Search results: 359,421 results (approx.)

1. DPF3, a putative candidate gene for melanoma etiopathogenesis in gray horses.

Melanoma prevalence in gray horses reaches up to 50% and more. Several studies have documented a genetic melanoma predisposition which is referred to the 4.6 kb duplication in intron 6 of STX17 and its surrounding haplotype. However, the genetic background and mechanisms responsible for differences ...

Author(s) : Druml, T.; Brem, G.; Horna, M.; Ricard, A.; Grilz-Seger, G.

Publisher : Elsevier, New York, USA

Journal article : Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 2022 Vol.108 ref.28

2. Taxonomic and evolutionary impacts of anatomical and morphological characters in the genus Epilobium L. (Onagraceae).

The genus Epilobium with about 200 species is known as a complex plant group with controversial taxonomy and species relationship. A few evolutionary studies have been performed in the genus and less is known about Epilobium speciation events in different parts of the world. The present study was...

Author(s) : Rahimi, S.; Sheidai, M.; Koohdar, F.; Mehrabian, A. R.; Mohebi Sadr, M.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Industrial Crops and Products 2022 Vol.176 ref.35

3. Research progress of molecular karyotype of plants.

In recent years, the individual chromosome identification has become an important direction in plant genetics, biodiversity, and evolution studies, and it is also one of difficult problems in the study of large-genome polyploidy plants with chromosomes of similar morphology. Here, the design and...

Author(s) : Liu Qing; Pan HaoYan; Huang JiaLi

Publisher : Northwest A & F University (Natural Science Edition), Xianyang, China

Journal article : Journal of Northwest A & F University - Natural Science Edition 2022 Vol.50 No.2 pp.82-89

4. Status of the name Bactrocera papayae Drew & Hancock.

This chapter discusses the status of the name Bactrocera papayae. It considers the synonymy proposed by Schutze et al. (2015a) to be incorrect and unjustified, and continue to regard B. papayae as the valid name for populations occurring from southern Thailand to Papua New Guinea.

Author(s) : Drew, R. A. I.; Romig, M. C.

Book chapter : The fruit fly fauna (Diptera: Tephritideae: Dacinae) of Papua New Guinea, Indonesian Papua, Associated Islands and Bougainville 2022 pp.9-9

5. Supraspecific classification.

The definitions of genera and subgenera used in the classification of the Dacini have been in a continual state of change for over a century. The early definitions were based on often homoplasious morphological characters, some examples for the Oriental and Australian regions being Tryon (1927),...

Author(s) : Drew, R. A. I.; Romig, M. C.

Book chapter : The fruit fly fauna (Diptera: Tephritideae: Dacinae) of Papua New Guinea, Indonesian Papua, Associated Islands and Bougainville 2022 pp.11-12

6. Systematic analysis of the fauna of Papua New Guinea and associated biogeographical territories.

This chapter presents the classification of the dacine fauna of Papua New Guinea and associated biogeographical territories into two genera, Bactrocera Macquart (with 21 subgenera) and Dacus Fabricius (with three subgenera). These include the subgenus Diplodacus May, which occurs in north-eastern...

Author(s) : Drew, R. A. I.; Romig, M. C.

Book chapter : The fruit fly fauna (Diptera: Tephritideae: Dacinae) of Papua New Guinea, Indonesian Papua, Associated Islands and Bougainville 2022 pp.13-16

7. Taxonomy.

This chapter provides information on the taxonomy, morphology, distribution and host plants 25 new species of fruit flies from the genera Bactrocera and Dacus.

Author(s) : Drew, R. A. I.; Romig, M. C.

Book chapter : The fruit fly fauna (Diptera: Tephritideae: Dacinae) of Papua New Guinea, Indonesian Papua, Associated Islands and Bougainville 2022 pp.25-73

8. New information on known species.

This chapter focuses on new information (such as taxonomy, morphology, distribution and hosts) of known species of fruit flies (Bactrocera daruensis, B. denigrata, B. longicornis, B. nigella, B. thistletoni and B. torresiae) from Papua New Guinea and associated islands.

Author(s) : Drew, R. A. I.; Romig, M. C.

Book chapter : The fruit fly fauna (Diptera: Tephritideae: Dacinae) of Papua New Guinea, Indonesian Papua, Associated Islands and Bougainville 2022 pp.74-77

9. Molecular epidemiology of Yellow fever virus in Africa: a perspective of the phylogeographic split between East/Central African and West African lineages.

Yellow fever (YF) is a major public-health problem in Africa. Yellow fever virus (YFV), the etiological agent responsible for the disease, exhibits clear delineation of phylogeography between East/Central Africa and West Africa. In order to decipher the genetic nature of the YFV epidemic between...

Author(s) : Li Yan

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Acta Tropica 2022 Vol.225

10. Passage and the evolution of virulence in invertebrate pathogens: fundamental and applied perspectives.

Understanding the ecological and genetic factors that determine the evolution of virulence has broad value for invertebrate pathology. In addition to helping us understand the fundamental biology of our study organisms this body of theory has important applications in microbial biocontrol....

Author(s) : Raymond, B.; Erdos, Z.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 2022 Vol.187 ref.118

11. The parapoxvirus Orf virus inhibits IFN-β expression induced by dsRNA.

Orf virus (ORFV) is the type species of the Parapoxvirus genus that belongs to the Poxviridae family. Type I interferons (IFN) are critical in the host defence against viruses. They induce hundreds of interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) many of which have an antiviral role. The ability of ORFV to...

Author(s) : Aldaif, B. A.; Mercer, A. A.; Fleming, S. B.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virus Research 2022 Vol.307 ref.90

12. Heritability of dispersal in a rapidly spreading invasive spider.

Dispersal is an inseparable feature of animal life and a major determinant of species distributions and range dynamics. However, the role of the genetic architecture of dispersal behaviour, and hence the potential for its evolution in range-expanding species, is poorly understood. Here, we aimed to ...

Author(s) : Narimanov, N.; Bonte, D.; Entling, M. H.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Animal Behaviour 2022 Vol.183 pp.93-101 ref.80

13. Innate immune memory in invertebrates: concept and potential mechanisms.

Invertebrates are the protagonists of a recent paradigm shift because they now show that vertebrates are not the only group with immune memory. This review discusses the concept of immune priming, its characteristics, and differences with trained immunity and immune enhancement. We include an...

Author(s) : Lanz-Mendoza, H.; Contreras-Garduño, J.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Developmental and Comparative Immunology 2022 Vol.127 ref.143

14. Testing genome skimming for species discrimination in the large and taxonomically difficult genus Rhododendron.

Standard plant DNA barcodes based on 2-3 plastid regions, and nrDNA ITS show variable levels of resolution, and fail to discriminate among species in many plant groups. Genome skimming to recover complete plastid genome sequences and nrDNA arrays has been proposed as a solution to address these...

Author(s) : Fu ChaoNan; Mo ZhiQiong; Yang JunBo; Cai Jie; Ye LinJiang; Zou JiaYun; Qin HanTao; Zheng Wei; Hollingsworth, P. M.; Li DeZhu; Gao LianMing

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Molecular Ecology Resources 2022 Vol.22 No.1 pp.404-414 ref.73

15. Introduction.

Given the rich rainforest flora of Papua New Guinea, which includes some 8000 known plant species, it is understandable why this land mass contains such a rich dacine fauna, with the largest number of species of any land mass across the entire Asian/Pacific region. Major collections of Dacini have...

Author(s) : Drew, R. A. I.; Romig, M. C.

Book chapter : The fruit fly fauna (Diptera: Tephritideae: Dacinae) of Papua New Guinea, Indonesian Papua, Associated Islands and Bougainville 2022 pp.3-3

16. Detection and molecular characterization of picobirnaviruses in the wild birds: identification of a novel Picobirnavirus possessing yeast mitochondrial genetic code.

Picobirnaviruses (PBVs) are bi-segmented dsRNA viruses that have been detected in various animal species including vertebrates and invertebrates. In this study, 17 complete or incomplete PBV segment-2 and one unsegmented PBV-like virus sequence were identified in fecal samples from different bird...

Author(s) : Ullah, K.; Mehmood, A.; Chen Xu; Dar, M. A.; Yang ShiXing; Zhang Wen

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virus Research 2022 Vol.308 ref.26

17. Host specialization is ancestral in Torymus (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) cynipid gall parasitoids.

The host range of parasitoids varies greatly among species: Some only parasitize one to a few hosts (specialists), while others parasitize multiple species or a variety of host types (generalists). The direction of most host range shifts in parasitoid groups, that is from generalist to specialist...

Author(s) : Gil-Tapetado, D.; Durán-Montes, P.; García-París, M.; López-Estrada, E. K.; Sánchez-Vialas, A.; Jiménez-Ruiz, Y.; Gómez, J. F.; Nieves-Aldrey, J. L.

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Zoologica Scripta 2022 Vol.51 No.1 pp.91-118 ref.93

18. Evolution of milk oligosaccharides: origin and selectivity of the ratio of milk oligosaccharides to lactose among mammals.

Background: The carbohydrate fraction of mammalian milk is constituted of lactose and oligosaccharides, most of which contain a lactose unit at their reducing ends. Although lactose is the predominant saccharide in the milk of most eutherians, oligosaccharides significantly predominate over lactose ...

Author(s) : Urashima, T.; Katayama, T.; Sakanaka, M.; Fukuda, K.; Messer, M.

Publisher : Elsevier Science Publishers B.V, Biomedical Division, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, General Subjects 2022 Vol.1866 No.1 ref.182

19. First report of Trypanosoma theileri in equine host and Tabanus sp. in Malaysia.

Trypanosoma (Megatrypanum) theileri is a non-pathogenic or weakly pathogenic parasite of domestic cattle that is cyclically transmitted by blood-sucking insects, mainly tabanid flies. It has been reported in several countries like Brazil, Venezuela, Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, and the...

Author(s) : Tan LiPeng; Nur Zul, I. M. R.; Mimi Armiladiana Mohamad; Maizan Mohamed; Ruhil Hayati Hamdan; Mohd Azam, K. G. K.; Samsuddin Ahmad Syazwan; Seng Hua Lee

Publisher : Elsevier, New York, USA

Journal article : Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 2022 Vol.108 ref.40

20. Genomic and phylogenetic analysis of avian polyomaviruses isolated from parrots in Taiwan.

Avian polyomavirus (APV) is a non-enveloped virus with a circular double-stranded DNA genome approximately 5000 bp in length. APV was first reported in fledgling budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus) as the causative agent of budgerigar fledgling disease, resulting in high parrot mortality rates in ...

Author(s) : Liu FangLin; Chang ShuPing; Liu HungJen; Liu PanChen; Wang ChiYoung

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virus Research 2022 Vol.308 ref.38

21. Epidemiological survey and genetic diversity of bovine coronavirus in Northeast China.

In 2020, to trace the prevalence and evolution of bovine coronavirus (BCoV) in China, a total of 1383 samples (1016 fecal samples and 367 nasal swab samples) were collected from 1016 cattle exhibiting diarrhea symptoms on dairy farms and beef cattle farms in Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China....

Author(s) : Zhu QingHe; Su MingJun; Li ZiJian; Wang XiaoRan; Qi ShanShan; Zhao FeiYu; Li Lu; Guo DongHua; Feng Li; Li Bin; Sun DongBo

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virus Research 2022 Vol.308 ref.66

22. Identification of hepatitis E virus in wild sika deer in Japan.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a zoonotic agent mainly transmitted through the consumption of uncooked or undercooked meat products derived from infected animals. In Japan, domestic pigs and wild boars are the major animal reservoirs, and whether or not deer are an HEV reservoir remains controversial....

Author(s) : Takahashi, M.; Nishizono, A.; Kawakami, M.; Fukui, E.; Isogai, E.; Matsuoka, H.; Yamamoto, S.; Mizuo, H.; Nagashima, S.; Murata, K.; Okamoto, H.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virus Research 2022 Vol.308 ref.51

23. Novel Siphoviridae phage PMBT4 belonging to the group b Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus phages.

A novel Lactobacillus delbrueckii bacteriophage PMBT4 was isolated from the Nigerian fermented milk product nono. The phage possesses a long and thin, non-contractile tail and an isometric head, indicating that it belongs to the Siphoviridae family. A neck passage structure ('collar'), previously...

Author(s) : Sprotte, S.; Fagbemigun, O.; Brinks, E.; Cho GyuSung; Casey, E.; Oguntoyinbo, F. A.; Neve, H.; Mahony, J.; Sinderen, D. van; Franz, C. M. A. P.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virus Research 2022 Vol.308 ref.23

24. Whole genome analysis and molecular characterization of chicken infectious anemia virus from an outbreak in a layer flock reveals circulation of genogroup IIIb in South India.

The complete genome (2298 nucleotides) of the economically important and immunosuppressive, chicken infectious anemia virus (CAV), from a disease outbreak in a layer flock is discussed. This is the first report of a complete genome sequence of CAV from India. The phylogenetic analyses grouped this...

Author(s) : Rao, P. L.; Priyanka, E.; Kannaki, T. R.; Madhuri Subbiah

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virus Research 2022 Vol.308 ref.63

25. Genomic characteristics and pathogenicity of a new bat adenoviruses strains that was isolated in at sites along the southeastern coasts of the P. R. of China from 2015 to 2019.

Bats are important reservoirs for many kinds of emerging zoonotic viruses. In order to explore potential pathogens carried by bats and trace the source of adenovirus outbreaks on the southeastern coast of China, we took pharyngeal and anal swabs from a total of 552 bats (Rhinolophus pusillus)...

Author(s) : Ai LeLe; Zhu ChangQiang; Zhang Wen; He Ting; Ke YueHua; Wu JiaHong; Yin Wen; Zou XiaoBo; Ding Chenxi; Luo YiZhe; Wang ChangJun; Qian Hui; Tan WeiLong

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Virus Research 2022 Vol.308 ref.34