Search results: 225,133 results (approx.)

1. Strontium increasing calcium accessibility from calcium citrate.

Strontium chloride added to aqueous suspensions of metastable calcium citrate tetrahydrate increased calcium ion activity measured electrochemically without transition of metastable tetrahydrate to stable calcium citrate hexahydrate as shown by DSC. Calcium activity increase was explained by lower...

Author(s) : Liu XiaoChen; Skibsted, L. H.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Food Chemistry 2022 Vol.367 ref.39

2. Special Issue: Human milk.

This special issue contains 12 articles that discuss comprehensive aspects about the mother, the fetus, and the newborn, focusing on human milk.

Publisher : Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA

Journal issue : Seminars in Perinatology 2021 Vol.45 No.2 pp.unpaginated

3. Sex and gender inclusiveness in lactation research.

Author(s) : Dodgson, J. E.; Bamberger, E. T.

Publisher : Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, USA

Journal article : Journal of Human Lactation 2021 Vol.37 No.2 pp.237-241 ref.15

4. In vivo study of the bioavailability and metabolic profile of (poly)phenols after sous-vide artichoke consumption.

Artichokes are a rich source of (poly)phenols, mainly caffeoylquinic acids, but little is known about their bioavailability from this source. This study investigated the absorption, metabolism and excretion of (poly)phenols after sous-vide artichoke consumption (5776 µmol of (poly)phenols) by...

Author(s) : Domínguez-Fernández, M.; Young Tie Yang Paul; Ludwig, I. A.; Clifford, M. N.; Cid, C.; Rodriguez-Mateos, A.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Food Chemistry 2022 Vol.367 ref.39

5. Linking armed conflict to malnutrition during pregnancy, breastfeeding, and childhood.

Background: Women in LMICs are important agricultural actors; however, these same women, and with their children, suffer high rates of acute malnutrition during armed conflicts. Methods and Fidings: A review was undertaken of peer-reviewed literature to describe how armed conflict drives acute...

Author(s) : Corley, A. G.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Global Food Security 2021 Vol.29

6. Fabrication of Zein-lecithin-EGCG complex nanoparticles: characterization, controlled release in simulated gastrointestinal digestion.

The Zein-Lecithin-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) complex nanoparticles were fabricated by anti-solvent coprecipitation method. The Zein-Lecithin (Z-L) nanocomplexes exhibited great encapsulation efficiency of 68.5% for EGCG, and the encapsulated EGCG still had good antioxidative capacity. The...

Author(s) : Xie HuJun; Liu ChengZhi; Gao Jian; Shi JieYu; Ni FangFang; Luo Xin; He Ying; Ren GeRui; Luo ZiSheng

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Food Chemistry 2021 Vol.365

7. The validity of ultrasound technology in providing an indirect estimate of muscle glycogen concentrations is equivocal.

Researchers and practitioners in sports nutrition would greatly benefit from a rapid, portable, and non-invasive technique to measure muscle glycogen, both in the laboratory and field. This explains the interest in MuscleSound®, the first commercial system to use high-frequency ultrasound...

Author(s) : Bone, J. L.; Ross, M. L.; Tomcik, K. A.; Jeacocke, N. A.; McKay, A. K. A.; Burke, L. M.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Nutrients 2021 Vol.13 No.7 ref.55

8. Presence and levels of galactosyllactoses and other oligosaccharides in human milk and their variation during lactation and according to maternal phenotype.

Among the human milk oligosaccharides (HMOS), the galactosyllactoses (GLs) are only limitedly studied. This study aims to describe the presence and relative levels of HMOS, including GLs, in human milk (HM) according to maternal Secretor and Lewis (SeLe) phenotype and lactation stage. Relative...

Author(s) : Eussen, S. R. B. M.; Mank, M.; Kottler, R.; Hoffmann, X. K.; Behne, A.; Rapp, E.; Stahl, B.; Mearin, M. L.; Koletzko, B.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Nutrients 2021 Vol.13 No.7 ref.41

9. The effects of crocodile blood supplementation on delayed-onset muscle soreness.

Delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is associated with increases in acute inflammatory and biochemical markers, muscle swelling, pain, and reduced functional performance. This study aimed to investigate the preventative effects of crocodile blood supplementation on DOMS induced by eccentric...

Author(s) : Paratthakonkun, C.; Vimuttipong, V.; Nana, A.; Chaijenkij, K.; Soonthornworasiri, N.; Arthan, D.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Nutrients 2021 Vol.13 No.7 ref.19

10. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and S-Klotho plasma levels: the relationship between two renal antiaging biomarkers mediated by bone mineral density in middle-aged sedentary adults.

The main active metabolite of vitamin D, the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), and the shed form of the α-Klotho gene (S-Klotho) play an important role in aging-related physiological processes and are currently considered powerful antiaging renal biomarkers. We aimed to investigate the...

Author(s) : De-La-O, A.; Jurado-Fasoli, L.; Castillo, M. J.; Gutiérrez, Á.; Amaro-Gahete, F. J.

Publisher : Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., New Rochelle, USA

Journal article : Rejuvenation Research 2021 Vol.24 No.3 pp.227-233

11. Effects of dietary patterns on driving behaviours among professional truck drivers: the mediating effect of fatigue.

Objective: To explore the impact of the dietary patterns of truck drivers on their driving behaviours and the mediation effect of fatigue between these factors. Methods: A sample of 389 male truck drivers from a transport company in Suzhou, China completed the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ),...

Author(s) : Ge Yan; He ShanShan; Xu Yan; Qu WeiNa

Publisher : BMJ Publishing Group, London, UK

Journal article : Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2021 Vol.78 No.9 pp.669-675 ref.40

12. Utility of specific bioelectrical impedance vector analysis for the assessment of body composition in children.

Background & aims: Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is widely considered a body composition technique suitable for routine application. However, its utility in sick or malnourished children is complicated by variability in hydration. A BIA variant termed vector analysis (BIVA) aims to...

Author(s) : Wells, J. C. K.; Williams, J. E.; Ward, L. C.; Fewtrell, M. S.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Clinical Nutrition 2021 Vol.40 No.3 pp.1147-1154 ref.33

13. Effect of donor human milk on host-gut microbiota and metabolic interactions in preterm infants.

Background & aims: Human milk is the gold standard for infant nutrition. Preterm infants whose mothers are unable to provide sufficient own mother's milk (OMM), receive pasteurized donor human milk (DHM). We studied metabolic signatures of OMM and DHM and their effect on the interplay of the...

Author(s) : Piñeiro-Ramos, J. D.; Parra-Llorca, A.; Ten-Doménech, I.; Gormaz, M.; Ramón-Beltrán, A.; Cernada, M.; Quintás, G.; Collado, M. C.; Kuligowski, J.; Vento, M.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Clinical Nutrition 2021 Vol.40 No.3 pp.1296-1309 ref.63

14. Blunted nutrient-response pathways in adipose tissue following high fat meals in men with metabolic syndrome: a randomized postprandial transcriptomic study.

Background: Excessive adipose tissue is central to disease burden posed by the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). Whilst much is known of the altered transcriptomic regulation of adipose tissue under fasting conditions, little is known of the responses to high-fat meals. Methods: Nineteen middle-aged males ...

Author(s) : Dordevic, A. L.; Coort, S. L.; Evelo, C. T.; Murgia, C.; Sinclair, A. J.; Bonham, M. P.; Larsen, A. E.; Gran, P.; Cameron-Smith, D.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Clinical Nutrition 2021 Vol.40 No.3 pp.1355-1366 ref.44

15. Gastrointestinal digestion of dietary advanced glycation endproducts increases their pro-inflammatory potential.

Thermal treatment of food products leads to the formation of dietary advanced glycation endproducts (dAGEs). It was previously shown that dAGEs induce TNF-α secretion in human macrophage-like cells. To what extent gastrointestinal digestion of dAGEs influences these pro-inflammatory effects and...

Author(s) : Lugt, T. van der; Vrolijk, M. F.; Bovee, T. F. H.; Leeuwen, S. P. J. van; Vonsovic, S.; Hamers, A.; Opperhuizen, A.; Bast, A.

Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK

Journal article : Food and Function 2021 Vol.12 No.15 pp.6691-6696 ref.10

16. Changes in the digestion properties and protein conformation of sturgeon myofibrillar protein treated by low temperature vacuum heating during in vitro digestion.

The digestion properties of sturgeon myofibrillar protein (MF) treated by low temperature vacuum heating (LTVH) at different processing temperatures (50, 60 and 70°C) and times (15 and 30 min) were studied and compared with those of sturgeon MF treated by traditional cooking (TC). The results...

Author(s) : Liu FeiJian; Dong XiuPing; Shen ShiKe; Shi YuGang; Ou YangZhi; Cai WenQiang; Chen YueWen; Zhu BeiWei

Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK

Journal article : Food and Function 2021 Vol.12 No.15 pp.6981-6991

17. Eating behaviours as predictors of satisfaction with food related life.

Objective: To identify how different eating behaviours are correlated, and to analyse which behaviour is a true predictor of food satisfaction while comparing the pattern in gender behaviours. Methods: The correlational study was conducted at the Department of Humanities, COMSATS University,...

Author(s) : Samia Wasif; Maheen Sohail; Maleeha Zaheer

Publisher : Pakistan Medical Association House, Karachi, Pakistan

Journal article : JPMA, Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 2021 Vol.71 No.2A pp.469-472 ref.25

18. Size matters: TLR4-mediated effects of α-(1,5)-linear arabino-oligosaccharides in macrophage-like cells depend on their degree of polymerization.

Linear arabino-oligosaccharides (LAOS) produced from controlled enzymatic hydrolysis of arabinans from sugar beet are well-known because of their chain-length dependent prebiotic effects. However, it is not clear if these α-(1,5)-linked arabinose oligosaccharides can interact directly with immune...

Author(s) : Castro-Alves, V. C.; Nascimento, J. R. O. do

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Food Research International 2021 Vol.141

19. Effect of sodium bicarbonate contribution on energy metabolism during exercise: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Background: The effects of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) on anaerobic and aerobic capacity are commonly acknowledged as unclear due to the contrasting evidence thus, the present study analyzes the contribution of NaHCO3 to energy metabolism during exercise. Methods: Following a search through five...

Author(s) : Calvo, J. L.; Xu HuanTeng; Mon-López, D.; Pareja-Galeano, H.; Jiménez, S. L.

Publisher : BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK

Journal article : Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2021 Vol.18 No.11 pp.(05 February 2021) ref.62

20. The effects of taste sensitivity and repeated taste exposure on children's intake and liking of turnip (Brassica rapa subsp. rapa); a bitter Brassica vegetable.

Low consumption of vegetables in children is a concern around the world, hence approaches aimed at increasing intake are highly relevant. Previous studies have shown that repeated taste exposure is an effective strategy to increase vegetable acceptance. However, few studies have examined the effect ...

Author(s) : Nurfarhana Diana, M. N.; Houston-Price, C.; Harvey, K.; Methven, L.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Appetite 2021 Vol.157

21. Daily caffeine consumption does not influence acupuncture analgesia in healthy individuals: a preliminary study.

Animal studies suggest that caffeine may interfere with acupuncture analgesia. This study investigated the modulation effect of daily caffeine intake on acupuncture analgesia in 27 healthy subjects using a crossover design. We found that real acupuncture increased pain thresholds compared to sham...

Author(s) : Cao Jin; Tu YiHeng; Lang, C.; Vangel, M.; Park, J.; Liu Jiao; Wilson, G.; Gollub, R.; Orr, S.; Kong Jian

Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc., Hagerstown, USA

Journal article : Anesthesia and Analgesia 2021 Vol.132 No.1 pp.e6-e9

22. Effect of cholecalciferol on unsaturated model membranes.

Vitamin D plays an important role in many physiological processes, particularly calcium and phosphorous homeostasis. The biochemistry of vitamin D is also complex, encompassing a range of active molecules that may be either endogenous or dietary in origin. The role of lipids and fats in the...

Author(s) : Devarajan, A.; Kim YeuChun; Isakovic, A. F.; Gater, D. L.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 2021 Vol.235

23. Effects of conventional and sugar-free energy drinks intake in runners: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover clinical trial.

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effects of two types of energy drinks (ED) intake in trained runners. METHODS: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted over 6 weeks. Participants and beverages were allocated by randomization. Twelve men 23±2.6 years, 177±3.4...

Author(s) : Reis, H. H.; Lima, L. M.; Reis, V. E.; Mota-Júnior, R. J.; Soares-Júnior, D. T.; Sillero-Quintana, M.; Rasmussen, H. E.; Carneiro-Júnior, M. A.; Marins, J. B.

Publisher : Edizioni Minerva Medica, Torino, Italy

Journal article : Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Vol.61 No.7 pp.928-934

24. The gut-brain axis: regulating energy balance independent of food intake.

Obesity is a global pandemic with a large health and economic burden worldwide. Bodyweight is regulated by the ability of the CNS, and especially the hypothalamus, to orchestrate the function of peripheral organs that play a key role in metabolism. Gut hormones play a fundamental role in the...

Author(s) : Nogueiras, R.

Publisher : BioScientifica Ltd, Bristol, UK

Journal article : European Journal of Endocrinology 2021 Vol.185 No.3 pp.R75-R91 ref.203

25. Muscle glycogen utilization during exercise after ingestion of alcohol.

Purpose: Ingested ethanol (EtOH) is metabolized gastrically and hepatically, which may influence resting and exercise metabolism. Previous exercise studies have provided EtOH intravenously rather than orally, altering the metabolic effects of EtOH. No studies to date have investigated the effects...

Author(s) : Hengist, S.; Hengist, A.; Aaron, B.; Jean, W.; Robert, J.; Tsintzas, K.; Afman, G. H.; Gonzalez, J. T.; Betts, J. A.

Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc., Hagerstown, USA

Journal article : Medicine and Science in Sports & Exercise 2021 Vol.53 No.1 pp.211-217