Search results: 2,401 results (approx.)

1. Effect of pre-marriage counseling on the sexual health.

Background & Aim: Regarding the increase of sexual transmitted disease, high risk behaviour and unwanted pregnancy in one hand, and myth, incorrect believes and low knowledge about sexuality in the other hand, sexual health education is one the basic compartment of health promotion. The...

Author(s) : Pakgohar, M.; Mirmohammadali, M.; Mahmoudi, M.; Farnam, F.

Publisher : Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Journal article : HAYAT 2006 Vol.11 No.3/4 pp.39-46 ref.14

2. Social networks, ideation, and contraceptive behavior in Bangladesh: a longitudinal analysis.

Longitudinal survey data (collected from 1994-96) from a panel of married women in Bangladesh is used to estimate the impact of a social network approach to family planning field worker communication and to test a theoretical model of behaviour change that explains why women adopt modern...

Author(s) : Kincaid, D. L.

Journal article : Social Science & Medicine 2000 Vol.50 No.2 pp.215-231 ref.65

3. Motherhood: the tragic toll.

A discussion is presented on why so many women are dying from causes related to pregnancy and childbirth in developing countries, and examines possibilities to make motherhood safer.

Author(s) : Senanayake, P.

Journal article : Orbit 1997 No.No. 64 pp.8-9

4. Balancing effectiveness, side-effects and work: women's perceptions and experiences with modern contraceptive technology in Cambodia.

This community-based study presents the results of 17 focus-group discussions (held between July-August 1994, n=135) primarily among poor married women of reproductive age in urban and rural Cambodia regarding their experiences with modern contraceptive methods and their preferences for different...

Author(s) : Sadana, R.; Snow, R.

Journal article : Social Science & Medicine 1999 Vol.49 No.3 pp.343-358 ref.3 pp. of

5. Militarism, gender and reproductive suffering: the case of abortion in Western Dinka.

It is noted that studies of reproductive risk under war conditions pay a great deal of attention to statistics of sexual violence inflicted by one warring party upon women of the other. While such attention is justified, it mystifies the risk contained within families and local communities. The...

Author(s) : Jok, J. M.

Journal article : Africa (London) 1999 Vol.69 No.2 pp.194-212 ref.23

6. Measuring family planning program effort at the provincial level: a Vietnam application.

Measures of family planning program effort have been obtained repeatedly in cross-country comparisons, but never for comparisons within a country. This method may be a valuable tool for tracing subarea program changes over time. Family planning program efforts were assessed in 15 Vietnamese...

Author(s) : Pham Bich San; Ross, J. A.; Nguyen Lan Phuong; Nguyen Duc Vinh

Journal article : International Family Planning Perspectives 1999 Vol.25 No.1 pp.4-9 ref.9

7. The costs and benefits of IUD follow-up visits in the Mexican Social Security Institute.

In some settings, clinicians routinely schedule IUD users for follow-up care, but little effort has been made to compare the health benefit of repeat visits with the costs to programs. In a prospective study at eight clinics of the Mexican Social Security Institute, 1,713 new IUD users were...

Author(s) : Hubacher, D.; Cárdenas, C.; Hernández, D.; Cortés, M.; Janowitz, B.

Journal article : International Family Planning Perspectives 1999 Vol.25 No.1 pp.21-26 ref.13

8. Determinants of unintended pregnancy among women in Ecuador.

Although bivariate survey data have demonstrated that the proportion of unintended pregnancies is increasing in Ecuador, the determinants of unwanted and mistimed pregnancy have yet to be identified. A multinomial logistic regression analysis of the predictors of unintended pregnancy (unwanted and...

Author(s) : Eggleston, E.

Journal article : International Family Planning Perspectives 1999 Vol.25 No.1 pp.27-33 ref.20

9. Knowledge on lactational amenorrhoea and contraception in Kocaeli, Turkey.

922 women of reproductive age were interviewed by doctors and nurses at Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turkey between January and August 1998 to determine the knowledge of women about lactational amenorrhoea and contraceptive properties of...

Author(s) : Vural, B.; Vural, F.; Erk, A.; Karabacak, O.

Journal article : East African Medical Journal 1999 Vol.76 No.7 pp.385-388 ref.6

10. Women's fears and men's anxieties: the impact of family planning on gender relations in northern Ghana.

It is shown that the Navrongo experiment, a family planning and health project in northern Ghana, has demonstrated that an appropriately designed, community-based family planning programme can produce a change in contraceptive practice that had been considered unattainable in such a setting....

Author(s) : Bawah, A. A.; Akweongo, P.; Simmons, R.; Phillips, J. F.

Journal article : Studies in Family Planning 1999 Vol.30 No.1 pp.54-66 ref.32

11. Assessing the prevalence and determinants of unwanted pregnancy and induced abortion in Nigeria.

Data are presented to determine the prevalence and sociodemographic determinants of unwanted pregnancy and induced abortion in the Jos and Ife local government areas of Nigeria. A total of 1,516 randomly selected women aged 15-45 responded to a pretested structured questionnaire designed to elicit...

Author(s) : Okonofua, F. E.; Odimegwu, C.; Ajabor, H.; Daru, P. H.; Johnson, A.

Journal article : Studies in Family Planning 1999 Vol.30 No.1 pp.67-77 ref.25

12. Putting unmet need to the test: community-based distribution of family planning in Pakistan.

It is noted that unmet need for family planning in the developing world, as measured through surveys, is high. But it is important to determine whether there is a significant level of dormant demand for actual contraceptive services waiting to be satisfied, especially in a country such as Pakistan, ...

Author(s) : Shelton, J. D.; Bradshaw, L.; Hussein, B.; Zubair, Z.; Drexler, T.; McKenna, M. R.

Journal article : International Family Planning Perspectives 1999 Vol.25 No.4 pp.191-195 ref.27

13. Addressing birth in Gaza: using qualitative methods to improve vital registration.

The use of anthropological qualitative methods to validate and improve health surveillance data is demonstrated through an examination of the process of birth registration in Gaza. Theoretically, the importance of understanding the link between historical events and microlevel decision-making is...

Author(s) : Lewando-Hundt, G.; Abed, Y.; Skeik, M.; Beckerleg, S.; El-Alem, A.

Journal article : Social Science & Medicine 1999 Vol.48 No.6 pp.833-843 ref.31

14. Family planning and the politics of population in Tanzania: international to local discourse.

It is noted that population politics in Tanzania reflect multiple understandings of the 'problem' of population. While Tanzania has a long history of family planning service provision through its childspacing programmes, a national population policy was not adopted until 1992. The study explores...

Author(s) : Richey, L.

Journal article : Journal of Modern African Studies 1999 Vol.37 No.3 pp.457-487 ref.59

15. Proximate determinants of fertility in India: an exploration of NFHS data.

Variations in fertility are generally examined in terms of socioeconomic factors such as education, income, caste, place of residence. These factors can affect fertility only through intermediate variables such as proportion of females married, prevalence of contraceptive use, incidence of induced...

Author(s) : Leela Visaria

Journal article : Economic and Political Weekly 1999 Vol.34 No.42/43 pp.3033-3040 ref.16

16. Constraints in socio-economic development of rural people under Nirman Sansthan (N. G. O.).

The paper examines the constraints which hinder the socioeconomic development of rural people in Rajasthan, India, despite the NGO Nirman Sansthan's involvement. It is noted that the animal production aspects of the development programmes were not functioning correctly, the NGO owned too little...

Author(s) : Kumawat, S. R.; Sharma, S. K.

Journal article : Annals of Biology (Ludhiana) 1999 Vol.15 No.2 pp.233-236 ref.4

17. Fertility preferences and behaviour: a case study of two villages in the Punjab, Pakistan.

It is suggested that the demand for the high number of children is believed to be a major reason for high fertility levels in Pakistan. The paper, based on a micro-study, investigates the fertility preferences and fertility behaviour of the women, and how they vary with differences in the...

Author(s) : Durr-e-Nayab

Publisher : Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE), Islamabad, Pakistan

Miscellaneous : Research Report Series - Pakistan Institute of Development Economics 1999 No.No. 173 pp.27 pp. ref.46

18. Nepal survey shows that 'family planning saves lives'.

The paper discusses results from the 1996 Nepal Family Health Survey (NFHS) which shows that delaying, spacing, and limiting births can substantially reduce infant and child mortality. Among 33 socioeconomic, demographic, and health variables analysed, the factors with the largest effects on infant ...

Author(s) : Luther, N. Y.; Thapa, S.; Westley, S. B.

Miscellaneous : Asia-Pacific Population & Policy 1999 No.No. 49 pp.4 pp. ref.1

19. Fertility decline in Andhra Pradesh. A search for alternative hypotheses.

The paper examines the levels, trends and pattern in fertility both at the state and district level using census, Sample Registration System, and National Family Health Survey data, 1951-60 to 1993/94. Factors behind the decline are then considered. The role of female literacy and health status,...

Author(s) : James, K. S.

Journal article : Economic and Political Weekly 1999 Vol.34 No.8 pp.491-504 ref.16

20. Prospects for demographic behavioural change in Vanuatu: the results of a KAP survey.

A knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) survey was conducted in urban and rural areas of Vanuatu in 1995, and analysis of the data reveals a relatively low level of knowledge of family planning by younger age groups. Eligible respondents were drawn from both sexes from ages 15-49 years for females ...

Author(s) : House, W. J.

Journal article : Development Bulletin 1999 No.No. October pp.72-75 ref.6

21. The effects of family planning workers' contact on fertility preferences: evidence from Bangladesh.

An examination is presented as to whether family planning programs should put more effort into persuading couples to want smaller families or into helping women achieve their reproductive goals. The paper notes whether family planning programmes affect fertility preferences. Longitudinal data from...

Author(s) : Arends-Kuenning, M.; Main Bazle Hossain; Barkat-e-Khuda

Journal article : Studies in Family Planning 1999 Vol.30 No.3 pp.183-192 ref.23

22. Effects of an entertainment-education radio soap opera on family planning behavior in Tanzania.

An entertainment-education radio soap opera introduced in Tanzania in 1993 was evaluated by means of a field experimental design in which the radio programme was broadcast by seven mainland stations of Radio Tanzania. An eighth station broadcast alternative programming from 1993-95, its...

Author(s) : Rogers, E. M.; Vaughan, P. W.; Swalehe, R. M. A.; Nagesh Rao; Svenkerud, P.; Suruchi Sood

Journal article : Studies in Family Planning 1999 Vol.30 No.3 pp.193-211 ref.50

23. Do parents prefer sons in North Korea?

It is noted that son preference in South Korea is stronger than anywhere else in the world, yet little is known about such preference in North Korea. Simple indicators of son preference in North Korea are constructed from its 1993 population census and a 1998 survey of child nutrition (conducted in ...

Author(s) : Goodkind, D.

Journal article : Studies in Family Planning 1999 Vol.30 No.3 pp.212-218 ref.36

24. The relationship of social affiliation and interpersonal discussion to family planning knowledge, attitudes and practice.

Past research has demonstrated an association between membership in a social club and the adoption of family planning, yet little is known about the how these groups promote the diffusion of such behaviour. Data on 2 217 women aged 15-49 and 2 152 men aged 15-54 from the 1994 Kenya Situation Survey ...

Author(s) : Boulay, M.; Valente, T. W.

Journal article : International Family Planning Perspectives 1999 Vol.25 No.3 pp.112-118 ref.31

25. Increasing efficiency to meet future demand: family planning services provided by the Mexican Ministry of Health.

Data for this study were collected in 1996 at 82 Mexican Ministry of Health facilities, which included observations of providers and ancillary information for estimating costs of family planning services. The cost per minute of provider labour was used to estimate the cost of various types of...

Author(s) : Hubacher, D.; Holtman, M.; Fuentes, M.; Perez-Palacios, G.; Janowitz, B.

Journal article : International Family Planning Perspectives 1999 Vol.25 No.3 pp.119-124 ref.19