Search results: 64,551 results (approx.)

1. Quantifying earthworm community structures as indicators of soil health.

Author(s) : Stroud, J. L.

Publisher : Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited, Cambridge, UK

Book chapter : Advances in measuring soil health 2021 pp.25-39 ref.45

2. Characterisation of fungal communities and functions in agricultural soils.

Author(s) : Taylor, A. F. S.; Freitag, T.; Robinson, L. J.; White, D.

Publisher : Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited, Cambridge, UK

Book chapter : Advances in measuring soil health 2021 pp.41-68 ref.many

3. Anaerobic degradation of high-concentration polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in seawater sediments.

Recurring oil spill accidents have been a global challenge and contribute to PAHs' heavy accumulation in marine sediments. The rapid bioremediation of PAHs with high concentrations in marine sediments has rarely been studied. In this study, four representative PAHs in crude oil were tested for fast ...

Author(s) : Mu Jun; Leng QingXue; Yang GuangFeng; Zhu BaiKang

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Marine Pollution Bulletin 2021 Vol.167

4. Habitat heterogeneity induced by pyrogenic organic matter in wildfire-perturbed soils mediates bacterial community assembly processes.

Although pyrogenic organic matter (PyOM) generated during wildfires plays a critical role in post-fire ecosystem recovery, the specific mechanisms by which PyOM controls soil microbial community assembly after wildfire perturbation remain largely uncharacterized. Herein we characterized the effect...

Author(s) : Zhang LuJun; Ma Bin; Tang CaiXian; Yu HaoDan; Lv XiaoFei; Rodrigues, J. L. M.; Dahlgren, R. A.; Xu JianMing

Publisher : Nature Publishing Group, London, UK

Journal article : ISME Journal 2021 Vol.15 No.7 pp.1943-1955 ref.58

5. Soil microbial diversity-biomass relationships are driven by soil carbon content across global biomes.

The relationship between biodiversity and biomass has been a long standing debate in ecology. Soil biodiversity and biomass are essential drivers of ecosystem functions. However, unlike plant communities, little is known about how the diversity and biomass of soil microbial communities are...

Author(s) : Bastida, F.; Eldridge, D. J.; García, C.; Png, G. K.; Bardgett, R. D.; Delgado-Baquerizo, M.

Publisher : Nature Publishing Group, London, UK

Journal article : ISME Journal 2021 Vol.15 No.7 pp.2081-2091 ref.81

6. Fungal biodiversity and metabolic potential of selected fluvisols from the Vistula River valley in Lubelskie, Poland.

Analyses of the soil mycobiome, though limited, are needed to understand interactions in the ecosystem. We have attempted to assess structural and functional differentiation of fluvisol mycobiomes located in the Natura 2000 area in Vistula River valet in Lubelskie, Poland. The metabolic potential...

Author(s) : Furtak, K.; Grządziel, J.; Gałązka, A.; Gawryjołek, K.; Niedźwiecki, J.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Applied Soil Ecology 2021 Vol.160

7. New insights into the influence of plant and microbial diversity on denitrification rates in a salt marsh.

Coastal salt marshes are some of the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing numerous services such as soil carbon storage, flood protection and nutrient filtering, several of which are mediated by the sediment microbiome associated with marsh vegetation. Here, nutrient filtering (nitrate...

Author(s) : Mason, O. U.; Chanton, P.; Knobbe, L. N.; Zaugg, J.; Mortazavi Behzad

Publisher : Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands

Journal article : Wetlands 2021 Vol.41 No.2 ref.many

8. Response to edaphoclimatic conditions and crop management of the bacterial microbiome of Musa acuminata rhizosphere profiled by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing.

Bacterial rhizospheric microbiomes of Musa acuminata cultivated in farms close to the west and east Mexican coasts and with different climate, soils, and crop management practices were characterized by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Results showed that rhizospheric microbiome composition...

Author(s) : Torre-González, F. J. de la; Fernández-Castillo, E.; Azaharez-Llorente, D.; Lara, J.; Avendaño, E.; Castañeda, A.; Gómez, S.; Gaxiola, J.; Asaff-Torres, A.; Verdín, J.

Publisher : American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA

Journal article : Microbiology Resource Announcements 2021 Vol.10 No.10 ref.11

9. Organic matter composition, BaP biodegradation and microbial communities at sites near and far from the bioanode in a soil microbial fuel cell.

Bioanodes in a soil microbial fuel cell (SMFC) can serve as sustainable electron acceptors in microbial metabolism processes; thus, SMFCs are considered a promising in situ bioremediation technology. Most related studies have focused on the removal efficiency of contaminants. Relatively few efforts ...

Author(s) : Liang YinXiu; Ji Min; Zhai HongYan; Zhao Jun

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2021 Vol.772

10. Bioremediation of petroleum-contaminated soil by semi-aerobic aged refuse biofilter: optimization and mechanism.

Petroleum-contaminated soil (PCS) is a global environmental issue. An effective remediation technique is urgently needed to address this problem. This study applied a semi-aerobic aged refuse biofilter (SAARB) to the decontamination and remediation of PCS. The effects of petroleum content,...

Author(s) : Chen WeiMing; Wang Fan; Zeng Lin; Li QiBin

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Cleaner Production 2021 Vol.294

11. Soil type driven change in microbial community affects poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) degradation potential.

Biodegradable mulch films have been developed as a suitable alternative to conventional nondegradable polyethylene films. However, the key factors controlling the degradation speed of biodegradable mulch films in soils remain unclear. Here, we linked changes in the soil microbiome with the...

Author(s) : Han YuJuan; Teng Ying; Wang Xia; Ren WenJie; Wang XiaoMi; Luo YongMing; Zhang HuiMin; Christie, P.

Publisher : American Chemical Society, Washington, USA

Journal article : Environmental Science & Technology 2021 Vol.55 No.8 pp.4648-4657

12. Long-term fertilization history alters effects of microplastics on soil properties, microbial communities, and functions in diverse farmland ecosystem.

Microplastics (MPs) pollution has caused a threat to soil ecosystem diversity and functioning globally. Recently, an increasing number of studies have reported effects of MPs on soil ecosystems. However, these studies mainly focused on soil bacterial communities and a few limited functional genes,...

Author(s) : Li HongZhe; Zhu Dong; Lindhardt, J. H.; Lin ShaoMin; Ke Xin; Cui Li

Publisher : American Chemical Society, Washington, USA

Journal article : Environmental Science & Technology 2021 Vol.55 No.8 pp.4658-4668

13. Microbial communities in full-scale wastewater treatment systems exhibit deterministic assembly processes and functional dependency over time.

Microbial communities constitute the core component of biological wastewater treatment processes. We conducted a meta-analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene of temporal samples obtained from diverse full-scale activated sludge and anaerobic digestion systems treating municipal and industrial...

Author(s) : Yu JinJin; Tang SiangNee; Lee, P. K. H.

Publisher : American Chemical Society, Washington, USA

Journal article : Environmental Science & Technology 2021 Vol.55 No.8 pp.5312-5323

14. Rhizospheric communication through mobile genetic element transfers for the regulation of microbe-plant interactions.

The transfer of mobile genetic elements (MGEs) has been known as a strategy adopted by organisms for survival and adaptation to the environment. The rhizosphere, where microbes and plants coexist, is a hotspot of MGE transfers. In this review, we discuss the classic mechanisms as well as novel...

Author(s) : Ku YeeShan; Wang ZhiLi; Duan ShaoWei; Lam HonMing

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Biology 2021 Vol.10 No.6 ref.80

15. Designing a home for beneficial plant microbiomes.

The plant microbiome comprises a highly diverse community of saprotrophic, mutualistic, and pathogenic microbes that can affect plant growth and plant health. There is substantial interest to exploit beneficial members of plant microbiomes for new sustainable management strategies in crop...

Author(s) : Song ChunXu; Jin KeMo; Raaijmakers, J. M.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Current Opinion in Plant Biology 2021 Vol.62 ref.105

16. Functional diversity of microbial communities in two contrasting maize rhizosphere soils.

The characterization of microbial functional diversity proffers the opportunity to understand and manipulate them in various agricultural and biotechnological processes. This study analyzed the functional diversity and metabolic potentials of microbial communities in the rhizosphere of a former...

Author(s) : Chukwuneme, C. F.; Ayangbenro, A. S.; Babalola, O. O.; Raphael Kutu, F.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Rhizosphere 2021 Vol.17

17. Single and combined abiotic stressors affect maize rhizosphere bacterial microbiota.

Rhizosphere microbiomes are influenced by abiotic stresses, but we know a little about their response to combinations of stresses. In this study we tested: (i) if drought and heat stress influence the maize rhizosphere microbial community; (ii) if the combination of drought and heat has a different ...

Author(s) : Vescio, R.; Malacrinò, A.; Bennett, A. E.; Sorgonà, A.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Rhizosphere 2021 Vol.17

18. Root-associated Burkholderia spp. on the hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth.) cover crop vary depending on soil history of use.

Vicia villosa is a cover crops commonly introduced in the rotation schema of sustainable agricultural practices. As a leguminous crop, Vicia villosa interacts with rhizobia to fix atmospheric nitrogen, modifying the nutritional status of consecutive crops. The interaction with other probiotic...

Author(s) : Draghi, W. O.; Alvarez, F.; Russo, D. M.; Lagares, A.; Wall, L. G.; Zorreguieta, A.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Rhizosphere 2021 Vol.17

19. Sequencing genomes: the microbiota of the reproductive tracts and its relationship with reproductive efficiency.

Foreign Title :Secuenciando genomas: la microbiota de los tractos reproductivos y su relación con la eficiencia reproductiva.

Author(s) : Saura, M.; Ramón, M.; Reinoso-Peláez, E.; González-Recio, Ó.; González, C.; Fernández, A.; Serrano, M.

Publisher : Grupo Asis Biomedia, S.L., Saragossa, Spain

Journal article : Albéitar 2021 No.246 pp.14-16 ref.15

20. Lichens and microbial syntrophies offer models for an interdependent route to multicellularity.

The evolution of multicellularity paved the way for significant increases in biological complexity. Although multicellularity has evolved many times independently, we know relatively little about its origins. Directed evolution is a promising approach to studying early steps in this major...

Author(s) : Libby, E.; Ratcliff, W. C.

Publisher : Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK

Journal article : Lichenologist 2021 Vol.53 No.4 pp.283-290 ref.79

21. Plants colonizing volcanic deposits: root adaptations and effects on rhizosphere microorganisms.

Background: Volcanic activity alters earth surfaces creating environments where new ecosystems can be established. Just some plants are able to colonize this kind of environment. Low availability of nitrogen and phosphorus have been widely considered to restrict plant colonization on volcanic...

Author(s) : Muñoz, G.; Orlando, J.; Zuñiga-Feest, A.

Publisher : Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands

Journal article : Plant and Soil 2021 Vol.461 No.1/2 pp.265-279 ref.many

22. Nutrient stoichiometry of a plant-microbe-soil system in response to cover crop species and soil type.

Aims: The theory of ecological stoichiometry mostly builds on studies of natural terrestrial ecosystems, whereas only limited stoichiometry information is available in response to agronomic practices. Methods: We designed a greenhouse experiment in order to disentangle the specific role of cover...

Author(s) : Bragazza, L.; Fontana, M.; Guillaume, T.; Scow, K. M.; Sinaj, S.

Publisher : Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands

Journal article : Plant and Soil 2021 Vol.461 No.1/2 pp.517-531 ref.many

23. Biodiversity of soil inhabiting Prostigmata (Arachnida: Acari) from different agro-ecological zones of Punjab, Pakistan.

Suborder Prostigmata is extensively distributed geographically and present in all the terrestrial ecosystem. Family richness, diversity, abundance and evenness of soil inhabiting Prostigmata mites population in disturbed and undisturbed soil were estimated from five different localities of Punjab,...

Author(s) : Ahmad Kamran Khan; Muhammad Hamid Bashir; Shanza Ahmed; Muhammad Amjad Bashir; Shahbaz Ali; Syeda Amber Hameed; Munaza Batool; Irfan Ahmed; Muhammad Naeem Khan

Publisher : Zoological Society of Pakistan, Lahore, Pakistan

Journal article : Pakistan Journal of Zoology 2021 Vol.53 No.3 pp.1059-1064 ref.33

24. Conventional bioretention column with Fe-hydrochar for stormwater treatment: nitrogen removal, nitrogen behaviour and microbial community analysis.

An FeCl3-modified rice husk hydrochar ('Fe-hydrochar') was used as the filler in a conventional bioretention column to remove nitrogen from synthetic stormwater. When the ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N) and nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N) concentrations of the influent were both 20 mg/L, the average removal...

Author(s) : Wang Fen; Wang HaiKang; Sun Chang; Yan Zhao

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Bioresource Technology 2021 Vol.334

25. Carrier type induces anammox biofilm structure and the nitrogen removal pathway: demonstration in a full-scale partial nitritation/anammox process.

In this study, two typical carrier types, microporous and macroporous carriers, were collected from a full-scale partial nitritation/anammox reactor for analysis and comparison of the biofilm structure characteristics, performance and removal nitrogen pathway. For microporous carriers, a thicker...

Author(s) : Yang ShenHua; Peng YongZhen; Zhang ShuJun; Han XiaoYu; Li JiaLin; Zhang Liang

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Bioresource Technology 2021 Vol.334