Search results: 5,866 results (approx.)

1. Tasmanian devil CD28 and CTla4 capture CD80 and CD86 from adjacent cells.

Immune checkpoint immunotherapy is a pillar of human oncology treatment with potential for non-human species. The first checkpoint immunotherapy approved for human cancers targeted the CTLA4 protein. CTLA4 can inhibit T cell activation by capturing and internalizing CD80 and CD86 from antigen...

Author(s) : Wong, C.; Darby, J. M.; Murphy, P. R.; Pinfold, T. L.; Lennard, P. R.; Woods, G. M.; Lyons, A. B.; Flies, A. S.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Developmental and Comparative Immunology 2021 Vol.115

2. Non-invasive hormone monitoring as a robust method for determining adrenocortical activity in injured, emaciated and oil-contaminated African penguins undergoing rehabilitation.

Anthropogenic activity is a major driver of seabird injury and mortality in the 21st century. Although most seabirds perish within the natural environment as a result of human activities, some are rescued and admitted to rehabilitation centres. Despite the considerable number of admissions, little...

Author(s) : Scheun, J.; Ludynia, K.; Snyman, A.; Ganswindt, A.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : General and Comparative Endocrinology 2021 Vol.303

3. Antemortem diagnosis of congenital glaucoma in a white-bellied caique (Pionites leucogaster).

A 34-day-old, male, white-bellied caique (Pionites leucogaster) was presented for a complaint of bilateral buphthalmos. Clinical examination was unremarkable apart from the ophthalmic findings. The ophthalmologic examination was negative for direct, consensual, and dazzle reflexes in both eyes. The ...

Author(s) : Cococcetta, C.; Collarile, T.; Masi, M.; Giudice, C.; Selleri, P.; Huynh, M.

Publisher : Wiley, Boston, USA

Journal article : Veterinary Ophthalmology 2021 Vol.24 No.1 pp.93-96

4. Fibular and metatarsal osteosynthesis in a southern brown howler monkey (Alouatta guariba clamitans).

Here we describe a successful surgical management of a distal fibular fracture combined with a tarsocrural luxation and multiple metatarsal fractures in the left foot of a southern brown howler monkey (Alouatta guariba clamitans). We achieved satisfactory outcome by applying intramedullary pinning...

Author(s) : Surita, L. E.; Nicknich, D.; Santos, E. A. R. dos; Picoli, R.; Monteiro, E. R.; Alievi, M. M.

Publisher : Wiley, Copenhagen, Denmark

Journal article : Journal of Medical Primatology 2021 Vol.50 No.1 pp.71-74

5. Carbamazepine at environmentally relevant concentrations caused DNA damage and apoptosis in the liver of Chinese rare minnows (Gobiocypris rarus) by the Ras/Raf/ERK/p53 signaling pathway.

To assess genetoxicity and the underlying mechanisms of carbamazepine (CBZ) toxicity in fish, adult Chinese rare minnows (Gobiocypris rarus) were exposed to 1, 10, and 100 μg/L CBZ for 28 d. Comet assays indicated that hepatic DNA damage was significantly increased in groups of minnows exposed to...

Author(s) : Yan SaiHong; Chen Rui; Wang Miao; Zha JinMiao

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environmental Pollution 2021 Vol.270

6. Looking for genetic effects of polluted anthropized environments on Caiman crocodilus crocodilus (Reptilia, Crocodylia): a comparative genotoxic and chromosomal analysis.

The Amazon aquatic ecosystems have been modified by the human population growth, going through changes in their water bodies and aquatic biota. The spectacled alligator (Caiman crocodilus crocodilus) has a wide distribution and adaptability to several environments, even those polluted ones. This...

Author(s) : Oliveira, V. C. S.; Viana, P. F.; Gross, M. C.; Feldberg, E.; Silveira, R. da; Cioffi, M. de B.; Bertollo, L. A. C.; Schneider, C. H.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2021 Vol.209 ref.many

7. An agricultural practice as a direct threat to the snake-eyed skink Ablepharus kitaibelii (Bibron & Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1833) in central Greece.

Terrestrial reptiles are threatened by numerous anthropogenic activities, including agriculture. Many agricultural methods and techniques affect the herpetofauna located in the oldest known tree crops in the Mediterranean Basin, olive trees. For the first time, we present a case of unintentional...

Author(s) : Christopoulos, A.; Pafilis, P.

Publisher : Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Bulgaria

Journal article : Herpetozoa 2021 Vol.34 No.9-12 pp.9-12 ref.15

8. Reproductive aspects and surgical resolution of dystocia in non-human primates.

Non-human primates, as well as other wild species, demand that more research be carried out in order to provide knowledge of their reproductive biology and management methods applied to reproduction, including cesarean section is the criterion of choice in some cases. Dystocia, where there is...

Foreign Title :Aspectos reprodutivos e resolução cirúrgica da distocia em primatas não-humano.

Author(s) : Santana, J. S.; Oliveira, M. N. B. de; Soares, B. R.; Silva, M. V. da; Magalhães, D. A.; Volkweis, F. S.

Publisher : Pubvet, Maringá, Brazil

Journal article : PUBVET 2021 Vol.15 No.1 ref.43

9. One Health: the theory and practice of integrated health approaches.

The second edition of this book contains 32 chapters divided into 4 main sections that discuss the theoretical foundations of One Health; methods, skills and perspectives for the practice of One Health; the application of One Health in infectious and non-infectious diseases and governance and...

Author(s) : Zinsstag, J.; Schelling, E.; Crump, L.; Whittaker, M.; Tanner, M.; Stephen, C.

Book : One Health: the theory and practice of integrated health approaches 2021 No.Ed.2 pp.xv + 440 pp.

10. Hematologic and serum biochemical data from mass stranded long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas), Cape Cod, USA, 2002.

Medical and stranding records from a mass stranding of long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) were reviewed retrospectively. Of the 58 stranded animals, 40 were euthanized, while 18 died naturally. Seventeen individuals were male (29%), 37 individuals were female (64%), and sex was not...

Author(s) : Crooks, G. C.; Sharp, S. M.; Merigo, C.; Moore, K. M.; Innis, C. J.

Publisher : European Association for Aquatic Mammals, Kailua, USA

Journal article : Aquatic Mammals 2021 Vol.47 No.1 pp.76-85

11. Gulls foraging in landfills: does atmospheric exposure to halogenated flame retardants result in bioaccumulation?

Several bird species have adapted to foraging in landfills, although these sites are known to represent significant sources of emissions of toxic semi-volatile chemicals including the halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) (e.g., polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and emerging compounds). The...

Author(s) : Sorais, M.; Spiegel, O.; Mazerolle, M. J.; Giroux, J. F.; Verreault, J.

Publisher : Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environment International 2021 Vol.147 ref.many

12. Meningoencephalitis with chondrocranial subcutaneous abscessation and septicaemia in a captive lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris).

The aetiology, clinical signs, diagnosis and postmortem findings of meningoencephalitis, abscesses and septicaemia in a captive 25-year-old lemon shark (Negaprion brevirostris) in an aquarium the UK in August 2018 are described.

Author(s) : Rich, A. F.; Zendri, F.; Thornton, S.; Verin, R.

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Fish Diseases 2021 Vol.44 No.1 pp.113-117

13. Disseminated histiocytic sarcoma in Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus).

This case study had focused on a male, 7-year-old Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) with a history of biting its tail and the development of skin masses around its inguinal area, prior to its death. Macroscopically, multiple firm white nodular masses of 0.5-5 cm in diameter were found...

Author(s) : Boonsri, K.; Dechkajorn, S.; Photichai, K.; Srivorakul, S.; Boonsriroj, H.; Thongtharb, A.; Pringproa, K.

Publisher : Japanese Society of Veterinary Science, Tokyo, Japan

Journal article : Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 2021 Vol.83 No.1 pp.108-111 ref.10

14. Histomorphology and immunohistochemistry of a congenital nephromegaly demonstrate concurrent features of heritable and acquired cystic nephropathies in a girgentana goat (Capra falconeri).

Polycystic kidney diseases (PKD) represent frequent congenital and adult nephropathies in humans and domestic animals. This report illustrates an uncommon state of congenital PKD in a girgentana goat (Capra falconeri). A stillborn female goat kid was submitted for postmortem examination and...

Author(s) : Mayer, C.; Ormanns, S.; Majzoub-Altweck, M.

Publisher : Hindawi, London, UK

Journal article : Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine 2021 Vol.2021 No.8749158 ref.40

15. Hedgehogs in the waiting room.

Author(s) : Partridge, T.

Publisher : British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Quedgeley, UK

Journal article : Companion 2020 No.No.January pp.12-17

16. A survey and critical review of wombat diets in captivity.

Much of the literature on wombat diet is concerned only with the broad categories of consumed matter, and there is little about their specific nutritional requirements despite diet playing a major role in health. This study gathered information by surveying zoological parks and wildlife carers...

Author(s) : Stannard, H. J.; Purdy, K.; Old, J. M.

Publisher : CSIRO, Collingwood, Australia

Journal article : Australian Mammalogy 2021 Vol.43 No.1 pp.66-71 ref.32

17. Cheilitis associated with a novel herpesvirus in two panther chameleons (Furcifer pardalis).

Intracellular epidermal inclusions were detected within histological sections of skin biopsies from two panther chameleons (Furcifer pardalis) with chronic cheilitis. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirmed the abundant presence of icosahedral intracytoplasmic and intranuclear viral...

Author(s) : Hellebuyck, T.; Couck, L.; Ducatelle, R.; Broeck, W. van den; Marschang, R. E.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Comparative Pathology 2021 Vol.182 pp.58-66

18. Seasonal effect of land use management on gill histopathology of barbel and Douro nase in a Portuguese watershed.

The Vilariça River (located in the northeast of Portugal) is inserted in an agricultural basin and it was chosen to replace the spawning grounds for fish, that was lost due to the construction of dams in the Sabor River. Thus, it is essential to study the effect of agricultural practices on water...

Author(s) : Santos, R. M. B.; Monteiro, S. M.; Cortes, R. M. V.; Pacheco, F. A. L.; Fernandes, L. F. S.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2021 Vol.764

19. Skeletal pathology and bone mineral density changes in wild muskrats (Ondatra zibethicus) and red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) inhabiting arsenic polluted areas of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories (Canada): a radiographic densitometry study.

The City of Yellowknife is a known hotspot of arsenic contamination and there is a growing body of evidence suggesting that local wildlife in the vicinity of the abandoned Giant Mine site may be at risk of decreased bone mineralization and various bone disorders. The purpose of this study was to...

Author(s) : Amuno, S.; Shekh, K.; Kodzhahinchev, V.; Niyogi, S.; Al-Kaissi, A.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2021 Vol.208 ref.38

20. Hepatobiliary PAHs and prevalence of pathological changes in Red Snapper.

Red Snapper (Lutjanus campechanus) were collected throughout the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) from 2011 to 2017 and analyzed for biliary (n = 496) fluorescent aromatic compounds (FACs), hepatic (n = 297) polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and microscopic hepatobiliary changes (MHC, n = 152). Gross and ...

Author(s) : Pulster, E. L.; Fogelson, S.; Carr, B. E.; Mrowicki, J.; Murawski, S. A.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Aquatic Toxicology 2021 Vol.230

21. Spatiotemporal persistence of bat roadkill hotspots in response to dynamics of habitat suitability and activity patterns.

Wildlife roadkill hotspots are frequently used to identify priority locations for implementing mitigation measures. However, understanding the landscape-context and the spatial and temporal dynamics of these hotspots is challenging. Here, we investigate the factors that drive the spatiotemporal...

Author(s) : Medinas, D.; Marques, J. T.; Costa, P.; Santos, S.; Rebelo, H.; Barbosa, A. M.; Mira, A.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Environmental Management 2021 Vol.277 ref.many

22. Organochlorine compounds pose health risks to the Qinling Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca qinlingensis).

To assess organochlorine compound (OC) contamination, its possible sources, and adverse health impacts on giant pandas, we collected soil, bamboo, and panda fecal samples from the habitat and research center of the Qinling panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca qinlingensis) - the rarest recognized panda...

Author(s) : Zhao Yan; Chen YiPing; Macdonald, D. W.; Li Jun; Ma QingYi

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environmental Pollution 2021 Vol.273

23. Skin lesion prevalence of estuarine common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in North Carolina, with comparisons to other east coast study sites.

Common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) are sentinels of environmental health. Skin lesions may indicate disease and can be used to infer population health. We estimated the prevalence of skin lesions and identified major lesion types on coastal bottlenose dolphins in Roanoke Sound, North...

Author(s) : Taylor, J. S.; Hart, L. B.; Adams, J.

Publisher : Wiley, Boston, USA

Journal article : Marine Mammal Science 2021 Vol.37 No.1 pp.127-141

24. Characterizing transcriptomic responses of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) chronically exposed to Deepwater Horizon oiled sediments.

To obtain a deeper understanding of the transcriptomic responses to oil in southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma), we performed quantitative PCR and RNA sequencing on liver and gill tissue after a chronic exposure (35 days) to Deepwater Horizon crude oiled sediment and after a 30-day recovery ...

Author(s) : Rodgers, M. L.; Sherwood, T. A.; Tarnecki, A. M.; Griffitt, R. J.; Wetzel, D. L.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Aquatic Toxicology 2021 Vol.230

25. Genomic investigations of acute munitions exposures on the health and skin microbiome composition of leopard frog (Rana pipiens) tadpoles.

Natural communities of microbes inhabiting amphibian skin, the skin microbiome, are critical to supporting amphibian health and disease resistance. To enable the pro-active health assessment and management of amphibians on Army installations and beyond, we investigated the effects of acute (96h)...

Author(s) : Gust, K. A.; Indest, K. J.; Lotufo, G.; Everman, S. J.; Jung, C. M.; Ballentine, M. L.; Hoke, A. V.; Sowe, B.; Gautam, A.; Hammamieh, R.; Ji Qing; Barker, N. D.

Publisher : Elsevier Inc, Orlando, USA

Journal article : Environmental Research 2021 Vol.192 ref.many


Histomorphology and immunohistochemistry of a congenital nephromegaly demonstrate concurrent features of heritable and acquired cystic nephropathies in a girgentana goat (Capra falconeri). Polycystic kidney diseases (PKD) represent frequent congenital and adult nephropathies in humans and domestic animals. This report illustrates an uncommon state of congenital PKD in a girgentana goat (Capra falconeri). A stillborn female goat kid was submitted for postmortem examination and...

Author(s) : Mayer, C.; Ormanns, S.; Majzoub-Altweck, M.

Publisher : Hindawi, London, UK

Journal article : Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine 2021 Vol.2021 No.8749158 ref.40

15. Hedgehogs in the waiting room.

Author(s) : Partridge, T.

Publisher : British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Quedgeley, UK

Journal article : Companion 2020 No.No.January pp.12-17

16. A survey and critical review of wombat diets in captivity.

Much of the literature on wombat diet is concerned only with the broad categories of consumed matter, and there is little about their specific nutritional requirements despite diet playing a major role in health. This study gathered information by surveying zoological parks and wildlife carers...

Author(s) : Stannard, H. J.; Purdy, K.; Old, J. M.

Publisher : CSIRO, Collingwood, Australia

Journal article : Australian Mammalogy 2021 Vol.43 No.1 pp.66-71 ref.32

17. Cheilitis associated with a novel herpesvirus in two panther chameleons (Furcifer pardalis).

Intracellular epidermal inclusions were detected within histological sections of skin biopsies from two panther chameleons (Furcifer pardalis) with chronic cheilitis. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirmed the abundant presence of icosahedral intracytoplasmic and intranuclear viral...

Author(s) : Hellebuyck, T.; Couck, L.; Ducatelle, R.; Broeck, W. van den; Marschang, R. E.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Comparative Pathology 2021 Vol.182 pp.58-66

18. Seasonal effect of land use management on gill histopathology of barbel and Douro nase in a Portuguese watershed.

The Vilariça River (located in the northeast of Portugal) is inserted in an agricultural basin and it was chosen to replace the spawning grounds for fish, that was lost due to the construction of dams in the Sabor River. Thus, it is essential to study the effect of agricultural practices on water...

Author(s) : Santos, R. M. B.; Monteiro, S. M.; Cortes, R. M. V.; Pacheco, F. A. L.; Fernandes, L. F. S.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2021 Vol.764

19. Skeletal pathology and bone mineral density changes in wild muskrats (Ondatra zibethicus) and red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) inhabiting arsenic polluted areas of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories (Canada): a radiographic densitometry study.

The City of Yellowknife is a known hotspot of arsenic contamination and there is a growing body of evidence suggesting that local wildlife in the vicinity of the abandoned Giant Mine site may be at risk of decreased bone mineralization and various bone disorders. The purpose of this study was to...

Author(s) : Amuno, S.; Shekh, K.; Kodzhahinchev, V.; Niyogi, S.; Al-Kaissi, A.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2021 Vol.208 ref.38

20. Hepatobiliary PAHs and prevalence of pathological changes in Red Snapper.

Red Snapper (Lutjanus campechanus) were collected throughout the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) from 2011 to 2017 and analyzed for biliary (n = 496) fluorescent aromatic compounds (FACs), hepatic (n = 297) polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and microscopic hepatobiliary changes (MHC, n = 152). Gross and ...

Author(s) : Pulster, E. L.; Fogelson, S.; Carr, B. E.; Mrowicki, J.; Murawski, S. A.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Aquatic Toxicology 2021 Vol.230

21. Spatiotemporal persistence of bat roadkill hotspots in response to dynamics of habitat suitability and activity patterns.

Wildlife roadkill hotspots are frequently used to identify priority locations for implementing mitigation measures. However, understanding the landscape-context and the spatial and temporal dynamics of these hotspots is challenging. Here, we investigate the factors that drive the spatiotemporal...

Author(s) : Medinas, D.; Marques, J. T.; Costa, P.; Santos, S.; Rebelo, H.; Barbosa, A. M.; Mira, A.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Environmental Management 2021 Vol.277 ref.many

22. Organochlorine compounds pose health risks to the Qinling Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca qinlingensis).

To assess organochlorine compound (OC) contamination, its possible sources, and adverse health impacts on giant pandas, we collected soil, bamboo, and panda fecal samples from the habitat and research center of the Qinling panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca qinlingensis) - the rarest recognized panda...

Author(s) : Zhao Yan; Chen YiPing; Macdonald, D. W.; Li Jun; Ma QingYi

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environmental Pollution 2021 Vol.273

23. Skin lesion prevalence of estuarine common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in North Carolina, with comparisons to other east coast study sites.

Common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) are sentinels of environmental health. Skin lesions may indicate disease and can be used to infer population health. We estimated the prevalence of skin lesions and identified major lesion types on coastal bottlenose dolphins in Roanoke Sound, North...

Author(s) : Taylor, J. S.; Hart, L. B.; Adams, J.

Publisher : Wiley, Boston, USA

Journal article : Marine Mammal Science 2021 Vol.37 No.1 pp.127-141

24. Characterizing transcriptomic responses of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) chronically exposed to Deepwater Horizon oiled sediments.

To obtain a deeper understanding of the transcriptomic responses to oil in southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma), we performed quantitative PCR and RNA sequencing on liver and gill tissue after a chronic exposure (35 days) to Deepwater Horizon crude oiled sediment and after a 30-day recovery ...

Author(s) : Rodgers, M. L.; Sherwood, T. A.; Tarnecki, A. M.; Griffitt, R. J.; Wetzel, D. L.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Aquatic Toxicology 2021 Vol.230

25. Genomic investigations of acute munitions exposures on the health and skin microbiome composition of leopard frog (Rana pipiens) tadpoles.

Natural communities of microbes inhabiting amphibian skin, the skin microbiome, are critical to supporting amphibian health and disease resistance. To enable the pro-active health assessment and management of amphibians on Army installations and beyond, we investigated the effects of acute (96h)...

Author(s) : Gust, K. A.; Indest, K. J.; Lotufo, G.; Everman, S. J.; Jung, C. M.; Ballentine, M. L.; Hoke, A. V.; Sowe, B.; Gautam, A.; Hammamieh, R.; Ji Qing; Barker, N. D.

Publisher : Elsevier Inc, Orlando, USA

Journal article : Environmental Research 2021 Vol.192 ref.many