Search results: 336,373 results (approx.)

1. In silico approach for the identification of potential targets and specific antimicrobials for Streptococcus mutans.

Tooth decay affects most of the population in developed countries. The multifactorial etiology of the disease includes multiple bacterial species, S. mutans is the main pathogen associated with the disease. This bacterium adheres to the tooth surface and allows the colonization of other...

Author(s) : Silva, A. C. B. da; Silva, D. R. da; Ferreira, S. A. de M.; Agripino, G. G.; Albuquerque, A. R.; Rêgo, T. G. do

Publisher : Scientific Research Publishing, Irvine, USA

Journal article : Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology 2014 Vol.5 No.4 pp.373-385 ref.104

2. Dual chamber pacemaker implantation in dogs with atrioventricular block.

Background: Pacemaker implantation is the treatment of choice for symptomatic bradyarrhythmias. In dogs, a single chamber system is commonly used. In human patients with high-grade 2nd- or 3rd-degree atrioventricular (AV) block, physiologic pacing is recommended, because it improves cardiac output, ...

Author(s) : Hildebrandt, N.; Stertmann, W. A.; Wehner, M.; Schneider, I.; Neu, H.; Schneider, M.

Publisher : Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 2009 Vol.23 No.1 pp.31-38 ref.41

4. Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry identification of proanthocyanidins in rat plasma after oral administration of grape seed extract.

Proanthocyanidin rich plant extracts derived from grape seed extract (GSE), hawthorn and cranberry are on markets for their preventive effects against cardiovascular diseases and uroinfections in woman. However, the importance of these health beneficial effects of these botanicals remains elusive...

Author(s) : Prasain, J. K.; Peng, N.; Dai, Y. Y.; Moore, R.; Arabshahi, A.; Wilson, L.; Barnes, S.; Wyss, J. M.; Kim, H.; Watts, R. L.

Publisher : Elsevier GmbH, Jena, Germany

Journal article : Phytomedicine 2009 Vol.16 No.2/3 pp.233-243 ref.34

5. Babesia microti-group parasites compared phylogenetically by complete sequencing of the CCTη gene in 36 isolates.

Babesia microti, the erythroparasitic cause of human babesiosis, has long been taken to be a single species because classification by parasite morphology and host spectrum blurred distinctions between the parasites. Phylogenetic analyses of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene (18S rDNA) and, more recently,...

Author(s) : Nakajima, R.; Tsuji, M.; Oda, K.; Zamoto-Niikura, A.; Wei QiAng; Kawabuchi-Kurata, T.; Nishida, A.; Ishihara, C.

Publisher : Japanese Society of Veterinary Science, Tokyo, Japan

Journal article : Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 2009 Vol.71 No.1 pp.55-68 ref.44

6. Anti-atherogenic effects of centipede acidic protein in rats fed an atherogenic diet.

Aim of the study: To investigate the effects of centipede acidic protein (CAP) on atherosclerotic rats and the mechanisms involved. Materials and methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: control, atherosclerotic, low-dose CAP (L-CAP), high-dose CAP (H-CAP) and...

Author(s) : Wu YanLing; Li JunYun; Wang Jusu; Si QiuJu; Zhang JianPing; Jiang Ye; Chu Li

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2009 Vol.122 No.3 pp.509-516 ref.34

7. The anti-ulcerogenic effects of Curatella americana L.

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Curatella americana L. (Dilleneaceae) is a medicinal plant very frequently cited as acting against gastrointestinal disorders in ethnopharmacological inventories of the Cerrado region of Brazil. Aim of the study: The ethanolic extract (CEB) and infusion (BI) of ...

Author(s) : Hiruma-Lima, C. A.; Rodrigues, C. M.; Kushima, H.; Moraes, T. M.; Lolis, S. de F.; Feitosa, S. B.; Magri, L. P.; Soares, F. R.; Cola, M. M.; Andrade, F. D. P.; Vilegas, W.; Brito, A. R. M. S.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2009 Vol.121 No.3 pp.425-432 ref.47

8. A novel mechanism: Erxian Decoction, a Chinese medicine formula, for relieving menopausal syndrome.

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Many clinical and experimental reports demonstrated that Erxian Decoction (EXD) was effective in relieving menopausal syndrome. Aim of the study: The mechanisms of action of EXD were explored on the endocrine and antioxidant regimen. Materials and methods: Menopause...

Author(s) : Sze, S. C. W.; Tong, Y.; Zhang, Y. B.; Zhang, Z. J.; Lau, A. S. L.; Wong, H. K.; Tsang, K. W.; Ng, T. B.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2009 Vol.123 No.1 pp.27-33 ref.47

9. Antidepressant effect of Shudihuang on mice exposed to unpredictable chronic mild stress.

Aim of the study: Depression is a severe mood disorder. It was treated with Shudihuang, the steamed roots of Rehmannia glutinota Libosch. (SRG), in traditional Chinese medicine. The present paper was designed to verify its antidepressant effect. Materials and methods: A mouse model of depression...

Author(s) : Zhang Di; Wen XueSen; Wang XueYan; Shi Min; Zhao Yu

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2009 Vol.123 No.1 pp.55-60 ref.many

10. Scabies outbreaks in nursing homes for the elderly: recognition, treatment options and control of reinfestation.

The scabies mite is an ectoparasite able to infest humans. Its clinical presentation is typical, although in immunocompromised, mentally retarded and elderly patients the clinical presentation may be altered. Diagnosis may therefore be difficult in such patient groups, who often reside in nursing...

Author(s) : Tjioe, M.; Vissers, W. H. P. M.

Publisher : Adis International Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand

Journal article : Drugs & Aging 2008 Vol.25 No.4 pp.299-306

11. The transmission pattern of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli.

This review paper discussed the evolution, the animal hosts and their ecology of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). Most human infections of EHEC O157 are originated from cows. Research on the ecology of domestic cattle farming plays an important role in the control of EHEC O157 among...

Author(s) : Chen Xiang; Cui YiChen; Gao Song; Jiao XinAn

Publisher : Editorial Committee of Chinese Journal of Zoonoses, Health and Anti-epidemic Station of Fujian Province, Fuzhou, China

Journal article : Chinese Journal of Zoonoses 2008 Vol.24 No.6 pp.574-577 ref.20

12. Blindness, optic atrophy and sinusitis in the horse.

Objective: The case histories described each presented with a visual deficit, varying from permanent total blindness with ophthalmoscopic evidence of optic atrophy to variable and transient visual disturbances, including occasional blindness, but with absence of ophthalmoscopic or any other ocular...

Author(s) : Barnett, K. C.; Blunden, A. S.; Dyson, S. J.; Whitwell, K. E.; Carson, D.; Murray, R.

Publisher : Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Veterinary Ophthalmology 2008 Vol.11 No.s1 pp.20-26 ref.16

13. An overview of pentastomiasis in reptiles and other vertebrates.

Pentastomes are wormlike arthropods uniquely adapted to an obligate endoparasitic lifestyle in the respiratory tract of terrestrial vertebrates. The overwhelming majority of pentastome species infect the lungs of reptiles. The life cycle of these arthropods usually involves at least one...

Author(s) : Paré, J. A.

Publisher : Elsevier, New York, USA

Journal article : Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine 2008 Vol.17 No.4 pp.285-294 ref.38

14. Veterinary public health: past success, new opportunities.

Animal diseases are known to be the origin of many human diseases, and there are many examples from ancient civilizations of plagues that arose from animals, domesticated and wild. Records of attempts to control zoonoses are almost as old. The early focus on food-borne illness evolved into...

Author(s) : Steele, J. H.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article; Conference paper : Preventive Veterinary Medicine 2008 Vol.86 No.3/4 pp.224-243 ref.many

15. All blood, No stool: enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection.

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 is a pathotype of diarrheagenic E. coli that produces one or more Shiga toxins, forms a characteristic histopathology described as attaching and effacing lesions, and possesses the large virulence plasmid pO157. The bacterium is recognized...

Author(s) : Yoon, J. W.; Hovde, C. J.

Publisher : Korean Society of Veterinary Science, Seoul, Korea Republic

Journal article : Journal of Veterinary Science 2008 Vol.9 No.3 pp.219-231 ref.154

16. Activatable Shiga toxin 2d (Stx2d) in STEC strains isolated from cattle and sheep at slaughter.

Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) harbouring the stx2d-activatable gene and expressing the mucus- and elastase-activatable phenotype have been associated with severe outcomes of human disease. However, there is limited data available on the occurrence of such strains in livestock...

Author(s) : Tasara, T.; Bielaszewska, M.; Nitzsche, S.; Karch, H.; Zweifel, C.; Stephan, R.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Veterinary Microbiology 2008 Vol.131 No.1/2 pp.199-204 ref.23

17. Babesia microti-like rodent parasites isolated from Ixodes persulcatus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Heilongjiang Province, China.

A Babesia microti-like rodent parasite was isolated from the tick, Ixodes persulcatus, collected from the northern forest area of Heilongjiang province, China. The collected I. persulcatus were allowed to feed on specific pathogen-free SCID mice and red blood cells from the mice were used to...

Author(s) : Sun Yi; Liu GuoPing; Yang LiWei; Xu RongMan; Cao WuChun

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Veterinary Parasitology 2008 Vol.156 No.3/4 pp.333-339 ref.28

18. Molecular and morphometric study of metacercariae and adults of Pseudamphistomum truncatum (Opisthorchiidae) from roach (Rutilus rutilus) and wild American mink (Mustela vison).

The presence of metacercariae and adults of the trematode Pseudamphistomum truncatum in roach and mink, respectively, was recorded in Lake Fure North of Copenhagen, Denmark. This zoonotic digenean opisthorchiid represents a threat to humans due to its ability to infect the biliary system following...

Author(s) : Skov, J.; Kania, P. W.; Jørgensen, T. R.; Buchmann, K.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Veterinary Parasitology 2008 Vol.155 No.3/4 pp.209-216 ref.30

19. Prevalence and characterization of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) in cattle from an Ontario abattoir.

This study determined the prevalence of verotoxin (VT)-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) in Ontario beef cattle at slaughter and characterized the isolates by serotype, virulence factors, virulence markers, and antimicrobial resistance. Cultures of rectal faeces from 500 animals were screened for...

Author(s) : Karama, M.; Johnson, R. P.; Holtslander, R.; McEwen, S. A.; Gyles, C. L.

Publisher : Canadian Veterinary Medical Association, Ottawa, Canada

Journal article : Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research 2008 Vol.72 No.4 pp.297-302 ref.43

20. Molecular cloning and expression analysis of porcine γ-interferon-inducible lysosomal thiol reductase (GILT).

A porcine interferon-γ-inducible lysosomal thiol reductase (GILT) cDNA, designated pGILT, was cloned by RT-PCR and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) strategies. The full-length cDNA of pGILT consists of 1062 bp with a 741 bp open reading frame, encoding 246 amino acids, with a putative...

Author(s) : Dan WenBing; Wang ShuLe; Liang JunQing; Zhang ShuangQuan

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 2008 Vol.126 No.1/2 pp.163-167 ref.12

21. Review paper: preclinical models of psoriasis.

Psoriasis is the most common autoimmune disease in man and is characterized by focal to coalescing raised cutaneous plaques with consistent scaling and variable erythema. The specific pathogenesis of psoriasis is not completely understood, but the underlying mechanisms involve a complex interplay...

Author(s) : Danilenko, D. M.

Publisher : American College of Veterinary Pathologists Inc., Lawrence, USA

Journal article : Veterinary Pathology 2008 Vol.45 No.4 pp.563-575 ref.57

22. Effects of Cimicifuga racemosa extract on liver morphology and hepatic function indices.

Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh) is a herbaceous perennial plant, that has been traditionally used for a variety of ailments (dyspepsia, climacteric complaints, muscular rheumatisms, menstrual cramps). From laboratory and clinical studies, black cohosh seems to have a relatively good safety...

Author(s) : Mazzanti, G.; Sotto, A. di; Franchitto, A.; Mastrangelo, S.; Pezzella, M.; Vitalone, A.; Mammola, C. L.

Publisher : Elsevier GmbH, Jena, Germany

Journal article : Phytomedicine 2008 Vol.15 No.11 pp.1021-1024 ref.11

23. Cerebral myiasis associated with angiosarcoma of the scalp: case report.

Objective: Primary human cerebral myiasis is an exceedingly rare condition and is almost never encountered by physicians in developed countries. The case report summarizes a case of extensive cerebral myiasis in a periurban community in the United States. Clinical presentation: After a minor motor...

Author(s) : Cheshier, S. H.; Bababeygy, S. R.; Higgins, D.; Parsonnet, J.; Huhn, S. L.

Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Hagerstown, USA

Journal article : Neurosurgery 2007 Vol.61 No.1 pp.167

25. Developmental exposure to pesticides zineb and/or endosulfan renders the nigrostriatal dopamine system more susceptible to these environmental chemicals later in life.

Several epidemiological studies have suggested a role for environmental pesticide exposures in idiopathic Parkinson's disease. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that exposure to pesticides such as endosulfan and/or zineb during critical periods of postnatal development could...

Author(s) : Jia, Z. Q.; Misra, H. P.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : NeuroToxicology 2007 Vol.28 No.4 pp.727-735