Search results: 74,236 results (approx.)

1. Hepatitis E virus: host tropism and zoonotic infection.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV), the causative agent of hepatitis E, is an understudied but important pathogen. HEV typically causes self-limiting acute viral hepatitis, however chronic infection with neurological and other extrahepatic manifestations has increasingly become a significant clinical problem. ...

Author(s) : Wang Bo; Meng XiangJin

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Current Opinion in Microbiology 2021 Vol.59 pp.8-15

2. Complete genome sequence of a rhabdovirus strain from Culex mosquitos collected in southern Switzerland.

We report here the full-length genome sequence of a rhabdovirus strain detected in a pool of 21 Culex pipiens and Culex torrentium mosquitos collected in southern Switzerland. The genome has a length of 11,914 nucleotides and encodes five major putative open reading frames.

Author(s) : Kubacki, J.; Hardmeier, I.; Qi WeiHong; Flacio, E.; Tonolla, M.; Fraefel, C.

Publisher : American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA

Journal article : Microbiology Resource Announcements 2021 Vol.10 No.1 ref.7

3. Tick-borne diseases and co-infection: current considerations.

Over recent years, a multitude of pathogens have been reported to be tick-borne. Given this, it is unsurprising that these might co-exist within the same tick, however our understanding of the interactions of these agents both within the tick and vertebrate host remains poorly defined. Despite the...

Author(s) : Cutler, S. J.; Vayssier-Taussat, M.; Estrada-Peña, A.; Potkonjak, A.; Mihalca, A. D.; Zeller, H.

Publisher : Elsevier GmbH, Munich, Germany

Journal article : Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases 2021 Vol.12 No.1

4. Molecular identification of new circulating Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum from sheep and goats in Duhok Governorate, Iraq.

there was no such study done on identification of tick species by PCR technique in in Duhok Governorate, therefore present study was done to identify tick species by using molecular study by using of 16S rRNA and DNA sequencing. About 1000 ticks were collected from both sheep and goat, form Duhok...

Author(s) : Ismael, S. S.; Omer, L. T.

Publisher : College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq

Journal article : Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences 2021 Vol.35 No.1 pp.79-83 ref.20

5. Mosquito defensin facilitates Japanese encephalitis virus infection by downregulating the C6/36 cell-surface antiviral protein HSC70B.

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a viral zoonosis that can cause viral encephalitis, death and disability whose primary vector is the Culex mosquito. Viral infection induces a series of antimicrobial peptide responses in mosquitoes, and the effector defensin enhances JEV replication in...

Author(s) : Liu Ke; Hou FengXiang; Wahaab, A.; Kang Lei; Xie FengYu; Ma XiaoChun; Xia QiQi; Xiao ChangGuang; Shao DongHua; Li BeiBei; Wei JianChao; Qiu YaFeng; Zhu HuaiMin; Ma ZhiYong

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Veterinary Microbiology 2021 Vol.253

6. Pro-inflammatory response induced by the venom of Parachartergus fraternus wasp.

The sting of different wasp species triggers local and systemic reactions in victims that can lead to death. Parachartergus fraternus is responsible for frequent accidents in Latin America; however, few studies have been conducted on this insect and its venom. In this study, the inflammatory...

Author(s) : Muller, J. A. I.; Moslaves, I. S. B.; Oliveira, E. J. T.; Portugal, L. C.; Oliveira, R. J.; Mortari, M. R.; Toffoli-Kadri, M. C.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Toxicon 2021 Vol.190 pp.11-19

7. Love bites - do venomous arachnids make safe pets?

With a global estimate of tens of thousands of arachnid enthusiasts, spiders and scorpions are gaining increasing popularity as pets in industrialised countries in Europe, Northern America and Asia. As most spiders and all scorpions are venomous and due to their mostly negative image in the public...

Author(s) : Hauke, T. J.; Herzig, V.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Toxicon 2021 Vol.190 pp.65-72

8. Patterns of flea infestation in rodents and insectivores from intensified agro-ecosystems, northwest Spain.

Fleas frequently infest small mammals and play important vectoring roles in the epidemiology of (re)emerging zoonotic disease. Rodent outbreaks in intensified agro-ecosystems of North-West Spain have been recently linked to periodic zoonotic diseases spillover to local human populations. Obtaining...

Author(s) : Herrero-Cófreces, S.; Flechoso, M. F.; Rodríguez-Pastor, R.; Luque-Larena, J. J.; Mougeot François

Publisher : BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK

Journal article : Parasites and Vectors 2021 Vol.14 No.16

9. Artificial light and biting flies: the parallel development of attractive light traps and unattractive domestic lights.

Light trapping is an important tool for monitoring insect populations. This is especially true for biting Diptera, where light traps play a crucial role in disease surveillance by tracking the presence and abundance of vector species. Physiological and behavioural data have been instrumental in...

Author(s) : Wilson, R.; Wakefield, A.; Roberts, N.; Jones, G.

Publisher : BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK

Journal article : Parasites and Vectors 2021 Vol.14 No.28 ref.116

10. The apical cell - an enigmatic somatic cell in leech ovaries - structure and putative functions.

Although somatic cells play an integral role in animal gametogenesis, their organization and function are usually poorly characterized, especially in non-model systems. One such example is a peculiar cell found in leech ovaries - the apical cell (AC). A single AC can be found at the apical tip of...

Author(s) : Gorgon, S.; Swiatek, P.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Developmental Biology 2021 Vol.469 pp.111-124

11. Role of abandoned and vacant houses on Aedes aegypti productivity.

The control of container Aedes species by house inspections usually achieves insufficient coverage and impact because a percentage of residents are absent and some residents refuse inspections and treatments. In addition, another fraction of the buildings may be uninhabited, such as those for rent...

Author(s) : Barrera, R.; Acevedo, V.; Amador, M.

Publisher : American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Deerfield, USA

Journal article : American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2021 Vol.104 No.1 pp.145-150 ref.32

12. The direct and indirect effects of copper on vector-borne disease dynamics.

Metal pollution is a growing concern that affects the health of humans and animals globally. Copper is an essential insect micronutrient required for respiration, pigmentation and oxidative stress protection but can also act as a potentially toxic trace element. While several studies have focused...

Author(s) : Neff, E.; Dharmarajan, G.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environmental Pollution 2021 Vol.269

13. Green-synthesized metal nanoparticles for mosquito control: a systematic review about their toxicity on non-target organisms.

Studies capturing the high efficiency of green-synthesized metal nanoparticles (NPs) in targeting mosquito vectors of the world's main infectious diseases suggest the NPs' possible utilization as bio-insecticides. However, it is necessary to confirm that these potential bio-insecticides are not...

Author(s) : Kojom Foko, L. P.; Eya'ane Meva, F.; Eboumbou Moukoko, C. E.; Ntoumba, A. A.; Ekoko, W. E.; Ebanda Kedi Belle, P.; Ndjouondo, G. P.; Bunda, G. W.; Lehman, L. G.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Acta Tropica 2021 Vol.214

14. Gliding motility protein limp promotes optimal mosquito midgut traversal and infection by Plasmodium berghei.

Substrate-dependent gliding motility is key to malaria transmission. It mediates host cell traversal, invasion and infection by Plasmodium and related apicomplexan parasites. The 110 amino acid-long cell surface protein LIMP is essential for P. berghei sporozoites where it is required for the...

Author(s) : Egarter, S.; Santos, J. M.; Kehrer, J.; Sattler, J.; Frischknecht, F.; Mair, G. R.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 2021 Vol.241 ref.22

15. An introduction to the scorpions of Gotvand county, Khuzestan province, south west of Iran.

Scorpionism is a world-wide phenomenon, but it is a considerable health problem in the tropical and subtropicalregions. Scorpion envenomation is an important health problem in some regions of Iran especially in South-West. Therefore, the present research study as a part of a MSc thesis was...

Author(s) : Kalantari, H.; Vazirianzadeh, B.; Fard, M. S.; Fard, E. J.

Publisher : Connect Journals, Ghaziabad, India

Journal article : Journal of Experimental Zoology, India 2021 Vol.24 No.1 pp.415-417 ref.9

16. Genome-wide identification of Aedes albopictus long noncoding RNAs and their association with dengue and Zika virus infection.

The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Ae. albopictus), is an important vector that transmits arboviruses such as dengue (DENV), Zika (ZIKV) and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV). Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to regulate various biological processes. Knowledge on Ae. albopictus lncRNAs and...

Author(s) : Azali Azlan; Obeidat, S. M.; Kumitaa Theva Das; Muhammad Amir Yunus; Ghows Azzam

Publisher : Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2021 Vol.15 No.1 ref.83

17. Aedes aegypti post-emergence transcriptome: unveiling the molecular basis for the hematophagic and gonotrophic capacitation.

The adult females of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are facultative hematophagous insects but they are unable to feed on blood right after pupae emergence. The maturation process that takes place during the first post-emergence days, hereafter named hematophagic and gonotrophic capacitation, comprises a...

Author(s) : Carvalho, S. S. de; Rodovalho, C. M.; Gaviraghi, A.; Mota, M. B. S.; Jablonka, W.; Rocha-Santos, C.; Nunes, R. D.; Sá-Guimarães, T. da E.; Oliveira, D. S.; Melo, A. C. A.; Moreira, M. F.; Fampa, P.; Oliveira, M. F.; Silva Neto, M. A. C. da; Mesquita, R. D.; Atella, G. C.

Publisher : Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2021 Vol.15 No.1 ref.106

18. Comorbidities and cofactors of anaphylaxis in patients with moderate to severe anaphylaxis. analysis of data from the anaphylaxis registry for West Pomerania province, Poland.

Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially life-threatening systemic hypersensitivity reaction that is still rarely diagnosed. For safety reasons, patients should visit an allergologist to identify potential causes and cofactors of this reaction. This paper presents the analysis of data from the...

Author(s) : Poziomkowska-Gęsicka, I.; Kostrzewska, M.; Kurek, M.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2021 Vol.18 No.1 ref.99

19. Effects of larval rearing substrates on some life-table parameters of Lutzomyia longipalpis sand flies.

Sand flies are the insects responsible for transmitting Leishmania parasites, the causative agents of leishmaniasis in humans. However, the effects of sand fly breeding sites on their biology and ecology remain poorly understood. Herein, we studied how larval nutrition associated with putative...

Author(s) : Martins, K. A.; Meirelles, M. H. de A.; Mota, T. F.; Abbasi, I.; Queiroz, A. T. L. de; Brodskyn, C. I.; Veras, P. S. T.; Fraga, D. B. M.; Warburg, A.

Publisher : Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2021 Vol.15 No.1 ref.57

20. ATG5 is instrumental in the transition from autophagy to apoptosis during the degeneration of tick salivary glands.

Female tick salivary glands undergo rapid degeneration several days post engorgement. This degeneration may be caused by the increased concentration of ecdysone in the hemolymph during the fast feeding period and both autophagy and apoptosis occur. In this work, we first proved autophagy-related...

Author(s) : Wang YanAn; Zhang HouShuang; Luo Li; Zhou YongZhi; Cao Jie; Xuan XueNan; Suzuki, H.; Zhou JinLin

Publisher : Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2021 Vol.15 No.1 ref.70

21. Targeting malaria hotspots to reduce transmission incidence in Senegal.

In central Senegal, malaria incidence declined in response to scaling-up of control measures from 2000 to 2010 and has since remained stable, making elimination unlikely in the short term. Additional control measures are needed to reduce transmission. We simulated chemoprophylaxis interventions...

Author(s) : Sallah, K.; Giorgi, R.; Ba, E. H.; Piarroux, M.; Piarroux, R.; Cisse, B.; Gaudart, J.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2021 Vol.18 No.1 ref.49

22. Variable bites and dynamic populations; new insights in Leishmania transmission.

Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease which kills an estimated 50,000 people each year, with its deadly impact confined mainly to lower to middle income countries. Leishmania parasites are transmitted to human hosts by sand fly vectors during blood feeding. Recent experimental work shows...

Author(s) : Carmichael, S.; Powell, B.; Hoare, T.; Walrad, P. B.; Pitchford, J. W.

Publisher : Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2021 Vol.15 No.1 ref.28

23. Insects, rodents, and pets as reservoirs, vectors, and sentinels of antimicrobial resistance.

This paper reviews the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in insects, rodents, and pets. Insects (e.g., houseflies, cockroaches), rodents (rats, mice), and pets (dogs, cats) act as reservoirs of AMR for first-line and last-resort antimicrobial agents. AMR proliferates in insects, rodents, ...

Author(s) : Gwenzi, W.; Chaukura, N.; Muisa-Zikali Norah; Teta, C.; Musvuugwa, T.; Rzymski, P.; Abia AkebeLutherKing

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Antibiotics 2021 Vol.10 No.1 ref.276

24. Development and application of aerobic, chemically defined media for Dysgonomonas.

Members of Dysgonomonas are Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, facultatively anaerobic coccobacilli originally described in relation to their isolation from stool and wounds of human patients (CDC group DF-3). More recently, Dysgonomonas have been found to be widely distributed in terrestrial...

Author(s) : Bridges, C. M.; Gage, D. J.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Anaerobe 2021 Vol.67

25. Sensitization rates to common inhaled allergens in Germany - increase and change patterns over the last 20 years.

Background: Sensitization rates to aeroallergens are rising worldwide. The prevalence is increasing, especially in Western countries. We aimed to investigate (1) sensitization rates and (2) cross-sensitization patterns in skin prick tests (SPTs) for the most relevant inhaled allergens in central...

Author(s) : Beutner, C.; Werchan, B.; Forkel, S.; Sidhi Gupta; Fuchs, T.; Schön, M. P.; Geier, J.; Buhl, T.

Publisher : Wiley, Berlin, Germany

Journal article : JDDG - Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft 2021 Vol.19 No.1 pp.37-44 ref.44


An introduction to the scorpions of Gotvand county, Khuzestan province, south west of Iran. Scorpionism is a world-wide phenomenon, but it is a considerable health problem in the tropical and subtropicalregions. Scorpion envenomation is an important health problem in some regions of Iran especially in South-West. Therefore, the present research study as a part of a MSc thesis was...

Author(s) : Kalantari, H.; Vazirianzadeh, B.; Fard, M. S.; Fard, E. J.

Publisher : Connect Journals, Ghaziabad, India

Journal article : Journal of Experimental Zoology, India 2021 Vol.24 No.1 pp.415-417 ref.9

16. Genome-wide identification of Aedes albopictus long noncoding RNAs and their association with dengue and Zika virus infection.

The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Ae. albopictus), is an important vector that transmits arboviruses such as dengue (DENV), Zika (ZIKV) and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV). Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to regulate various biological processes. Knowledge on Ae. albopictus lncRNAs and...

Author(s) : Azali Azlan; Obeidat, S. M.; Kumitaa Theva Das; Muhammad Amir Yunus; Ghows Azzam

Publisher : Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2021 Vol.15 No.1 ref.83

17. Aedes aegypti post-emergence transcriptome: unveiling the molecular basis for the hematophagic and gonotrophic capacitation.

The adult females of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are facultative hematophagous insects but they are unable to feed on blood right after pupae emergence. The maturation process that takes place during the first post-emergence days, hereafter named hematophagic and gonotrophic capacitation, comprises a...

Author(s) : Carvalho, S. S. de; Rodovalho, C. M.; Gaviraghi, A.; Mota, M. B. S.; Jablonka, W.; Rocha-Santos, C.; Nunes, R. D.; Sá-Guimarães, T. da E.; Oliveira, D. S.; Melo, A. C. A.; Moreira, M. F.; Fampa, P.; Oliveira, M. F.; Silva Neto, M. A. C. da; Mesquita, R. D.; Atella, G. C.

Publisher : Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2021 Vol.15 No.1 ref.106

18. Comorbidities and cofactors of anaphylaxis in patients with moderate to severe anaphylaxis. analysis of data from the anaphylaxis registry for West Pomerania province, Poland.

Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially life-threatening systemic hypersensitivity reaction that is still rarely diagnosed. For safety reasons, patients should visit an allergologist to identify potential causes and cofactors of this reaction. This paper presents the analysis of data from the...

Author(s) : Poziomkowska-Gęsicka, I.; Kostrzewska, M.; Kurek, M.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2021 Vol.18 No.1 ref.99

19. Effects of larval rearing substrates on some life-table parameters of Lutzomyia longipalpis sand flies.

Sand flies are the insects responsible for transmitting Leishmania parasites, the causative agents of leishmaniasis in humans. However, the effects of sand fly breeding sites on their biology and ecology remain poorly understood. Herein, we studied how larval nutrition associated with putative...

Author(s) : Martins, K. A.; Meirelles, M. H. de A.; Mota, T. F.; Abbasi, I.; Queiroz, A. T. L. de; Brodskyn, C. I.; Veras, P. S. T.; Fraga, D. B. M.; Warburg, A.

Publisher : Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2021 Vol.15 No.1 ref.57

20. ATG5 is instrumental in the transition from autophagy to apoptosis during the degeneration of tick salivary glands.

Female tick salivary glands undergo rapid degeneration several days post engorgement. This degeneration may be caused by the increased concentration of ecdysone in the hemolymph during the fast feeding period and both autophagy and apoptosis occur. In this work, we first proved autophagy-related...

Author(s) : Wang YanAn; Zhang HouShuang; Luo Li; Zhou YongZhi; Cao Jie; Xuan XueNan; Suzuki, H.; Zhou JinLin

Publisher : Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2021 Vol.15 No.1 ref.70

21. Targeting malaria hotspots to reduce transmission incidence in Senegal.

In central Senegal, malaria incidence declined in response to scaling-up of control measures from 2000 to 2010 and has since remained stable, making elimination unlikely in the short term. Additional control measures are needed to reduce transmission. We simulated chemoprophylaxis interventions...

Author(s) : Sallah, K.; Giorgi, R.; Ba, E. H.; Piarroux, M.; Piarroux, R.; Cisse, B.; Gaudart, J.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2021 Vol.18 No.1 ref.49

22. Variable bites and dynamic populations; new insights in Leishmania transmission.

Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease which kills an estimated 50,000 people each year, with its deadly impact confined mainly to lower to middle income countries. Leishmania parasites are transmitted to human hosts by sand fly vectors during blood feeding. Recent experimental work shows...

Author(s) : Carmichael, S.; Powell, B.; Hoare, T.; Walrad, P. B.; Pitchford, J. W.

Publisher : Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2021 Vol.15 No.1 ref.28

23. Insects, rodents, and pets as reservoirs, vectors, and sentinels of antimicrobial resistance.

This paper reviews the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in insects, rodents, and pets. Insects (e.g., houseflies, cockroaches), rodents (rats, mice), and pets (dogs, cats) act as reservoirs of AMR for first-line and last-resort antimicrobial agents. AMR proliferates in insects, rodents, ...

Author(s) : Gwenzi, W.; Chaukura, N.; Muisa-Zikali Norah; Teta, C.; Musvuugwa, T.; Rzymski, P.; Abia AkebeLutherKing

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Antibiotics 2021 Vol.10 No.1 ref.276

24. Development and application of aerobic, chemically defined media for Dysgonomonas.

Members of Dysgonomonas are Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, facultatively anaerobic coccobacilli originally described in relation to their isolation from stool and wounds of human patients (CDC group DF-3). More recently, Dysgonomonas have been found to be widely distributed in terrestrial...

Author(s) : Bridges, C. M.; Gage, D. J.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Anaerobe 2021 Vol.67

25. Sensitization rates to common inhaled allergens in Germany - increase and change patterns over the last 20 years.

Background: Sensitization rates to aeroallergens are rising worldwide. The prevalence is increasing, especially in Western countries. We aimed to investigate (1) sensitization rates and (2) cross-sensitization patterns in skin prick tests (SPTs) for the most relevant inhaled allergens in central...

Author(s) : Beutner, C.; Werchan, B.; Forkel, S.; Sidhi Gupta; Fuchs, T.; Schön, M. P.; Geier, J.; Buhl, T.

Publisher : Wiley, Berlin, Germany

Journal article : JDDG - Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft 2021 Vol.19 No.1 pp.37-44 ref.44