Search results: 18,463 results (approx.)

1. Suction feeding by elephants.

Despite having a trunk that weighs over 100 kg, elephants mainly feed on lightweight vegetation. How do elephants manipulate such small items? In this experimental and theoretical investigation, we filmed elephants at Zoo Atlanta showing that they can use suction to grab food, performing a...

Author(s) : Schulz, A. K.; Wu JiaNing; Ha YeonSara [Ha, Y. S. S.]; Kim, G.; Slade, S. B.; Rivera, S.; Reidenberg, J. S.; Hu, D. L.

Publisher : The Royal Society, London, UK

Journal article : Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2021 Vol.18 No.179 ref.54

2. Retriever and pointer: software to evaluate inbreeding and genetic management in captive populations.

The Retriever and Pointer software has been developed for genetic management of (small) captive populations The Retriever program uses as input pedigree data and extracts data on population structure that determine inbreeding rates such as skewness of sire contributions. Levels and rates of...

Author(s) : Windig, J. J.; Hulsegge, I.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Animals 2021 Vol.11 No.5 ref.27

3. Acute toxicity of Jatropha curcas (Barbados nut) latex extracts to Oreochromis niloticus juveniles.

The effects of the latex extract of Jatropha curcas on mortality rate, opercular ventilation rate and some behavioural responses of Oreochromis niloticus juveniles were investigated under laboratory conditions over a 96 hours exposure period. Juveniles of Oreochromis niloticus (Trewavas) were...

Author(s) : Usman, M.; Umaru, J. A.; Kigbu, A. A.

Publisher : Idodo-Umeh Publishers Ltd, Benin City, Nigeria

Journal article : Tropical Freshwater Biology 2021 Vol.29 No.2 pp.47-58

4. Diagnosis and treatment of Plasmodium infection in captive black and white tegus.

Malarial protozoa commonly infect both wild and captive lizards but the effects on the general health of these animals are not fully understood. We describe four clinical cases of Plasmodium infection in captive black and white tegus (Salvator merianae). The animals presented with lethargy,...

Author(s) : Pereira, F. M. A. M.; Oliveira, A. R. de; Mattioli, M. P.; Carneiro, F. T.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Comparative Pathology 2021 Vol.183 pp.9-12

5. Survey of post-cranial skeletal pathology in snakes.

Previous reports on skeletal pathology in captive snakes did not clarify the relationship of lesions to captive or free-ranging status. In this study, post-cranial skeletons from 7,950 captive and free-ranging snakes in nine of the major North American collections were examined macroscopically,...

Author(s) : Rothschild, B.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Comparative Pathology 2021 Vol.183 pp.39-44

6. Conservation, animal behaviour, and human-animal relationship in zoos. why is animal welfare so important?

Although zoos are committed to wildlife conservation and have a long-term positive impact on visitors' attitudes towards wildlife, the question of whether maintaining wild animals in human care is justified remains as animal welfare concerns grow and human understanding of animal intelligence and...

Author(s) : Escobar-Ibarra, I.; Mota-Rojas, D.; Gual-Sill, F.; Sánchez, C. R.; Baschetto, F.; Alonso-Spilsbury, M.

Publisher : Malque Publishing, Mossoró, Brazil

Journal article : Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology 2021 Vol.9 No.2 ref.many

7. An evaluation of interactive projections as digital enrichment for orangutans.

Digital technologies are increasingly being incorporated into the provision of enrichment for captive primates, ranging from the ad-hoc use of iPads to specifically designed hardware installed in the design of new exhibits. In this article, we present a digital enrichment system that utilizes a...

Author(s) : Carter, M.; Sherwen, S.; Webber, S.

Publisher : Wiley, Hoboken, USA

Journal article : Zoo Biology 2021 Vol.40 No.2 pp.107-114

8. Effect of enclosure expansion on the activity budgets of eastern black-and-white colobus monkeys, Colobus guereza.

Behavior is one of the most observable and informative indicators of animal welfare. This study used behavioral observation methodologies to evaluate the impact of an enclosure expansion on the activity budgets of a group of three eastern black-and-white colobus monkeys, Colobus guereza, housed at...

Author(s) : Robbins, R. L.; Sheridan, J.

Publisher : Wiley, Hoboken, USA

Journal article : Zoo Biology 2021 Vol.40 No.2 pp.115-123

9. Melengestrol acetate contraceptive implant use in colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza): patterns through time and differences in reproductive potential and live births.

Melengestrol acetate (MGA) implants are progestin-based reversible contraceptives used to manage fertility in zoo populations. Although it is recommended that MGA implants should be replaced every 2 years, the duration of efficacy has not been systematically evaluated in most species. Anecdotal...

Author(s) : McDonald, M. M.; Agnew, M. K.; Asa, C. S.; Powell, D. M.

Publisher : Wiley, Hoboken, USA

Journal article : Zoo Biology 2021 Vol.40 No.2 pp.124-134

10. Changes in blood heavy metals in cynomolgus monkeys after arrival from transportation and acclimation.

The blood levels of trace elements (Mn, Cr) and heavy metals (Pb, Cd) were determined upon arrival and one month after arrival of 71 male and 63 female cynomolgus monkeys. Blood samples were obtained from the cephalic vein within 30 minutes of administering ketamine hydrochloride (10 mg/kg) in the...

Publisher : Departmento de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Tropicales, Universidade del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela

Journal article : Kasmera 2021 Vol.49 No.1

11. Is animal welfare an internationally understood concept in the zoo world? Thematic analysis of two regional groups of zoo staff.

Universal frameworks for zoo animal welfare have been suggested. However, there is little evidence of a cross-cultural understanding of zoo animal welfare. This paper reports themes emerging from a qualitative study of international (European and Chinese) zoo professionals on zoo animal welfare...

Author(s) : Bacon, H.; Vigors, B.; Shaw, D. J.; Waran, N.; Dwyer, C. M.; Bell, C.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Animals 2021 Vol.11 No.7 ref.50

12. Left displacement of the abomasum in a reticulated giraffe bull in managed care.

A 10-y-old giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata) bull developed colic after a 3-mo history of reduced feed consumption. Physical examination and management were performed with 2 standing sedations. The giraffe developed metabolic alkalosis and progressive pre-renal azotemia followed by...

Author(s) : Thompson, K. A.; Eustace, R.; Mavangira, V.; Turner, C.; Monahan, C. F.

Publisher : Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, USA

Journal article : Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 2021 Vol.33 No.5 pp.1023-1027 ref.22

13. Enrichment of captive environment for effective animal reproduction.

Animals are kept in captivity for the purpose of recreation, experimentation, rearing, reproduction, conservation, research etc. This study reviews how adequate welfare must be provided for the animals in captivity so that they will be able to perform to their maximum capabilities. It is imperative ...

Author(s) : Oyeleye, O. O.

Publisher : Biotechnology Society of Nigeria (BSN), Jos, Nigeria

Journal article : Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology 2021 Vol.38 No.1 pp.154-159 ref.28

14. Patterns of wounding in mixed-sex social groups of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla).

Long-term, multi-institutional assessments have become a reliable tool for evaluating patterns of wounding in zoo-living primates, with results informing on best practices for species-specific care protocols and population management strategies. For western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla...

Author(s) : Leeds, A.; Boyer, D.; Ross, S. R.; Lukas, K. E.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Applied Animal Behaviour Science 2021 Vol.236

15. Quantification and risk factor analysis of elephant Endotheliotropic herpesvirus-haemorrhagic disease fatalities in Asian elephants Elephas maximus in Europe (1985-2017).

Elephant Endotheliotropic herpesvirus-haemorrhagic disease (EEHV-HD) is frequently stated to be the most common cause of death in captive Asian elephant Elephas maximus populations in Europe and North America. However, the impact on the European population has not been quantified. The aim of this...

Author(s) : Perrin, K. L.; Nielsen, S. S.; Martinussen, T.; Bertelsen, M. F.

Publisher : European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research 2021 Vol.9 No.1 pp.8-13 ref.26

16. The effect of a new enclosure on the behaviour of a large captive group of lion-tailed macaques Macaca silenus.

The captive environment can significantly impact animal behaviour. Relocating a captive group to a more biologically relevant enclosure can positively impact behaviour and welfare. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a new enclosure on the behaviour of a captive group of...

Author(s) : Newman, R.; McKeown, S.; Quirke, T.; O'Riordan, R. M.

Publisher : European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research 2021 Vol.9 No.1 pp.20-25 ref.28

17. Social associations in captive Caribbean flamingos Phoenicopterus ruber and their implications for flock management.

Studying the flamingo's preferential associations provides information on welfare indicators such as aggression and reproduction. This study investigated associations within the Caribbean flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber flock at Zoo de Granby, Québec, using an association index (AI) to measure the...

Author(s) : Finlay, C.; Weladji, R. B.; Paré, P.; Body, G.

Publisher : European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research 2021 Vol.9 No.1 pp.35-40 ref.39

18. When a habitat becomes a home: housing and husbandry of spotted hyenas Crocuta crocuta at Disney's animal kingdom®.

When animals are moved between facilities, as is commonly done in zoos, it may take them time to acclimate to their new surroundings. One way that zoos can increase animals' comfort in their new habitat is through training and enrichment programmes. In 2014, Disney's Animal Kingdom® received two...

Author(s) : Weibel, C. J.; Miller, A.; Hill, N. A.; Newcomer, M.; Ferrie, G. M.

Publisher : European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research 2021 Vol.9 No.1 pp.61-65 ref.16

19. Quarterly review of diagnostic cases: October to December 2020.

The epidemiology, prevalence, pathology, clinical signs and diagnosis of infectious and non-infectious diseases in cats, dogs, cattle, horses, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry and other birds, zoo animals and wild animals in New Zealand during October-December 2020 are described.

Publisher : Ministry for Primary Industries, Wellington, New Zealand

Journal article : Surveillance (Wellington) 2021 Vol.48 No.1 pp.15-24 ref.12

20. Identification of the time of permanent tooth eruption in captive Japanese black bears (Ursus thibetanus japonicus).

To determine which teeth should be selected for black bear age determination, we observed the eruption time of permanent teeth in nine captive black bears (Ursus thibetanus japonicus) aged 4-12 months. In all observed bears, the lower first premolar erupted first, and all permanent teeth erupted...

Author(s) : Hamasaki, A.

Publisher : Japanese Society of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Journal article : Japanese Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 2021 Vol.26 No.1 pp.7-10 ref.12

21. Brain lesions in aging zoo-housed naked mole-rats (Heterocephalus glaber).

Naked mole-rats (NMRs) are common in the managed care of zoos and valuable models for aging research. Limited information on NMR neuropathology is available despite many studies regarding their aging physiology. Histologic sections of brain from 27 adult (5-27 years old) NMRs from 2 zoos were...

Author(s) : Ward, J. M.; Cartoceti, A. N.; Delaney, M. A.

Publisher : Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, USA

Journal article : Veterinary Pathology 2021 Vol.58 No.1 pp.142-146 ref.25

22. Long-term deep sedation using zoletil and haloperidol for the treatment of streptococcal pneumonia in an orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus).

A 13-year-old Bornean orangutan diagnosed with life threatening Streptococcus pyogenes broncho-pneumonia was kept in a state of deep sedation for 20 days via continuous intra-venous (IV) infusion of zolazepam -tiletamine and IV haloperidol to allow consistent IV administration of ceftazidime and...

Author(s) : Martelli, P.; Oh, S.

Publisher : Japanese Society of Veterinary Science, Tokyo, Japan

Journal article : Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 2021 Vol.83 No.5 pp.809-813 ref.19

23. Posture abnormalities as indicators of musculoskeletal disorders in 12 zoo elephants - a visual guide.

Musculoskeletal disorders represent one of the many challenges in elephant care. In contrast to other species, elephants rarely express distinct lameness despite severe lesions. Therefore, alterations in their posture and weight distribution while standing seem to be easier to recognize. To raise...

Author(s) : Schiffmann, C.

Publisher : IUCN/SSN Asian Elephant Specialist Group, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka

Journal article : Gajah. Journal of the Asian Elephant Specialist Group 2021 No.53 pp.20-29 ref.many

24. Using GnRH vaccine during post musth in captive Asian elephants.

Author(s) : Wijekoon, T.; Aslam, M.; Dangolla, A.

Publisher : IUCN/SSN Asian Elephant Specialist Group, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka

Journal article : Gajah. Journal of the Asian Elephant Specialist Group 2021 No.53 pp.43-46 ref.13

25. Chemical restraint and translocation of a bull Asian elephant that strayed into a zoo.

Author(s) : Sahu, S. K.; Purohit, K. L.; Mohapatra, R. K.; Sudarsan Panda

Publisher : IUCN/SSN Asian Elephant Specialist Group, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka

Journal article : Gajah. Journal of the Asian Elephant Specialist Group 2021 No.53 pp.47-50 ref.9