Search results: 2,410 results (approx.)

1. Greenhouse heating and cooling using aquifer water.

An aquifer coupled cavity flow heat exchanger system (ACCFHES) was designed using underground aquifer water for the heating as well as cooling of a composite climatic greenhouse. The performance of ACCFHES was experimentally evaluated for a full winter and a summer season. The ACCFHES makes use of...

Author(s) : Sethi, V. P.; Sharma, S. K.

Publisher : Elsevier, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Energy (Oxford) 2007 Vol.32 No.8 pp.1414-1421 ref.22

2. Cooling of milk. Keep an eye open!

The importance is stressed of being vigilant with regard to milk cooling, and ensuring that the milk cooler always functions well. Measures that may be taken to achieve rapid cooling and minimize bacterial growth in milk during the period between milking and milk treatment, are discussed.

Foreign Title :Le refroidissement du lait Garder l'oeil ouvert!

Author(s) : Lévesque, P.

Journal article : Producteur de Lait Québécois 1999 Vol.19 No.6 pp.53-55

3. Ice bank silos as a tool for energy saving.

The use of ice bank silos in dairy factories is discussed.

Author(s) : Holmström, P.

Journal article : Scandinavian Dairy Information 1999 No.No. 3 pp.44

4. Keeping in the cold.

The use of external air-cooled condensers to reduce the head pressure in refrigeration systems and thus conserve energy in dairy factories is discussed.

Journal article : Dairy Industries International 1998 Vol.63 No.9 pp.23-25

5. Composite materials for the repair of equipment.

An account is given of the advantages of using anaerobic polymers (e.g. AN-6K) and compound adhesive (e.g. Desan) for repairing worn or damaged machinery and equipment in the sugar industry. Examples are given of using these polymers to repair worn bearings, damaged pipes, threaded joints, leaks in ...

Author(s) : Bashkirtsev, V. I.

Journal article : Sakharnaya Promyshlennost' 1998 No.No. 5/6 pp.27-32

6. Freezing out the opposition.

An account is given of the use of cryogenic freezing in the dairy industry. It involves use of gaseous refrigerants, such as liquid N and CO2, at temperatures <-80°C. Details are given of Air Products' Cryo-Quick VT freezer, Cryo-ZAT (used for ice cream novelties) and the Cryo-Cool...

Author(s) : Summers, J.

Journal article : Dairy Industries International 1998 Vol.63 No.6 pp.21-22

7. Efficiency of milk cooling tanks produced by different firms.

The efficiency of milk cooling tanks manufactured by different companies was studied. Milk was cooled to <4°C within 0.1-0.5 h of milking, resulting in low total bacterial counts. Impulsa-Etscheid GmbH and Meko Holland BV tanks were the most efficient and cost effective, followed by Alfa Laval's ...

Foreign Title :Erinevate firmade piimajahutustankide efektiivsus.

Author(s) : Must, E.

Journal article : Agraarteadus 1998 Vol.9 No.2 pp.134-142

8. Cooling systems in the dairy industry. VDM seminar cooling techniques.

Foreign Title :Kälteanlagen in der Milchwirtschaft. VDM Seminar Kältetechnik.

Author(s) : Coldewey, I.

Conference paper; Journal article : Deutsche Milchwirtschaft 1997 Vol.48 No.17 pp.669

9. Control of milk refrigerator systems in dairies.

A simplified system for controlling the construction and functional characteristics of refrigeration tanks in dairies, which complies with international standard ISO 5708, is described.

Foreign Title :Controllo delle prestazioni aziendali dei refrigeratori del latte.

Author(s) : Pazzona, A.; Murgia, L.

Journal article : Informatore Agrario 1997 Vol.53 No.48 pp.41-45

10. CFCs linger on.

An account is given of the use of Isceon 49, a non-flammable zero ozone depletion potential refrigerant, as a direct replacement for chlorofluorocarbons in the dairy industry.

Author(s) : Briggs, W.

Journal article : Dairy Industries International 1997 Vol.62 No.11 pp.27, 29

11. Hygienic refrigeration.

In relation to hygiene level, ultra-sensitive, sensitive and inert areas can be identified in dairies and other food premises, depending on the degree of product exposure. Suitability designed refrigeration and air-conditioning plant is of prime importance. All parts of it must be accessible,...

Foreign Title :La refrigerazione sanificata.

Author(s) : Zausa, I.

Journal article : Latte 1997 Vol.22 No.11 pp.52-53

12. Observations on problems associated with microbial contamination of pelleted compound feeds in open and closed storage conditions.

An overview is given of the storage of pelleted compound feeds (PCF), with particular reference to the prevention of microbial contamination. The following are considered: general characteristics of PCF; moisture content and water activity; damage caused to PCF during handling and transport; growth ...

Foreign Title :Betrachtung der Problematik von mikrobiellen Kontaminationen bei offen und geschlossen gelagertem pelletierten Mischfutter.

Author(s) : Skriegan, E.; Oster, A.

Journal article : Mühle + Mischfuttertechnik 1999 Vol.135 No.26 pp.858-875 ref.7

13. Misting of water for the cooling of pig houses.

The use of a misting system to reduce heat stress in pig housing in the Netherlands is described. The system (misting for 30 s, followed by 60 s rest) is activated at a temperature of >27 °C and deactivated at a relative humidity of 80%. However, the additional yearly costs of the system (17...

Foreign Title :Vernevelen van water voor koeling in varkensstallen.

Author(s) : Wagenberg, V. van

Journal article : Praktijkonderzoek Varkenshouderij 1999 Vol.13 No.3 pp.18-19

14. Fresh products from the floating store: efficient logistics for a large range of products at the Tirol Milch factory at Innsbruck.

A 'floating' store, based on the principle 'first in, first out' and using pellets at an angle of 4° for the easy movement of products, at the Tirol Milch factory at Innsbruck, Austria, is described, with special attention to costs and hygienic aspects.

Foreign Title :Frischprodukte aus dem Fliesslager: leistungsfähige Logistik für vergrössertes Sortiment bei der Tirol Milch in Innsbruck.

Journal article : DMZ, Lebensmittelindustrie und Milchwirtschaft 1999 Vol.120 No.15 pp.673-675

15. Cool automation.

An overview is given of the automated cold storage, tracking and within-factory transport system installed at Giant Food's plant in Landover, Maryland, USA. Operation of the system is described in some detail, and the advantages of the system are discussed, including a reduction in paperwork...

Author(s) : Mans, J.

Journal article : Dairy Foods 1999 Vol.100 No.6 pp.53-58

16. Equivalent thermophysical properties and surface heat transfer coefficient of fruit layers in trays during cooling.

Experimental engineering data and predictive equations are established for the equivalent thermophysical properties (thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, specific heat capacity and density) and surface heat transfer coefficient of bulk layers of fruits (strawberries, raspberries, apricots,...

Author(s) : Fikiin, A. G.; Fikiin, K. A.; Triphonov, S. D.

Journal article : Journal of Food Engineering 1999 Vol.40 No.1/2 pp.7-13 ref.13

17. A shredder-mixer for milk-based products.

A description is given of the IS-80 shredder-mixer and its utilization in the shredding, mixing, heat treatment and cooling of milk products, particularly those of high viscosity. The IS-80 holds ≤80 litres of product, can heat or cool products to 108 and 5°C respectively, and has a production...

Author(s) : Kharitonov, V. D.; Bogdanovskiĭ, V. B.; Brodskiĭ, Yu. A.; Budrik, G. V.; Genin, E. S.

Journal article : Molochnaya Promyshlennost' 1999 No.No. 1 pp.25-26

18. Cooling for milk and milk products - a way in.

A brief overview is given of the refrigeration of milk and milk products, with reference being made to EU guidelines and legislation. Internet information concerning German companies specializing in the manufacture of tanks for milk cooling, temperature measurement technology and refrigerated...

Foreign Title :Kühlung für Milch und Milchprodukte - Ein Einstieg.

Journal article : DMZ, Lebensmittelindustrie und Milchwirtschaft 1999 Vol.120 No.11 pp.480-482

19. Products requiring refrigeration. The dairy industry and retailers agree on guidelines for the sector.

An agreement made on 9 March 1999 between the Milchindustrie-Verband [the German Dairy Industry Association], the Bundesverband Molkereiprodukte eV [Federal Association for Milk Products] and major German food retailers (Metro, Rewe, Edeka, Globus, Spar, Tengelmann, Karstadt and Lekkerland)...

Foreign Title :Kühlpflichtige Produkte. Milchindustrie und Handel verständigen sich auf Branchenempfehlung.

Author(s) : Meier, W.

Journal article : DMZ, Lebensmittelindustrie und Milchwirtschaft 1999 Vol.120 No.11 pp.483-487

20. The utilization of a spot air-conditioner in raising of seedlings for rosetting prevention in Eustoma and Delphinium.

Exposing seedlings of Eustoma and Delphinium to high temperature induces rosetting. Therefore, in the cultivation for earlier flowering of these species, the utilization of a cooling system during raising of seedlings in the summer seems to be necessary to prevent rosetting. Eustoma and Delphinium...

Author(s) : Hirai, H.; Mori, G.

Journal article : Environment Control in Biology 1999 Vol.37 No.3 pp.191-196 ref.12

21. Evaluation of pad materials in construction of active evaporative cooler for storage of fruits and vegetables in arid environments.

Four pad materials (ground sponge, stem sponge, jute fibre and charcoal) were tested as pads for an active evaporative cooler. At an ambient temperature of 32°C and relative humidity 25%, the stem sponge gave the best performance, with a temperature reduction of up to 18°C and relative humidity...

Author(s) : Dzivama, A. U.; Aboaba, F. O.; Bindir, U. B.

Journal article : AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America 1999 Vol.30 No.3 pp.51-55 ref.18

22. Two-stage water-evaporation cooling of vehicle cabs.

An analysis is made of the pros and cons of indirect- and direct-action air-coolers for use in the cabs of agricultural vehicles. Data are presented on the temperature at the cooler outlet and the total air consumption as a function of the relative humidity of the ambient air, for indirect coolers...

Author(s) : Shatskiĭ, V. P.; Shalitkina, A. N.; Svistov, V. V.

Journal article : Traktory i Sel'skokhozyaĭstvennye Mashiny 1999 No.No. 7 pp.15-16 ref.2

23. Aerodynamic calculation on fans.

Details are given of the design and development of a novel twin-axis fan for the cooling system of the Russian T-300 tractor. It has a radial-axial inlet unit (RAIU) which alters the structure of the air flow and the aerodynamics of the fan (Russian Patent No. 1825902). The various possible...

Author(s) : Zakomoldin, I. I.; Zakomoldin, D. I.

Journal article : Traktory i Sel'skokhozyaĭstvennye Mashiny 1999 No.No. 8 pp.18-20 ref.6

24. Washing and cooling in one step.

A vegetable washing line is described which uses ice water for washing, at the same time cooling vegetables to the desired storage temperatures. Water usage and economical aspects of this system are considered.

Foreign Title :Waschen und Kühlen in einem Arbeitsgang.

Author(s) : Geyer, M.; Thomas, J.

Journal article : Gemüse (München) 1999 Vol.35 No.7 pp.441-443 ref.1

25. Future of absorption refrigeration in Indian dairy industry.

Vapour absorption refrigeration uses unconventional energy sources (e.g. solar energy, biogas and agricultural waste energy) and heat generated by processing as its cooling mechanism. Its use in the Indian dairy industry is discussed, with reference to village-level cooling of milk, buttermaking...

Author(s) : Kumar, S. R.; Dodeja, A. K.

Journal article : Indian Dairyman 1999 Vol.51 No.5 pp.13-16 ref.9