Search results: 80,812 results (approx.)

1. Natural killer cells and unconventional T cells in COVID-19.

NK cells and diverse populations of unconventional T cells, such as MAIT cells, γδ T cells, invariant NKT cells, and DNTαβ cells are important early effector lymphocytes. While some of these cells, such as NK cell and MAIT cells, have well-established roles in antiviral defense, the function of...

Author(s) : Björkström, N. K.; Ponzetta, A.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Current Opinion in Virology 2021 Vol.49 pp.176-182 ref.63

2. Monoclonal antibodies in treating food allergy: a new therapeutic horizon.

Food allergy (FA) is a pathological immune response, potentially deadly, induced by exposure to an innocuous and specific food allergen. To date, there is no specific treatment for FAs; thus, dietary avoidance and symptomatic medications represent the standard treatment for managing them. Recently, ...

Author(s) : Manti, S.; Pecora, G.; Patanè, F.; Giallongo, A.; Parisi, G. F.; Papale, M.; Licari, A.; Marseglia, G. L.; Leonardi, S.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Nutrients 2021 Vol.13 No.7 ref.62

3. A novel highly sensitive soy aptasensor for antigen β-conglycinin determination.

β-Conglycinin, composed of three subunits (α', α and β), is the main allergen of soy protein which can cause severe allergic reactions, such as diarrhea, decreased growth performance and even death. Among them, the β subunit is more stable and difficult to remove, being one of the main nutritional...

Author(s) : Li GuoHui; Wei YaFeng; Ma LiZhou; Mao Yin; Ab RanXun; Deng Yu

Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK

Journal article : Analytical Methods 2021 Vol.13 No.27 pp.3059-3067

8. Fermented date residue extract mix containing gamma-aminobutyric acid augments the immune function of mouse splenocytes.

An extract of date (fruit of a palm tree) residue plus food-grade glutamate, acetic acid, and yeast extract (date residue extract mix, DREM) has been successfully fermented with using Lactobacillus brevis JCM 1059T to produce gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Here, mouse splenocytes were found to be...

Author(s) : Hattori, K.; Yamamoto, Y.; Fujii, S.; Kumrungsee, T.; Hasegawa, M.; Yoshida, A.; Suzuki, T.; Sambongi, Y.

Publisher : Taylor & Francis, Singapore, Singapore

Journal article : Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry 2021 Vol.85 No.7 pp.1753-1758

9. Local antifungal immunity in the kidney in disseminated candidiasis.

Disseminated candidiasis is a hospital-acquired infection that results in high degree of mortality despite antifungal treatment. Autopsy studies revealed that kidneys are the major target organs in disseminated candidiasis and death due to kidney damage is a frequent outcome in these patients....

Author(s) : Jawale, C. V.; Biswas, P. S.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Current Opinion in Microbiology 2021 Vol.62 pp.1-7

10. The intestinal mycobiome as a determinant of host immune and metabolic health.

The inclusion of fungi in recent human and animal microbiome studies has revealed that microbiome features associated with health or disease are not exclusively bacterial. Factors known to impact bacterial microbiome development, such as gestational age at birth, breast feeding status and...

Author(s) : Gutierrez, M. W.; Arrieta, M. C.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Current Opinion in Microbiology 2021 Vol.62 pp.8-13

11. The immune response to airway mycosis.

The allergic airway diseases chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS), asthma, allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis/aspergillosis (ABPM/A), and cystic fibrosis (CF) share a common immunological signature marked by TH2 and TH17 cell predominant immune responses, the...

Author(s) : Li, E.; Rodriguez, A.; Luong, A. U.; Allen, D.; Knight, J. M.; Kheradmand, F.; Corry, D. B.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Current Opinion in Microbiology 2021 Vol.62 pp.45-50

12. Prediction model study of overweight and obesity in preschool children with allergic diseases from an ecological perspective.

Background: Allergic diseases have a high incidence in childhood and a high chance to be carried over into adulthood unless appropriately treated during childhood, it is important that healthcare providers actively manage these diseases. This study was to identify multidimensional factors that...

Author(s) : Han Jeongwon; Kim Dajung

Publisher : BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK

Journal article : BMC Pediatrics 2021 Vol.21 No.53 pp.(25 January 2021) ref.47

13. Immunostimulatory and anti-allergic potential of novel heterotrimeric lectin from seeds of Zizyphus mauritiana Lam.

Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. seeds (ZMS) have been used medicinally as sedative or hypnotic drugs in most of Asian countries. ZMS has significant benefits to the human health. Therefore, we have evaluated immunomodulatory effect of lectin extracted from these ZMSL in both in vitro and in vivo study....

Author(s) : Butle, A. B.; Talmale, S. A.; Jadhao, V. V.; Patil, M. B.; Lambat, T. L.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 2021 Vol.171 pp.389-397

15. Association of thyroid antibodies status on the outcomes of pregnant women with hypothyroidism (maternal hypothyroidism on pregnancy outcomes, MHPO-4).

Background: Autoimmunity increases with age and is often commonly evaluated in women of the reproductive age group. Prevalence of thyroid antibodies is common even in euthyroid pregnant women. We aim to compare the association of thyroid antibody status on the maternal and neonatal outcomes in...

Author(s) : Zareen Kiran; Aisha Sheikh; Najmul Islam

Publisher : BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK

Journal article : BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2021 Vol.21 No.136 pp.(15 February 2021) ref.many

16. Isolation of polysaccharide from Stigma maydis by ethanol precipitation and enhanced efficacy of immunization in vivo.

By ethanol precipitation, the polysaccharide (CSP) extracted by ultrafiltration from Stigma maydis was isolated to three fractions, CSP-1, CSP-2 and CSP-3. The effect of this four kinds of polysaccharides on humoral and cellular immune functions and mainly organs in mice were studied. The results...

Author(s) : Gong ChunYu; Liu YuTing; Shan JiaMing; Xu Shuo; Xing Yue

Publisher : Food and Fermentation Industries (Shipin Yu Fajiao Gongye), Beijing, China

Journal article : Food and Fermentation Industries 2021 Vol.47 No.1 pp.143-147 ref.11

17. Resistin; a physiological overview.

Resistin is a novel peptide which is known to be an adipocyte-derived cytokine. It belongs to resistin like molecule family. It was revealed that resistin is an important link between obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. After that, several investigations showed the important...

Author(s) : Bakry, M. A.; El-Hameed, N. E. A.; El-Aziz, R. M. A.; Hamada, M.

Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Journal article : Zagazig Veterinary Journal 2021 Vol.49 No.1 pp.78-91 ref.94

18. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and Type 1 lepra reaction: a rare association.

Lepra reactions are important causes of the disability and deformity associated with leprosy. Normal body tissues suffer during these periods of hypersensitivity response mounted by the body against the antigens of Mycobacterium leprae. Chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy manifesting several years ...

Author(s) : Archana Suresh; Martin, A. M.; Sarita Sasidharanpillai; Joe James; James Jose

Publisher : LEPRA, Colchester, UK

Journal article : Leprosy Review 2021 Vol.92 No.3 pp.298-302 ref.12

19. Vaccination as a preventative measure contributing to immune fitness.

The primary goal of vaccination is the prevention of pathogen-specific infection. The indirect consequences may include maintenance of homeostasis through prevention of infection-induced complications; trained immunity that re-programs innate cells to respond more efficiently to later, unrelated...

Author(s) : Laupèze, B.; Giudice, G. del; Doherty, M. T.; Most, R. van der

Publisher : Nature Publishing Group, London, UK

Journal article : npj Vaccines 2021 Vol.6 No.93 ref.110

20. Pediatric allergic fungal sinusitis: a clinical review.

Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) is the most common type of fungal sinus infection. AFS is a robust allergic reaction to inhaled soil fungi that causes sinus inflammation, and the fungal debris then accumulates in the sinus cavities. This accumulation can cause nasal polyps, facial pain and...

Author(s) : Mancuso, R. F.

Publisher : Slack, Thorofare, USA

Journal article : Pediatric Annals 2021 Vol.50 No.7 pp.e297-e303 ref.22

21. Boerhaave's syndrome after pentazocine-induced vomiting in a 21-year-old male with asthma: a case report.

Boerhaave's syndrome is an uncommon syndrome characterized by spontaneous rupture of the oesophagus with a high mortality rate. While excessive alcohol intake and binge-eating are the classic precipitants of this syndrome, medication-induced vomiting causing Booerhave's is quite uncommon....

Author(s) : Awofisoye, O. I.; Olalekan, O. E.; Anumenechi, N.; Onwukpa, F.

Publisher : African Field Epidemiology Network, Kampala, Uganda

Journal article : Pan African Medical Journal 2021 Vol.38 ref.12

22. Antibody responses to natural SARS-CoV-2 infection or after COVID-19 vaccination.

The novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is the causative agent of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The clinical severity of COVID-19 ranges from asymptomatic to critical disease and, eventually, death in smaller subsets of...

Author(s) : Altawalah, H.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Vaccines 2021 Vol.9 No.8 ref.123

23. An outbreak of COVID-19 among mRNA-vaccinated nursing home residents.

An outbreak was described among the guests of a Long-Term Care Facility in the North of Italy. Among 23 guests, 20 of whom were fully vaccinated with BNT162b2 vaccine, the outbreak led to a final count of 11 positive guests, 9 of whom were vaccinated, and 4 positive healthcare workers, of whom only ...

Author(s) : Faggiano, F.; Rossi, M. A.; Cena, T.; Milano, F.; Barale, A.; Ristagno, Q.; Silano, V.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Vaccines 2021 Vol.9 No.8 ref.21

24. Long-term and short-term immunity to SARS-CoV-2: why it matters.

The adaptive immune system, regulated by CD4 T cells, is essential for control of many viral infections. Endemic coronavirus infections generally occur as short-term upper respiratory tract infections which in many cases appear to be cleared before adaptive immunity is fully involved, since...

Author(s) : Zaunders, J.; Phetsouphanh, C.

Publisher : CSIRO, Collingwood, Australia

Journal article : Microbiology Australia 2021 Vol.42 No.1 pp.34-38 ref.61

25. Toxic epidermal necrolysis-like acute cutaneous lupus erythematosus: two cases report.

Toxic epidermal necrolysis-like acute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (TEN-like ACLE) is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Because of its rarity, little is known about this entity. In this report, we describe a case of two women previously diagnosed with SLE that presented...

Author(s) : Abdelmouttalib, A.; Meziane, M.; Senouci, K.

Publisher : African Field Epidemiology Network, Kampala, Uganda

Journal article : Pan African Medical Journal 2021 Vol.38 ref.10