Search results: 64,579 results (approx.)

1. Proximate causes and ultimate effects of common antidepressants, fluoxetine and venlafaxine, on fish behavior.

Antidepressant (AD) drugs are widely prescribed for the treatment of psychiatric disorders, including depression and anxiety disorders. The continuous use of ADs causes significant quantities of these bioactive chemicals to enter the aquatic ecosystems mainly through wastewater effluent discharge....

Author(s) : Salahinejad, A.; Attaran, A.; Meuthen, D.; Chivers, D. P.; Niyogi, S.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2022 Vol.807 No.Part 2

2. Buccal tube dimensions and prey preferences in predatory tardigrades.

Tardigrades are ubiquitous microfauna that act as consumers and predators in soil food webs. Several studies have suggested that tardigrades have great potential to control nematode populations. However, the regulatory function of tardigrades depends on many factors, including their feeding...

Author(s) : Tumová, M.; Stec, D.; Michalczyk, L.; Devetter, M.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Applied Soil Ecology 2022 Vol.170 ref.42

3. The closer the better: sensory tools and host-association in blood-sucking insects.

Many hematophagous insects acquire medical and veterinary relevance because they transmit disease causing pathogens to humans. Hematophagy is only fulfilled once a blood feeder successfully locates a vertebrate host by means of fine sensory systems. In nature, blood-sucking insects can exploit...

Author(s) : Ortega-Insaurralde, I.; Barrozo, R. B.

Publisher : Elsevier Ireland Ltd, Shannon, Irish Republic

Journal article : Journal of Insect Physiology 2022 Vol.136 ref.141

4. Behavioural and physiological regulation of protein and carbohydrates in mealworm larvae: a geometric analysis.

Protein-carbohydrate regulation in the larvae of the mealworm beetle (Tenebrio molitor L.) was analyzed using the Geometric Framework for nutrition. In this study, the ingestive and post-ingestive responses were measured from T. molitor larvae that were subjected to choice and no-choice...

Author(s) : Rho MyungSuk; Lee KwangPum

Publisher : Elsevier Ireland Ltd, Shannon, Irish Republic

Journal article : Journal of Insect Physiology 2022 Vol.136 ref.57

5. Thermal boldness: volunteer exploration of extreme temperatures in fruit flies.

A dominant perception is that small and motile ectothermic animals must use behavior to avoid exposure to critical or sub-critical temperatures impairing physiological performance. Concomitantly, volunteer exploration of extreme environments by some individuals may promote physiological adjustments ...

Author(s) : Navas, C. A.; Agudelo-Cantero, G. A.; Loeschcke, V.

Publisher : Elsevier Ireland Ltd, Shannon, Irish Republic

Journal article : Journal of Insect Physiology 2022 Vol.136 ref.49

6. Effects of common environmental endocrine-disrupting chemicals on zebrafish behavior.

Environmental endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), a type of exogenous organic pollutants, are ubiquitous in natural aquatic environments. Therefor, this review focused on the use of the zebrafish as a model to explore the effect of different EDCs on behavior, as well as the molecular mechanisms...

Author(s) : Tao Yue; Li ZiXu; Yang Yang; Jiao YaQi; Qu JianHua; Wang YiFan; Zhang Ying

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Water Research (Oxford) 2022 Vol.208 ref.230

7. Heritability of dispersal in a rapidly spreading invasive spider.

Dispersal is an inseparable feature of animal life and a major determinant of species distributions and range dynamics. However, the role of the genetic architecture of dispersal behaviour, and hence the potential for its evolution in range-expanding species, is poorly understood. Here, we aimed to ...

Author(s) : Narimanov, N.; Bonte, D.; Entling, M. H.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Animal Behaviour 2022 Vol.183 pp.93-101 ref.80

8. Fasting increases shelter use in house crickets (Acheta domesticus).

Fasting, i.e. depriving the animals of food prior to harvesting, has been practised in the production of house crickets (Acheta domesticus). However, the effectiveness of this method in reducing microbial loads is still unclear. In addition, there may be costs of fasting to the organism, which...

Author(s) : Vossen, L. E.; Roman, E.; Jansson, A.

Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Insects as Food and Feed 2022 Vol.8 No.1 pp.5-8 ref.25

9. Artificial light at night and anthropogenic noise alter the foraging activity and structure of vertebrate communities.

Light and noise pollution from human activity are increasing at a dramatic rate. These sensory stimuli can have a wide range of effects on animal behavior, reproductive success, and physiology. However, less is known about the functional and community-level consequences of these sensory pollutants, ...

Author(s) : Willems, J. S.; Phillips, J. N.; Francis, C. D.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2022 Vol.805 ref.61

10. Direct and indirect effects of chronic exposure to ammonium on anuran larvae survivorship, morphology, and swimming speed.

Several constituents of the current global change are usually deemed accountable for the worldwide declines of amphibian populations. Among these, water contamination poses a major threat, especially to larval stages, which are unable to escape a polluted water body. This problem is remarkable in...

Author(s) : Zambrano-Fernández, S.; Zamora-Camacho, F. J.; Aragón, P.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Chemosphere 2022 Vol.287 No.Part 3 ref.116

11. OpenFOAM vs FLOW-3D: a comparative study of vertical slot fishway modelling.

The objective of this study is to make a comparison between two 3D CFD platforms: OpenFOAM (free and open-source CFD software) and FLOW-3D (closed source commercial CFD software), focusing on vertical slot fishways, one of the most widespread solutions to facilitate the fish migration through...

Author(s) : Fuentes-Pérez, J. F.; Quaresma, A. L.; Pinheiro, A.; Sanz-Ronda, F. J.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Ecological Engineering 2022 Vol.174 ref.48

12. Swimming behavior of juvenile silver carp near the separation zone of a channel confluence.

Knowledge of locomotion of fish near river confluences is important for prediction of fish distribution in a river network. The flow separation zone near the confluence of a river network is a favorite habitat and feeding place for silver carp, which is one of the four major species of Chinese carp ...

Author(s) : Yuan SaiYu; Xu Lei; Tang HongWu; Xiao Yang; Whittaker, C.

Publisher : International Research and Training Centre on Erosion and Sedimentation, Beijing, China

Journal article : International Journal of Sediment Research 2022 Vol.37 No.1 pp.122-127 ref.42

13. Soil chemical properties in glacial moraines across a chronosequence influenced by avifauna and volcanic materials: Breiðamerkurjökull, Iceland.

Seabird's role in the soil landscape evolution can be dramatic, specifically where they establish colonies. Loose colonies allow for point-centered input from avifauna at Breiðamerkurjökull glacier outwash plane in SE-Iceland. The birds utilize the open area within the deglaciated fore-land for...

Author(s) : Turner-Meservy, C.; Vilmundardóttir, O. K.; Lal, R.; Gísladóttir, G.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Catena 2022 Vol.209 No.Part 2 ref.75

14. Do seasonal dietary shifts by Temminck's pangolins compensate for winter resource scarcity in a semi-arid environment?

In response to food scarcity, animals may increase foraging time or shift their diet by including more profitable prey items. Aardvarks (Orycteropus afer) in the semi-arid Kalahari region of southern Africa died, apparently of starvation, because they did not shift their diet when their primary...

Author(s) : Panaino, W.; Parrini, F.; Phakoago, M. V.; Smith, D.; Dyk, G. van; Fuller, A.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Arid Environments 2022 Vol.197 ref.51

15. The rolling dung master: an ecosystem engineer beetle mobilizing soil nutrients to enhance plant growth across a grassland management intensity gradient in drylands.

Dryland cattle pastures often yield sub-optimal economic returns while it intervenes with natural ecosystems functioning. Dung beetles improve soil conditions but little is known about how their functioning changes with different land management intensities. We assessed the role of the telecoprid...

Author(s) : Barragán, F.; Douterlungne, D.; Ramírez-Hernández, A.; Gelviz-Gelvez, S. M.; Guzmán Miranda, A. V.; Rodas Ortíz, J. P.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Arid Environments 2022 Vol.197 ref.63

16. Band movement and thermoregulation in Schistocerca cancellata.

At high density, juvenile locusts create marching hopper bands. Understanding the roles of temperature and vegetation on the movement of these bands shall allow to better forecast and control them. Following a hopper band in North Argentina in November 2019, we explored the thermoregulation...

Author(s) : Piou, C.; Zagaglia, G.; Medina, H. E.; Trumper, E.; Brizuela, X. R.; Maeno, K. O.

Publisher : Elsevier Ireland Ltd, Shannon, Irish Republic

Journal article : Journal of Insect Physiology 2022 Vol.136 ref.58

17. Diet and food selection by fish larvae in turbid and clear water shallow temperate lakes.

Fish larvae play an important structuring role for their prey and show ontogenetic shifts in diet. Changes in diet differ between species and habitats and may also be affected by turbidity (eutrophication). We investigated the diet (stomach content) and the food selection (ratio of ingested prey...

Author(s) : Trochine, C.; Risholt, C.; Schou, M. O.; Lauridsen, T. L.; Jacobsen, L.; Skov, C.; Søndergaard, M.; Berg, S.; Christoffersen, K. S.; Jeppesen, E.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2022 Vol.804 ref.63

18. Species and speciation.

This chapter discusses two species models, which are diametrically opposed. The first, often called the 'biological species concept', defines species in terms of 'reproductive isolation', convinced that species arise when subsets of a population are split off and remain geographically isolated over ...

Author(s) : Drew, R. A. I.; Romig, M. C.

Book chapter : The fruit fly fauna (Diptera: Tephritideae: Dacinae) of Papua New Guinea, Indonesian Papua, Associated Islands and Bougainville 2022 pp.7-8

19. Mercury and stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in the Natal fur of two Antarctic pinniped species.

Southern elephant seal (SES) and Antarctic fur seal (AFS) are short Southern Ocean food web top predators and are spatial and temporal trend bioindicators of Antarctic Hg bioavailability. Hg, stable isotope composition (δ 13C and δ 15N) and trophic position (TP) regarding sex were determined using...

Author(s) : Kehrig, H. A.; Hauser-Davis, R. A.; Muelbert, M. M. C.; Almeida, M. G.; Beneditto, A. P. M. di; Rezende, C. E.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Chemosphere 2022 Vol.288 No.Part 2 ref.53

20. Context-dependent foraging habitat selection in a farmland raptor along an agricultural intensification gradient.

Gradients of agricultural intensification in agroecosystems may determine uneven resource availability for predators relying on these man-made habitats. In turn, these variations in resource availability may affect predators' habitat selection patterns, resulting in context-dependent habitat...

Author(s) : Assandri, G.; Cecere, J. G.; Sarà, M.; Catoni, C.; Pascalis, F. de; Morinay, J.; Berlusconi, A.; Cioccarelli, S.; Mercogliano, A.; Pazhera, A.; Terras, A.; Imperio, S.; Morganti, M.; Rubolini, D.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 2022 Vol.326 ref.111

21. Undestroyed winter cover crop strip in maize fields supports ground-dwelling arthropods and predation.

Intensification of agriculture, with landscape simplification and reduction of natural habitats, is known to contribute to the decline of arthropods. Implementation of agroecological practices and infrastructures in current cropping systems is expected to mitigate this biodiversity loss and provide ...

Author(s) : Triquet, C.; Roume, A.; Tolon, V.; Wezel, A.; Ferrer, A.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 2022 Vol.326 ref.76

22. Development of a continental shelf acoustic telemetry array to support behavioral research of fish in a high energy ocean environment.

Acoustic tracking technology supports the study of behavioral patterns of finfish species over long periods and for long distances across coastal and marine environments. Our research program on elasmobranch movements required deployment of an acoustic array in a high-energy, continental shelf...

Author(s) : Cudney, J. L.; Bangley, C. W.; Dell'Apa, A.; Diaddorio, E.; Rulifson, R. A.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Fisheries Research 2022 Vol.247 ref.68

23. Ocean acidification alters anti-predator responses in a competitive dominant intertidal mussel.

Widespread intertidal mussels are exposed to a variety of natural and anthropogenic stressors. Even so, our understanding of the combined influence of stressors such as predation risk and ocean acidification (OA) on these species remains limited. This study examined the response of the purple...

Author(s) : Jahnsen-Guzmán, N.; Lagos, N. A.; Quijón, P. A.; Manríquez, P. H.; Lardies, M. A.; Fernández, C.; Reyes, M.; Zapata, J.; García-Huidobro, M. R.; Labra, F. A.; Duarte, C.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Chemosphere 2022 Vol.288 No.Part 1 ref.108

24. Invasion of alien slugs in disturbed habitats: role of behavioural phenotype, plasticity and interspecific competition.

Habitat disturbance can promote the invasion success of alien species, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear, especially in animal species. Alien species may have trait values that facilitate invasion (ideal weed hypothesis) or greater phenotypic plasticity than native species (plasticity...

Author(s) : Mazaleyrat, A.; Lorenzetti, F.; Dupuch, A.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Animal Behaviour 2022 Vol.183 pp.29-40 ref.73

25. Impacts of an invasive species (Anolis sagrei) on social and spatial behaviours of a native congener (Anolis carolinensis).

Interspecific aggression has important fitness consequences across the animal kingdom and can be especially important during species invasions, where asymmetric interactions between native and invasive species can lead to native species declines. We investigated the immediate behavioural...

Author(s) : Bush, J. M.; Ellison, M.; Simberloff, D.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Animal Behaviour 2022 Vol.183 pp.177-188 ref.70