Search results: 177,161 results (approx.)

1. Advances in understanding plant root response to weedy root parasites.

Author(s) : Fernández-Aparicio, M.

Publisher : Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited, Cambridge, UK

Book chapter : Understanding and improving crop root function 2021 pp.215-229 ref.many

2. Special issue on intraspecific variation in plant functional traits.

This special issue contains 16 papers on focusing on the evolutionary and ecological aspects of intraspecific variation in plant functional traits.

Publisher : Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK

Journal issue : Annals of Botany 2021 Vol.127 No.4 pp.i-iii; 397-576

3. Root anatomy predicts ecological optima in Carex (Cyperaceae) in terms of Ellenberg indicator values.

The multinomial ecological indicator values (EIV) categorize species according to their ecological optima. They are a widely used expert system in ecology and vegetation science, their biological causes are largely unknown. The root anatomy of Carex shows considerable quantitative and qualitative...

Author(s) : Hoffmann, M. H.; Gebauer, S.; Lühmann, R.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Ecological Indicators 2021 Vol.129 ref.many

4. Assessing the effects of forest biomass reductions on forest health and streamflow.

Forest biomass reductions in overgrown forests have the potential to provide hydrologic benefits in the form of improved forest health and increased streamflow production in water-limited systems. Biomass reductions may also alter evaporation. These changes are generated when water that previously...

Author(s) : Bart, R. R.; Ray, R. L.; Conklin, M. H.; Safeeq, M.; Saksa, P. C.; Tague, C. L.; Bales, R. C.

Publisher : Wiley, Chichester, UK

Journal article : Hydrological Processes 2021 Vol.35 No.3

5. Editorial overview: mechanisms in the molecular interactions of plants with viruses and viroids.

Author(s) : Wei TaiYun; Ding ShouWei

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Current Opinion in Virology 2021 Vol.49 pp.27-29

6. Maladaptation, migration and extirpation fuel climate change risk in a forest tree species.

Accounting for population-level adaptation and migration remains a central challenge to predicting climate change effects on biodiversity. Assessing how climate change could disrupt local climate adaptation, resulting in maladaptation and possibly extirpation, can inform where climate change poses...

Author(s) : Gougherty, A. V.; Keller, S. R.; Fitzpatrick, M. C.

Publisher : Nature Publishing Group, London, UK

Journal article : Nature Climate Change 2021 Vol.11 No.2 pp.166-171 ref.48

7. Assessing the long-term ecological sustainability of dambo cultivation in southern Africa: ten-year case studies from Zambia and Malawi.

Internationally, evidence-based assessments of the sustainability of cultivation in seasonal wetlands are lacking despite such areas, including dambos in southern Africa, providing key areas for cultivation. The Striking a Balance project, which supported multiple use, including cultivation, of...

Author(s) : Kotze, D. C.; Wood, A. P.

Publisher : Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands

Journal article : Wetlands 2021 Vol.41 No.2 ref.40

8. Development of a male specific genetic marker for Garcinia subelliptica Merr. tree.

Garcinia subelliptica Merr. (called "fukugi" in Japanese) is a dioecious tree species, which has traditionally been planted as windbreak forests in the coast of Ryukyu islands. Although effective afforestation and maintenance of G. subelliptica would greatly be assisted by early sex diagnosis and...

Author(s) : Irei, A.; Miryeganeh, M.; Tamashiro, M.; Saze, H.; Urasaki, N.; Tarora, K.

Publisher : Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, UK

Journal article : Journal of Forest Research 2021 Vol.26 No.3 pp.222-229 ref.24

9. The identity of Utricularia trinervia (Lentibulariaceae): taxonomic re-establishment and unpublished descriptions of trap morphology.

Previous morphometric and molecular studies indicate that Utricularia amethystina is a species complex distributed in the warmer zones of the Neotropical region. It includes 31 names accepted as synonyms, mainly based on morphological characteristics of bracts and bracteoles, traps and capsule...

Author(s) : Guedes, F. M.; Coan, A. I.; Araújo, G. B.; Alves, M.

Publisher : Wiley, Hoboken, USA

Journal article : Taxon 2021 Vol.70 No.4 pp.854-865

10. New taxonomic circumscription to Chamaecrista ser. Setosae (H.S. Irwin & Barneby) H.S. Irwin & Barneby (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae).

This work presents a new circumscription and a taxonomic treatment for Chamaecrista ser. Setosae that resulted from previous phylogenetic studies and the analysis of ca. 350 collections, including typus, as well as the observation of populations in field. Nine species were recognized for the...

Author(s) : Oliveira, J. A. de; Mendes, T. P.; Souza, A. O. de; Silva, M. J. da

Publisher : Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand

Journal article : Phytotaxa 2021 Vol.490 No.2 pp.118-158 ref.23

11. Acianthera bilobulata (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae), a new species from Southwestern Ecuador.

Acianthera bilobulata is described and illustrated as new species. Information concerning distribution, habitat, phenology, and conservation status are provided. The new taxon is compared with the most similar species A. pubescens, from which it differs by its elliptic-lanceolate leaves,...

Author(s) : Romero, B. J. Z.; Solano, R.

Publisher : Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand

Journal article : Phytotaxa 2021 Vol.490 No.2 pp.159-171 ref.45

12. Taxonomic reinstatement of Garcinia conicarpa Wight (Clusiaceae).

Based on the literature survey, examintion of types, and the rules of ICN, we recognize Garcinia conicarpa as the legitimate name and the species status is reinstated. The taxon has distinctive morphological characters to be treated as a species rather than a variety of Garcinia gummi-gutta....

Author(s) : Shameer, P. S.; Thyagarajan Sabu; Mohanan, N. N.

Publisher : Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand

Journal article : Phytotaxa 2021 Vol.490 No.2 pp.191-196 ref.21

13. A new species of Sciodaphyllum (Araliaceae) from the chocó biogeographical region in Colombia.

A new species of Sciodaphyllum (Araliaceae), S. pygmaeum, is described and illustrated from the basin of the Anchicayá River in the Chocó Biogeographical region of Colombia. This new species differs from other members of the genus by being a small monocaulous shrub, with hollow branches, tubular...

Author(s) : Jiménez-Montoya, J.; Pizano, C.; Idárraga-Piedrahíta, Á.

Publisher : Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand

Journal article : Phytotaxa 2021 Vol.491 No.2 pp.184-190 ref.25

14. Synopsis of Cnidoscolus (Euphorbiaceae) in midwestern Brazil, including taxonomic updates, a new species, and a reestablishment of C. neglectus.

A synopsis of the genus Cnidoscolus is presented for the midwestern region of Brazil, which resulted from the analysis of about 1,200 specimens from 62 national and foreign herbaria, including type collections. Observations of populations in field were also made. Nine species are recognized, one of ...

Author(s) : Oliveira, C. C. de; Melo, A. L. de; Silva, M. J. da

Publisher : Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand

Journal article : Phytotaxa 2021 Vol.500 No.3 pp.179-200 ref.many

15. Evolutionary and ecological significance of photosynthetic organs in Phyllocladus (Podocarpaceae).

The structure of phylloclades and true leaves in Phyllocladus was investigated with emphasis on function, ecology and evolution. Only in the earliest ontogenetic stages are true, needle leaves developed. The earliest phylloclades comprise a fusion product of a shoot axis of the first order and its...

Author(s) : Dörken, V. M.; Hill, R. S.; Jordan, G. J.; Parsons, R. F.

Publisher : Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 2021 Vol.196 No.3 pp.343-363

16. Harnessing large-scale biodiversity data to infer the current distribution of Vanilla planifolia (Orchidaceae).

Although vanilla is one of the most popular flavours in the world, there is still uncertainty concerning the native distribution of the species that produces it, Vanilla planifolia. To circumscribe the native geographical extent of this economically important species more precisely, we propose a...

Author(s) : Ellestad, P.; Forest, F.; Serpe, M.; Novak, S. J.; Buerki, S.

Publisher : Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 2021 Vol.196 No.3 pp.407-422

17. Utilization and geographical distribution of Phleum phleoides (L.) Karst. in Xinjiang.

Objective: The present paper aimed to analyze the value of the use of wild germplasm resources in Xinjiang. Method:We had measured the geographical distribution of the population and the characteristics of the number of communities based on the combination of field survey and indoor analysis. We...

Author(s) : Zhang XianHua; Zhu JinZhong

Publisher : Editorial Department of Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu, China

Journal article : Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2021 Vol.34 No.1 pp.9-18 ref.20

18. The evolution of coevolution in the study of species interactions.

The study of reciprocal adaptation in interacting species has been an active and inspiring area of evolutionary research for nearly 60 years. Perhaps owing to its great natural history and potential consequences spanning population divergence to species diversification, coevolution continues to...

Author(s) : Agrawal, A. A.; Zhang XueNing

Publisher : Wiley, Boston, USA

Journal article : Evolution : International Journal of Organic Evolution 2021 Vol.75 No.7 pp.1594-1606 ref.many

19. Selection favors adaptive plasticity in a long-term reciprocal transplant experiment.

Spatial and temporal environmental variation can favor the evolution of adaptive phenotypic plasticity, such that genotypes alter their phenotypes in response to local conditions to maintain fitness across heterogeneous landscapes. When individuals show greater fitness in one habitat than another,...

Author(s) : Anderson, J. T.; Jameel, M. I.; Geber, M. A.

Publisher : Wiley, Boston, USA

Journal article : Evolution : International Journal of Organic Evolution 2021 Vol.75 No.7 pp.1711-1726

20. Practitioner views on the determinants of tropical forest restoration longevity.

Ensuring the long-term persistence of tropical forest restoration projects is vital to maintaining carbon stocks, biodiversity, and other benefits of restored ecosystems. But our understanding of the factors that determine restoration longevity - the age that a restored ecosystem attains before...

Author(s) : Nerfa, L.; Wilson, S. J.; Reid, J. L.; Rhemtulla, J. M.

Publisher : Wiley, Boston, USA

Journal article : Restoration Ecology 2021 Vol.29 No.3

21. Do plant-herbivore interactions persist in assisted migration plantings?

Biotic interactions are expected to be impacted by rising temperatures due to climate change, particularly in climate-threatened ecosystems such as the tropical montane cloud forest (TMCF). In assisted migration plantings, novel interactions between previously non-overlapping species may emerge...

Author(s) : Toledo-Aceves, T.; Del-Val, E.

Publisher : Wiley, Boston, USA

Journal article : Restoration Ecology 2021 Vol.29 No.3

22. Differences between species in seed bank and vegetation helps to hold functional diversity in a floodable neotropical savanna.

Aims: Our objective was to quantify the contributions of the seed bank and the established vegetation to the species composition, functional composition and diversity, and discuss the implications of these differences in regeneration and persistence of floodplain plant communities. Methods: We...

Author(s) : Souza, E. B. de; Bao, F.; Damasceno Junior, G. A.; Pott, A.

Publisher : Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Plant Ecology 2021 Vol.14 No.4 pp.605-615 ref.71

23. Invasive plant rhizome production and competitiveness vary based on neighbor identity.

Aims: Within-species genetic and phenotypic variation have well-known effects on evolutionary processes, but less is known about how within-species variation may influence community-level processes. Ecologically meaningful intraspecific variation might be particularly important in the context of...

Author(s) : Smith, A. L.; Atwater, D. Z.; Kim, W.; Haak, D. C.; Barney, J. N.

Publisher : Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Plant Ecology 2021 Vol.14 No.4 pp.638-647 ref.33

24. Above- and below-ground complementarity rather than selection drive tree diversity-productivity relationships in European forests.

Biodiversity experiments have identified both complementarity and selection as important drivers of the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. However, their relative importance in above- and below-ground ecosystem compartments of mature forests remains yet to be explored. We...

Author(s) : Jing Xin; Muys, B.; Bruelheide, H.; Desie, E.; Hättenschwiler, S.; Jactel, H.; Jaroszewicz, B.; Kardol, P.; Ratcliffe, S.; Scherer-Lorenzen, M.; Selvi, F.; Vancampenhout, K.; Plas, F. van der; Verheyen, K.; Vesterdal, L.; Zuo Juan; Meerbeek, K. van

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Functional Ecology 2021 Vol.35 No.8 pp.1756-1767

25. Spring phenological escape is critical for the survival of temperate tree seedlings.

Understorey plants in deciduous forests often rely on access to ephemeral light availability before the canopy closes in spring and after the canopy reopens in fall, a strategy commonly referred to as phenological escape. Although there is evidence for a relationship between understorey plant...

Author(s) : Lee, B. R.; Ibáñez, I.

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Functional Ecology 2021 Vol.35 No.8 pp.1848-1861