. Phages are one of the biotic factors with a negative impact on the beneficial bacteria in soil rhizosphere. In the current...

Author(s) : Allam, Y.; Amin, G.; Fattah, G. A.; Abeer Hashem; Egamberdieva, D.; Abd-Allah, E. F.; El-Didamony, G.

Publisher : Universidade de Sao Paulo, Campus "Luiz de Queiroz" (ESALQ), Piracicaba, Brazil

Journal article : Scientia Agricola 2022 Vol.79 No.6 ref.36

12. Characterization of Exserohilum turcicum infection sites in maize genotypes.

Northern leaf blight caused by Exserohilum turcicumis an important disease of maize (Zea mays L.), and its severity depends more closely on growth lesions than on spot number. Here, we characterized the infection sites of E. turcicum on resistant and susceptible maize genotypes by analyzing the...

Author(s) : Stangarlin, J. R.; Tartaro, E. L.; Pascholati, É. F.

Publisher : Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, Mossoró, Brazil

Journal article : Revista Caatinga 2022 Vol.35 No.1 pp.1-13 ref.32

13. Enhanced biodegradation of chlorpyrifos by Bacillus cereus CP6 and Klebsiella pneumoniae CP19 from municipal waste water.

Chlorpyrifos is one of the widely used pesticides induced genotoxicity, and neurotoxicity to mammals, fishes and other non-target organisms. In the current investigation pesticide degrading strains Bacillus cereus CP6 and Klebsiella pneumoniae CP19 were isolated from the municipal soil sediment...

Author(s) : Elshikh, M. S.; Alarjani, K. M.; Huessien, D. S.; Elnahas, H. A. M.; Esther, A. R.

Publisher : Elsevier Inc, Orlando, USA

Journal article : Environmental Research 2022 Vol.205 ref.33

14. Kirschsteiniothelia thailandica sp. nov. (Kirschsteiniotheliaceae) from Thailand.

A Kirschsteiniothelia species was found on decayed twigs of Ficus microcarpa collected at the Garden of Medicinal Plants in Chiang Rai, Thailand. Phylogenetic analyses of combined ITS, LSU and SSU sequence data showed the new isolate was phylogenetically distinct from other known species of ...

Author(s) : Sun YaRu; Jayawardena, R. S.; Hyde, K. D.; Wang Yong

Publisher : Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand

Journal article : Phytotaxa 2021 Vol.490 No.2 pp.172-182 ref.42

15. Morphological and phylogenetical analyses of pathogenic Hypomyces perniciosus isolates from Agaricus bisporus causing wet bubble disease in china.

Hypomyces perniciosus is a destructive pathogen of Agaricus bisporus. The disease has been known to occur wherever A. bisporus is cultivated. Morphological characteristics have shown differences between reported isolates of H. perniciosus. However, clarification is needed to determine whether those ...

Author(s) : Zhang ChunLan; Jin ZhengWen; Sun Can; Moodley, O.; Xu JiZe; Li Yu

Publisher : Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand

Journal article : Phytotaxa 2021 Vol.491 No.2 pp.115-130 ref.31

16. A new species of Podosphaera sect. Sphaerotheca subsect. Sphaerotheca from India-first report of powdery mildew causing wilting and ultimately death of leaves of Filipendula vestita.

Podosphaera filipendulensis, a new teleomorph of powdery mildew was discovered on living leaves of Filipendula vestita (Rosaceae). It is the first species of powdery mildew that causes wilting and ultimately death of apical infected leaves of F. vestita. It is described, illustrated and compared...

Author(s) : Sanjay Yadav; Verma, S. K.; Raghvendra Singh

Publisher : Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand

Journal article : Phytotaxa 2021 Vol.491 No.2 pp.131-142 ref.39

17. Colletotrichum dracaenigenum, a new species on Dracaena fragrans.

During an investigation into the microfungi on Dracaena fragrans in Thailand, a saprobic taxon belonging to Glomerellaceae was collected. Based on morphological characterization and combined phylogenetic analyses of ITS, GAPDH, CHS-1, ACT and TUB2 sequence data from the sexual and asexual morphs...

Author(s) : Chaiwan, N.; Tibpromma, S.; Jayawardena, R. S.; Mapook, A.; Wanasinghe, D. N.; Mortimer, P. E.; Lumyong, S.; Hyde, K. D.

Publisher : Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand

Journal article : Phytotaxa 2021 Vol.491 No.2 pp.143-157 ref.many

18. Description of two new Cymbella (Bacillariophyta) species from Sakarbaşı spring, Turkey.

The descriptions of the new species Cymbella balkiisp. nov. and C. yerliisp. nov. were given in this study. The species were found in a karstic limnocrene spring which is one of the most important sources of Sakarya River. Cymbella balkiisp. nov. is very similar to C. pervarians, C. simonsenii, C....

Author(s) : Solak, C. N.; Balkis-Ozdelice, N.; Yilmaz, E.; Durmus, T.; Blanco, S.

Publisher : Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand

Journal article : Phytotaxa 2021 Vol.484 No.2 pp.195-206

19. Morphology and phylogeny of two novel species within the class Dothideomycetes collected from soil in Korea.

Two fungal strains (KNU-JJ-1827 and KNU-JJ-1829) belonging to the class Dothideomycetes were discovered from Jeju Island, Korea during this investigation of soil microfungi. Strain KNU-JJ-1827 showed fewer conidial septations, larger conidiogenous cells, and smaller conidia compared to the...

Author(s) : Das, K.; Lee Seungyeol; Jung Heeyoung

Publisher : Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, UK

Journal article : Mycobiology 2021 Vol.49 No.1 pp.15-23 ref.27

20. Ultrastructural changes of the mitochondrion during the life cycle of Trypanosomabrucei.

The mitochondrion is crucial for ATP generation by oxidative phosphorylation, among other processes. Cristae are invaginations of the mitochondrial inner membrane that house nearly all the macromolecular complexes that perform oxidative phosphorylation. The unicellular parasite Trypanosoma brucei...

Author(s) : Bílý, T.; Sheikh, S.; Mallet, A.; Bastin, P.; Pérez-Morga, D.; Lukeš, J.; Hashimi, H.

Publisher : Wiley, Boston, USA

Journal article : Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 2021 Vol.68 No.3

21. Observation of Giardia sp. in the termite gut of Heterotermes tenuis.

Giardia comprises one genus with several morphologically distinct species described in mammals (including humans, marsupials, rodents), birds, and amphibians. This group of protists provokes diarrhoea diseases in humans and animals worldwide. Transmission of the parasite occurs through the...

Author(s) : Benchimol, M.; Souza, W. de

Publisher : Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany

Journal article : Parasitology Research 2021 Vol.120 No.3 pp.1131-1135 ref.28

22. Kirschsteiniothelia shimlaensis sp. nov. from Himachal Pradesh, India.

A new species, Kirschsteiniothelia shimlaensis collected on stumps of Cedrus deodara, is described and illustrated. It is characterized by mostly monotretic (rarely polytretic), terminal or intercalary, discrete or integrated conidiogenous cells with solitary conidia that are obovoid, oblong,...

Author(s) : Verma, R. K.; Prasher, I. B.; Sushma; Gautam, A. K.; Rajeshkumar, K. C.; Castañeda-Ruiz, R. F.

Publisher : Mycotaxon Ltd, Ithaca, USA

Journal article : Mycotaxon 2021 Vol.136 No.2 pp.401-407

23. Evaluation of gamma irradiation effect on morphological changes, macroscopic, microscopic characteristics and pigment production of Monascus purpureus.

Monascus pigments (MPs) possess a range of biological activities, such as antimicrobial and potential anti-obesity activities. A lot of Monascus strains are used to produce MPs. In this study, the effect of radiation on pigment production and morphological changes of the fungus was investigated....

Author(s) : Rizi, E. S.; Jahadi, M.; Zia, M.

Publisher : Wiley, Boston, USA

Journal article : Journal of Food Processing and Preservation 2021 Vol.46 No.1 ref.27

24. Effects of nitrogen from different sources on mycelial biomass and polysaccharide production and pellet morphology in submerged cultures of Grifola frondosa.

The effects of nitrogen in the medium on the production of mycelial biomass, extracellular polysaccharides (EPS), and intracellular polysaccharides (IPS) was investigated in submerged cultures of Grifola frondosa. In addition, the effects on pellet morphology were examined. The maximum production...

Author(s) : Wang YiCheng; Lin FangYi; Hsu TaiHao

Publisher : North Carolina State University, College of Natural Resources, Raleigh, USA

Journal article : BioResources 2021 Vol.16 No.2 pp.2937-2952 ref.many

25. First report of Diaporthe foeniculina associated with branch canker of avocado in Greece.

In the autumn of 2018, in an orchard in Alikianos district of Chania, Greece, approximately 8% of fifty 5- to 6-year-old avocado cv. Hass trees showed branch and twig cankers with brownish bark discoloration, resulting in twig dieback with brown leaves remaining attached to trees. The causal...

Author(s) : Mathioudakis, M. M.; Tziros, G. T.; Kavroulakis, N.

Publisher : American Phytopathological Society (APS Press), St. Paul, USA

Journal article : Plant Disease 2021 Vol.104 No.11 pp.3057-3058 ref.5