Search results: 339,957 results (approx.)

1. Advances in understanding plant root hairs in relation to nutrient acquisition and crop root function.

Author(s) : George, T. S.; Brown, L. K.; Bengough, A. G.

Publisher : Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited, Cambridge, UK

Book chapter : Understanding and improving crop root function 2021 pp.127-162 ref.many

2. PfKsgA1 functions as a transcription initiation factor and interacts with the N-terminal region of the mitochondrial RNA polymerase of Plasmodium falciparum.

The small mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) of the malaria parasite is known to transcribe its genes polycistonically, although promoter element(s) have not yet been identified. An unusually large Plasmodium falciparum candidate mitochondrial phage-like RNA polymerase (PfmtRNAP) with an extended...

Author(s) : Ankit Gupta; Deepti Shrivastava; Shakya, A. K.; Kirti Gupta; Pratap, JV. JV.; Saman Habib

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : International Journal for Parasitology 2021 Vol.51 No.1 pp.23-37

3. Biogenesis and maintenance of the apicoplast in model apicomplexan parasites.

The apicoplast is a non-photosynthetic relict plastid of Apicomplexa that evolved from a secondary symbiotic system. During its evolution, most of the genes derived from its alga ancestor were lost. Only genes involved in several valuable metabolic pathways, such as the synthesis of isoprenoid...

Author(s) : Zhang Ying; Wang ChunRen; Jia HongLin

Publisher : Elsevier Ireland Ltd, Shannon, Irish Republic

Journal article : Parasitology International 2021 Vol.81

4. Complete genome sequence of nisin-producing Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis N8.

We report here the genome sequence of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis N8, a nisin producer isolated in the 1960s from a dairy product in Finland. The genome consists of a 2.42-Mb chromosome and two plasmids of 80.3 and 71.3 kb.

Author(s) : Wan Xing; Takala, T. M.; Qiao MingQiang; Saris, P. E. J.

Publisher : American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA

Journal article : Microbiology Resource Announcements 2021 Vol.10 No.1 ref.20

5. Genome sequence of Bifidobacterium breve INIA P734 (CECT 8178), a strain isolated from human breast milk.

The draft genome sequence of Bifidobacterium breve INIA P734, a strain shared by mother and child, is reported. It consists of 50 contigs, with 2,391,925 bp, 2,099 genes, and a G1C content of 58.8%. The genome analysis revealed the absence of antibiotic resistance and pathogenicity-related genes.

Author(s) : Rodrigo-Torres, L.; Rodríguez, E.; Peirotén, Á.; Langa, S.; Medina, M.; Arahal, D. R.; Aznar, R.; Arqués, J. L.

Publisher : American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA

Journal article : Microbiology Resource Announcements 2021 Vol.10 No.1 ref.16

6. Complete genome sequence of Mycobacterium orygis strain 51145.

We report the complete 4,352,172-bp genome sequence of Mycobacterium orygis strain 51145 assembled into a single circular chromosome. Comparative genomic analyses with other lineages of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex can provide insights into the biology, evolution, and epidemiology of this ...

Author(s) : Rufai, S. B.; McIntosh, F.; Poojary, I.; Chothe, S.; Sebastian, A.; Albert, I.; Praul, C.; Manigandan Venkatesan; Mahata, G.; Hindol Maity; Premanshu Dandapat; Michael, J. S.; Katani, R.; Kapur, V.; Behr, M. A.

Publisher : American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA

Journal article : Microbiology Resource Announcements 2021 Vol.10 No.1 ref.11

7. The immunoglobulins of cartilaginous fishes.

Cartilaginous fishes, comprising the chimeras, sharks, skates, and rays, split from the common ancestor with other jawed vertebrates approx. 450 million years ago. Being the oldest extant taxonomic group to possess an immunoglobulin (Ig)-based adaptive immune system, examination of this group has...

Author(s) : Matz, H.; Munir, D.; Logue, J.; Dooley, H.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Developmental and Comparative Immunology 2021 Vol.115

8. Ixodes silvanus n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae), a new member of the subgenus Trichotoixodes Reznik, 1961 from northwestern Argentina.

Females, nymphs, and larvae of Ixodes silvanus n. sp. collected from birds and from the vegetation in northwestern Argentina (Yungas Phytogeographic Province) are described herein. The new species belongs to the subgenus Trichotoixodes (Acari: Ixodidae). The female is diagnosed by a combination of...

Author(s) : Saracho Bottero, M. N.; Beati, L.; Venzal, J. M.; Guardia, L.; Thompson, C. S.; Mangold, A. J.; Guglielmone, A. A.; Nava, S.

Publisher : Elsevier GmbH, Munich, Germany

Journal article : Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases 2021 Vol.12 No.1

9. Virome characterization of Cryphonectria parasitica isolates from Azerbaijan unveiled a new mymonavirus and a putative new RNA virus unrelated to described viral sequences.

Cryphonectria parasitica, the causal agent of chestnut blight is controlled in Europe through natural spread of Cryphonectria hypovirus 1 (CHV1), a mycovirus able to induce hypovirulence to the host. In recent years C. parasitica was reported infecting Azerbaijani population of chestnut, but the...

Author(s) : Forgia, M.; Isgandarli, E.; Aghayeva, D. N.; Huseynova, I.; Turina, M.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virology 2021 Vol.553 pp.51-61

10. Molecular identification of new circulating Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum from sheep and goats in Duhok Governorate, Iraq.

there was no such study done on identification of tick species by PCR technique in in Duhok Governorate, therefore present study was done to identify tick species by using molecular study by using of 16S rRNA and DNA sequencing. About 1000 ticks were collected from both sheep and goat, form Duhok...

Author(s) : Ismael, S. S.; Omer, L. T.

Publisher : College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq

Journal article : Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences 2021 Vol.35 No.1 pp.79-83 ref.20

11. Mapping and marker identification for sex-determining in the Pacific abalone, Haliotis discus hannai Ino.

Pacific abalone (Haliotis discus hannai Ino) is an economically important mollusk. It has a male heterogametic (XX/XY) sex determination system. However, little is currently known on the molecular basis of sex determination in the species. Therefore, we identified the sex-linked genomic segment and ...

Author(s) : Luo HanJiao; Xiao JunZhu; Jiang YongHua; Ke YiZhou; Ke CaiHuan; Cai MingYi

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Aquaculture 2021 Vol.530 ref.46

12. Screening and characterization of sex-linked DNA markers and marker-assisted selection in blue tilapia (Oreochromis aureus).

The blue tilapia (Oreochromis aureus) is an important cultured fish worldwide, and exhibits sexual size dimorphism in favor of males, and therefore, mono-sex breeding is of great value for aquaculture. However, the lack of accurate sex-linked markers for blue tilapia has hampered the mono-sex...

Author(s) : Wu Xin; Zhao Lin; Fan Zheng; Lu BaoYue; Chen JinLin; Tan DeJie; Jiang DongNeng; Tao WenJing; Wang DeShou

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Aquaculture 2021 Vol.530 ref.many

13. Evaluation for the effect of low-coverage sequencing on genomic selection in large yellow croaker.

Low-coverage whole-genome sequencing (WGS) is a cost-effective genotyping technique. Combined with the imputation method, it can generate large numbers of SNPs and provide an opportunity for genomic selection (GS) using whole-genome SNPs to estimate genomic breeding values (GEBVs). However, it is...

Author(s) : Zhang WenJing; Li WanBo; Liu GuiJia; Gu LinLin; Ye Kun; Zhang YongJie; Li Wei; Jiang Dan; Wang ZhiYong; Fang Ming

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Aquaculture 2021 Vol.534

14. The one hundred year journey of the genus Brucella (meyer and shaw 1920).

The genus Brucella, described by Meyer and Shaw in 1920, comprises bacterial pathogens of veterinary and public health relevance. For 36 years, the genus came to include three species that caused brucellosis in livestock and humans. In the second half of the 20th century, bacteriologists discovered ...

Author(s) : Moreno, E.

Publisher : Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK

Journal article : FEMS Microbiology Reviews 2021 Vol.45 No.1

15. Molecular characterisation of a novel pathogenic Avipoxvirus from an Australian passerine bird, mudlark (Grallina cyanoleuca).

Avipoxviruses have been recognised as significant pathogens in the conservation of numerous bird species. However, the vast majority of the avipoxviruses that infect wild birds remain uncharacterised. Here, we characterise a novel avipoxvirus, mudlarkpox virus (MLPV) isolated from an Australian...

Author(s) : Sarker, S.; Athukorala, A.; Raidal, S. R.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virology 2021 Vol.554 pp.66-74

16. Diverse cressdnaviruses and an anellovirus identified in the fecal samples of yellow-bellied marmots.

Over that last decade, coupling multiple strand displacement approaches with high throughput sequencing have resulted in the identification of genomes of diverse groups of small circular DNA viruses. Using a similar approach but with recovery of complete genomes by PCR, we identified a diverse...

Author(s) : Khalifeh, A.; Blumstein, D. T.; Fontenele, R. S.; Schmidlin, K.; Richet, C.; Kraberger, S.; Varsani, A.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virology 2021 Vol.554 pp.89-96

17. Synthesis of a pentasaccharide repeating unit of lipopolysaccharide derived from virulent E. coli o1 and identification of a glycotope candidate of avian pathogenic E. coli o1.

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is a common bacterial pathogen infecting chickens, resulting in economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. In particular, APEC O1, one of the most common serotypes of APEC, is considered problematic due to its zoonotic potential. Therefore, many...

Author(s) : Nishi, N.; Seki, K.; Takahashi, D.; Toshima, K.

Publisher : Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany

Journal article : Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2021 Vol.60 No.4 pp.1789-1796

18. Some new and known species of bomolochidae (Copepoda, Cyclopoida) parasitic on Japanese actinopterygian fishes, 2 - with the description of two new genera.

Five species of Bomolochidae parasitic on Japanese fishes are (re)described. They are Orbitacolax leptoscari Yamaguti, 1953, Paraorbitacolax sphyraenae gen. et sp. nov., Pseudoeucanthus rhabdosargi sp. nov., Pumiliopes scombri sp. nov., and Triceracolax pagri gen. et sp. nov.

Author(s) : Izawa, K.

Publisher : Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands

Journal article : Crustaceana 2021 Vol.94 No.1 pp.77-96

19. Biodiversity of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa: Conoidasida) in vertebrates: what we know, what we do not know, and what needs to be done.

Over the last two decades my colleagues and I have assembled the literature on a good percentage of most of the coccidians (Conoidasida) known, to date, to parasitise: Amphibia, four major lineages of Reptilia (Amphisbaenia, Chelonia, Crocodylia, Serpentes), and seven major orders in the Mammalia...

Author(s) : Duszynski, D. W.

Publisher : Institute of Parasitology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Ceské Budejovice, Czech Republic

Journal article : Folia Parasitologica 2021 Vol.68 No.001 ref.157

20. Genome-wide analysis of the synonymous codon usage pattern of Streptococcus suis.

Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is a gram-positive coccus that causes disease in humans and animals. The codon usage pattern of bacteria reveals a range of evolutionary changes that assist them to enhance tolerance to environments. To better understand the genetic features during the evolution of S....

Author(s) : Xu QuanMing; Chen Hong; Sun Wen; Zhu DeWen; Zhang YongYi; Chen JiLong; Chen Ye

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Microbial Pathogenesis 2021 Vol.150

21. Laboratory and microcosm experiments reveal contrasted adaptive responses to ammonia and water mineralisation in aquatic stages of the sibling species Anopheles gambiae (sensu stricto) and Anopheles coluzzii.

Background: The sibling species of the malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae (sensu stricto) and Anopheles coluzzii co-exist in many parts of West Africa and are thought to have recently diverged through a process of ecological speciation with gene flow. Divergent larval ecological adaptations,...

Author(s) : Akpodiete, N. O.; Tripet, F.

Publisher : BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK

Journal article : Parasites and Vectors 2021 Vol.14 No.17 ref.60

22. Atripes paspali gen. et sp. nov. (Magnaporthaceae) causing take-all disease on Paspalum guenoarum in Brazil.

In Brazil, Paspalum species are commonly used in sports lawns, landscape projects, and as forage for livestock. Paspalum guenoarum plants showing symptoms of take-all disease were observed in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The fungus Gaeumannomyces graminis is the only species reported...

Author(s) : Custódio, F. A.; Rosado, A. W. C.; Lanna Filho, R.; Martinelli, J. A.; Dall'Agnol, M.; Lopes, R. R.; Pereira, O. L.

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Plant Pathology 2021 Vol.70 No.1 pp.110-122

23. Genetic diversity of Salvia species from Turkey assessed by microsatellite markers.

Salvia is one of the most important medicinal plant genus in the Lamiaceae family. The genetic diversity of 85 genotypes belonging to 20 species from the native flora of the Hatay, province of south-central part of Turkey, was analyzed using six microsatellite markers. These markers (SoUZ022,...

Author(s) : Bahadirli, N. P.; Ayanoglu, F.

Publisher : Elsevier, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 2021 Vol.20

24. Characterization of Bacillus cereus sensu lato isolates from milk for consumption; phylogenetic identity, potential for spoilage and disease.

This study addresses the biodiversity of Bacillus cereus group population present along the value chain of milk for consumption. The B. cereus population did not grow and remained mainly unaltered during storage of milk at 4°C while storage at a suboptimal temperature at 8°C (representative of a...

Author(s) : Porcellato, D.; Skeie, S. B.; Mellegård, H.; Monshaugen, M.; Göransson Aanrud, S.; Lindstedt, B. A.; Aspholm, M.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Food Microbiology 2021 Vol.93 ref.50

25. Exploring the relationship of Homalosilpha and Mimosilpha (Blattodea, Blattidae, Blattinae) from a morphological and molecular perspective, including a description of four new species.

This study utilized six genes (12S, 16S, 18S, 28S, COII and H3) from a total of 40 samples to construct maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) phylogenetic trees in order to infer the relationships between the morphologically similar genera Homalosilpha Stål, 1874 and Mimosilpha...

Author(s) : Liao ShuRan; Wang YiShu; Jin DuTing; Chen Rong; Wang ZongQing; Che YanLi

Publisher : PeerJ, San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PeerJ 2021 Vol.9 No.10618 ref.44


The one hundred year journey of the genus Brucella (meyer and shaw 1920). The genus Brucella, described by Meyer and Shaw in 1920, comprises bacterial pathogens of veterinary and public health relevance. For 36 years, the genus came to include three species that caused brucellosis in livestock and humans. In the second half of the 20th century, bacteriologists discovered ...

Author(s) : Moreno, E.

Publisher : Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK

Journal article : FEMS Microbiology Reviews 2021 Vol.45 No.1

15. Molecular characterisation of a novel pathogenic Avipoxvirus from an Australian passerine bird, mudlark (Grallina cyanoleuca).

Avipoxviruses have been recognised as significant pathogens in the conservation of numerous bird species. However, the vast majority of the avipoxviruses that infect wild birds remain uncharacterised. Here, we characterise a novel avipoxvirus, mudlarkpox virus (MLPV) isolated from an Australian...

Author(s) : Sarker, S.; Athukorala, A.; Raidal, S. R.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virology 2021 Vol.554 pp.66-74

16. Diverse cressdnaviruses and an anellovirus identified in the fecal samples of yellow-bellied marmots.

Over that last decade, coupling multiple strand displacement approaches with high throughput sequencing have resulted in the identification of genomes of diverse groups of small circular DNA viruses. Using a similar approach but with recovery of complete genomes by PCR, we identified a diverse...

Author(s) : Khalifeh, A.; Blumstein, D. T.; Fontenele, R. S.; Schmidlin, K.; Richet, C.; Kraberger, S.; Varsani, A.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virology 2021 Vol.554 pp.89-96

17. Synthesis of a pentasaccharide repeating unit of lipopolysaccharide derived from virulent E. coli o1 and identification of a glycotope candidate of avian pathogenic E. coli o1.

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is a common bacterial pathogen infecting chickens, resulting in economic losses to the poultry industry worldwide. In particular, APEC O1, one of the most common serotypes of APEC, is considered problematic due to its zoonotic potential. Therefore, many...

Author(s) : Nishi, N.; Seki, K.; Takahashi, D.; Toshima, K.

Publisher : Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany

Journal article : Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2021 Vol.60 No.4 pp.1789-1796

18. Some new and known species of bomolochidae (Copepoda, Cyclopoida) parasitic on Japanese actinopterygian fishes, 2 - with the description of two new genera.

Five species of Bomolochidae parasitic on Japanese fishes are (re)described. They are Orbitacolax leptoscari Yamaguti, 1953, Paraorbitacolax sphyraenae gen. et sp. nov., Pseudoeucanthus rhabdosargi sp. nov., Pumiliopes scombri sp. nov., and Triceracolax pagri gen. et sp. nov.

Author(s) : Izawa, K.

Publisher : Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands

Journal article : Crustaceana 2021 Vol.94 No.1 pp.77-96

19. Biodiversity of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa: Conoidasida) in vertebrates: what we know, what we do not know, and what needs to be done.

Over the last two decades my colleagues and I have assembled the literature on a good percentage of most of the coccidians (Conoidasida) known, to date, to parasitise: Amphibia, four major lineages of Reptilia (Amphisbaenia, Chelonia, Crocodylia, Serpentes), and seven major orders in the Mammalia...

Author(s) : Duszynski, D. W.

Publisher : Institute of Parasitology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Ceské Budejovice, Czech Republic

Journal article : Folia Parasitologica 2021 Vol.68 No.001 ref.157

20. Genome-wide analysis of the synonymous codon usage pattern of Streptococcus suis.

Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is a gram-positive coccus that causes disease in humans and animals. The codon usage pattern of bacteria reveals a range of evolutionary changes that assist them to enhance tolerance to environments. To better understand the genetic features during the evolution of S....

Author(s) : Xu QuanMing; Chen Hong; Sun Wen; Zhu DeWen; Zhang YongYi; Chen JiLong; Chen Ye

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Microbial Pathogenesis 2021 Vol.150

21. Laboratory and microcosm experiments reveal contrasted adaptive responses to ammonia and water mineralisation in aquatic stages of the sibling species Anopheles gambiae (sensu stricto) and Anopheles coluzzii.

Background: The sibling species of the malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae (sensu stricto) and Anopheles coluzzii co-exist in many parts of West Africa and are thought to have recently diverged through a process of ecological speciation with gene flow. Divergent larval ecological adaptations,...

Author(s) : Akpodiete, N. O.; Tripet, F.

Publisher : BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK

Journal article : Parasites and Vectors 2021 Vol.14 No.17 ref.60

22. Atripes paspali gen. et sp. nov. (Magnaporthaceae) causing take-all disease on Paspalum guenoarum in Brazil.

In Brazil, Paspalum species are commonly used in sports lawns, landscape projects, and as forage for livestock. Paspalum guenoarum plants showing symptoms of take-all disease were observed in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The fungus Gaeumannomyces graminis is the only species reported...

Author(s) : Custódio, F. A.; Rosado, A. W. C.; Lanna Filho, R.; Martinelli, J. A.; Dall'Agnol, M.; Lopes, R. R.; Pereira, O. L.

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Plant Pathology 2021 Vol.70 No.1 pp.110-122

23. Genetic diversity of Salvia species from Turkey assessed by microsatellite markers.

Salvia is one of the most important medicinal plant genus in the Lamiaceae family. The genetic diversity of 85 genotypes belonging to 20 species from the native flora of the Hatay, province of south-central part of Turkey, was analyzed using six microsatellite markers. These markers (SoUZ022,...

Author(s) : Bahadirli, N. P.; Ayanoglu, F.

Publisher : Elsevier, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 2021 Vol.20

24. Characterization of Bacillus cereus sensu lato isolates from milk for consumption; phylogenetic identity, potential for spoilage and disease.

This study addresses the biodiversity of Bacillus cereus group population present along the value chain of milk for consumption. The B. cereus population did not grow and remained mainly unaltered during storage of milk at 4°C while storage at a suboptimal temperature at 8°C (representative of a...

Author(s) : Porcellato, D.; Skeie, S. B.; Mellegård, H.; Monshaugen, M.; Göransson Aanrud, S.; Lindstedt, B. A.; Aspholm, M.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Food Microbiology 2021 Vol.93 ref.50

25. Exploring the relationship of Homalosilpha and Mimosilpha (Blattodea, Blattidae, Blattinae) from a morphological and molecular perspective, including a description of four new species.

This study utilized six genes (12S, 16S, 18S, 28S, COII and H3) from a total of 40 samples to construct maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) phylogenetic trees in order to infer the relationships between the morphologically similar genera Homalosilpha Stål, 1874 and Mimosilpha...

Author(s) : Liao ShuRan; Wang YiShu; Jin DuTing; Chen Rong; Wang ZongQing; Che YanLi

Publisher : PeerJ, San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PeerJ 2021 Vol.9 No.10618 ref.44