Search results: 139,696 results (approx.)

1. Thermal ecology and the relationship between temperature and sprint speed in adult females Paruroctonus marksi (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae).

In terrestrial ectotherms, body temperatures have a pronounced effect on their physiological processes and life history traits. This study was conducted to determine what the thermal preferences of adult female scorpions, Paruroctonus marksi, are and whether their body temperature influences their...

Author(s) : Nisani, Z.; Cardenas, V.; Cox, J.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Arid Environments 2022 Vol.197 ref.21

2. Supraspecific classification.

The definitions of genera and subgenera used in the classification of the Dacini have been in a continual state of change for over a century. The early definitions were based on often homoplasious morphological characters, some examples for the Oriental and Australian regions being Tryon (1927),...

Author(s) : Drew, R. A. I.; Romig, M. C.

Book chapter : The fruit fly fauna (Diptera: Tephritideae: Dacinae) of Papua New Guinea, Indonesian Papua, Associated Islands and Bougainville 2022 pp.11-12

3. Flying wildlife may mask the loss of ecological functions due to terrestrial habitat fragmentation.

Land use change alters wildlife critical animal behaviours such as movement, becoming the main driver threatening wildlife ecological functions (WEF) and nature's contribution to people (NCP) provided by terrestrial species. Despite the negative impacts of current rates of terrestrial fragmentation ...

Author(s) : Santiago Zuluaga; Speziale, K. L.; Lambertucci, S. A.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2022 Vol.803 ref.44

4. Biological parameters of three Argentinian populations of Pseudapanteles dignus, a larval endoparasitoid of Tuta absoluta, at various temperatures.

Understanding important aspects of the adaptation of a biological control agent population to different abiotic conditions (e.g., temperature) is essential to ensure its success once it is released in the field. In this context, we assessed different biological parameters of three Argentinian...

Author(s) : Vallina, C.; Greco, N. M.; D'Auro, F.; Sánchez, N. E.; Luna, M. G.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Biological Control 2022 Vol.165 ref.81

5. Soils and seasonality influence the richness of gall-inducing insects and their host plants in a tropical dry forest.

The richness of specialized herbivores and their host plants in a Brazilian dry forest was inventoried to evaluate if soil types and seasonality are important factors determining the composition of gall-inducing insects and their host plants in Caatinga environments on a local scale. This study...

Author(s) : Santos-Silva, J.; Santos, G. A. B. dos; Santos, J. C.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Arid Environments 2022 Vol.196 ref.82

6. Interaction networks between solitary hymenopterans and their natural enemies in different restoration areas.

The diversity of species and their interactions have been positively related with environmental complexity. Therefore, highly anthropized environments have their integrity under serious threat. These effects may last for years compromising the dynamics of natural communities, such as antagonistic...

Author(s) : Silva, G. G. da; Lange, D.; Guillermo-Ferreira, R.

Publisher : Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK

Journal article : Journal of Tropical Ecology 2022 Vol.38 No.1 pp.9-16 ref.59

7. The interplay of spatial scale and landscape transformation modulates the abundance and intraspecific variation in the ecomorphological traits of a phyllostomid bat.

Land use intensification imposes selective pressures that systematically change the frequency of wild population phenotypes. Growing evidence is biased towards the comparison of populations from discrete categories of land uses, ignoring the role of landscape emerging properties on the phenotype...

Author(s) : Ramírez-Mejía, A. F.; Urbina-Cardona, J. N.; Sánchez, F.

Publisher : Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK

Journal article : Journal of Tropical Ecology 2022 Vol.38 No.1 pp.31-38 ref.80

8. Artificial light at night and anthropogenic noise alter the foraging activity and structure of vertebrate communities.

Light and noise pollution from human activity are increasing at a dramatic rate. These sensory stimuli can have a wide range of effects on animal behavior, reproductive success, and physiology. However, less is known about the functional and community-level consequences of these sensory pollutants, ...

Author(s) : Willems, J. S.; Phillips, J. N.; Francis, C. D.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2022 Vol.805 ref.61

9. Better utilisation and transparency of bird data collected by powerline companies.

There is in an ongoing expansion of powerlines as a result of an increasing global demand for energy. Powerlines have the potential to negatively impact wild bird populations through collisions and/or electrocution, and reducing bird powerline collision and electrocution risk is a priority for...

Author(s) : Kettel, E. F.; Thaxter, C.; Oppel, S.; Carryer, A.; Innis, L.; Pearce-Higgins, J. W.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Environmental Management 2022 Vol.302 No.Part A ref.43

10. Increasing landscape complexity enhances species richness of farmland arthropods, agri-environment schemes also abundance - a meta-analysis.

Intensification of agricultural production and simplification of landscape structure have negatively affected arthropod communities, in particular since the end of Second World War. Agri-environment schemes may partly compensate for these losses and enhance arthropod populations, but their...

Author(s) : Marja, R.; Tscharntke, T.; Batáry, P.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 2022 Vol.326 ref.56

11. Molecular assays of pollen use consistently reflect pollinator visitation patterns in a system of flowering plants.

Determining how pollinators visit plants vs. how they carry and transfer pollen is an ongoing project in pollination ecology. The current tools for identifying the pollens that bees carry have different strengths and weaknesses when used for ecological inference. In this study we use three methods...

Author(s) : James, A. R. M.; Geber, M. A.; Toews, D. P. L.

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Molecular Ecology Resources 2022 Vol.22 No.1 pp.361-374 ref.56

12. Post-logging effects on nest predation and avian predator assemblages in a subtropical forest.

Logging represents one of the main threats to bird populations breeding in subtropical forests because the resulting changes in forest structure influence nesting sites and predator-prey interactions. Nest site selection in birds is critical to their survival and reproductive success, because site...

Author(s) : Tallei, E.; Rivera, L.; Schaaf, A.; Scheffer, M.; Politi, N.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Forest Ecology and Management 2022 Vol.505 ref.99

13. Compassionate conservation.

Author(s) : Saha, S. K.

Publisher : Zoo Outreach Organisation, Coimbatore, India

Journal article : Zoos' Print 2021 Vol.36 No.7 pp.32-36 ref.5

14. New insight into the tripartite relationship of microbes, nematodes and insects.

Author(s) : Kanzaki, N.

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environmental Microbiology 2021 Vol.23 No.9 pp.4856-4858 ref.18

15. Impact of crop management systems on soil nematode communities in south Brazil.

The analysis of nematode communities allows inferring consequences of management practices on the soil food web. We studied the taxonomic structure of nematode communities in preserved areas of the Atlantic forest (native forest=NF) in Ponta Grossa, Paraná State, Brazil, and in three different...

Author(s) : Machado, A. C. Z.; Zagatto, M. R. G.; Skora Neto, F.; Silva, S. A. da; Zanão Júnior, L. A.

Publisher : Universidade de Sao Paulo, Campus "Luiz de Queiroz" (ESALQ), Piracicaba, Brazil

Journal article : Scientia Agricola 2022 Vol.79 No.1 ref.45

16. Do seasonal dietary shifts by Temminck's pangolins compensate for winter resource scarcity in a semi-arid environment?

In response to food scarcity, animals may increase foraging time or shift their diet by including more profitable prey items. Aardvarks (Orycteropus afer) in the semi-arid Kalahari region of southern Africa died, apparently of starvation, because they did not shift their diet when their primary...

Author(s) : Panaino, W.; Parrini, F.; Phakoago, M. V.; Smith, D.; Dyk, G. van; Fuller, A.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Arid Environments 2022 Vol.197 ref.51

17. Resource-area-dependence analysis of desert mule deer habitats in the San Andres Mountains, New Mexico, USA.

Desert mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus eremicus) populations throughout the arid Southwestern USA and Mexico have declined; hence, it is important to identify habitats that provide for their requirements to inform habitat management. We used resource-area-dependence analysis (RADA), which relates...

Author(s) : Bender, L. C.; Hoenes, B. D.; Rodden, C. L.; Weisenberger, M. E.; Morrow, P. C.; Mathis, P. L.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Arid Environments 2022 Vol.197 ref.56

18. The effect of plastic low tunnels on natural enemies and pollinators in New York strawberry.

Although growing strawberries under low tunnels is increasing in popularity across the northeastern United States, little is known of how they impact the presence of natural enemies and pollinators that provide key ecosystem services on strawberry. We employed passive (fruit collections, sticky...

Author(s) : Willden, S. A.; Pritts, M. P.; Loeb, G. M.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Crop Protection 2022 Vol.151

19. Developing an effective strategy for indexing roof rat abundance in citrus orchards.

Effective rodent monitoring tools are needed to allow agricultural producers and pest control specialists to determine when rodent control strategies are needed, as well as to allow researchers to assess the efficacy of various management options. General indexing tools that utilize continuous...

Author(s) : Baldwin, R. A.; Meinerz, R.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Crop Protection 2022 Vol.151 ref.29

20. Landscape composition drives the impacts of artificial light at night on insectivorous bats.

Among the most prevalent sources of biodiversity declines, Artificial Light At Night (ALAN) is an emerging threat to global biodiversity. Much knowledge has already been gained to reduce impacts. However, the spatial variation of ALAN effects on biodiversity in interaction with landscape...

Author(s) : Barré, K.; Vernet, A.; Azam, C.; Viol, I. le; Dumont, A.; Deana, T.; Vincent, S.; Challéat, S.; Kerbiriou, C.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environmental Pollution 2022 Vol.292 No.Part B ref.76

21. Ecological maturity and stability of nematode communities in response to precipitation manipulations in grasslands.

Climate change is predicted to cause alterations in precipitation patterns in grasslands around the globe. The implications of these changes for soil biota and multiple key ecosystem functions that they regulate in grasslands is little known. We used soil nematodes as biological indicators in...

Author(s) : Ankrom, K. E.; Franco, A. L. C.; Fonte, S. J.; Gherardi, L. A.; Tomasel, C. M. de; Wepking, C.; Guan PingTing; Cui ShuYan; Sala, O. E.; Wall, D. H.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Applied Soil Ecology 2022 Vol.170 ref.78

22. Water table level and soil texture are important drivers of dung beetle diversity in Amazonian lowland forests.

The high biodiversity of the Amazon region is related to variation in soil physical properties and water-table depths. Dung beetles are efficient bioindicators that feed and breed on the soil surface and below ground, affecting soil properties and being affected by them. Here, we investigate the...

Author(s) : Salomão, R. P.; Pires, D. de A.; Baccaro, F. B.; Schietti, J.; Vaz-De-Mello, F. Z.; Lima, A. P.; Magnusson, W. E.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Applied Soil Ecology 2022 Vol.170

23. Drivers of soil biodiversity vary with organism type along an extensive aridity gradient.

Soils harbor a diverse range of biodiversity, including microbes and soil animals, which are crucial in supporting ecosystem functions. Despite the well-known effects of biotic and abiotic factors on soil biodiversity, their relative importance on different soil organisms remains less known,...

Author(s) : Ding JingYi; Eldridge, D. J.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Applied Soil Ecology 2022 Vol.170

24. Seasonal variations in macrofauna distribution according to the distance from a herbaceous strip in a Mediterranean alley cropping plot.

In alley cropping systems, herbaceous strips planted with trees are added into cropped fields. These systems could provide a favorable habitat for many organisms, producing shade in summer and litter in autumn, but their impacts on soil macrofauna are poorly studied, with most samplings limited to...

Author(s) : D'Hervilly, C.; Bertrand, I.; Capowiez, Y.; Béral, C.; Delapré-Cosset, L.; Marsden, C.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Applied Soil Ecology 2022 Vol.170 ref.51

25. Abundance and community composition of free-living nematodes as a function of soil structure under different vineyard managements.

Organic farming aims at improving soil fertility in vineyard soils through a combination of farming practices. We studied the effect of organic management on community traits of free-living nematodes as well as bulk and microstructure properties of soil by comparing them to conventional management, ...

Author(s) : Schlüter, S.; Gil, E.; Doniger, T.; Applebaum, I.; Steinberger, Y.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Applied Soil Ecology 2022 Vol.170