Search results: 35,156 results (approx.)

1. Improved accuracy of wildfire simulations using fuel hazard estimates based on environmental data.

Wildfire extent and their impacts are increasing around the world. Fire management agencies use fire behaviour simulation models operationally (during a wildfire event) or strategically for risk assessment and treatment. These models provide agencies with increased knowledge of fire potential to...

Author(s) : Penman, T. D.; McColl-Gausden, S. C.; Cirulis, B. A.; Kultaev, D.; Ababei, D. A.; Bennett, L. T.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Environmental Management 2022 Vol.301

2. Elevation in wildfire frequencies with respect to the climate change.

Forests have been undergoing through immense pressure due to the factors like human activities; procurement of forest products and climate change which is a major factor influencing this pressure buildup on forests. Climate change and temperature increase caused by anthropogenic activities have...

Author(s) : Sheikh Mansoor; Iqra Farooq; Kachroo, M. M.; Mahmoud, A. E. D.; Fawzy, M.; Popescu, S. M.; Alyemeni, M. N.; Sonne, C.; Rinklebe, J.; Parvaiz Ahmad

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Environmental Management 2022 Vol.301 ref.60

3. Spatial modeling of fire occurrence probability in a protected area in western Mexico.

Forest fires can generate economic losses, social vulnerability, and environmental damage. Therefore, more knowledge about the causes and effects on the territory is needed. The present study aimed to develop a spatial model to determine the influence of socio-economic and environmental variables...

Author(s) : Sahagún-Sánchez, F. J.; Méndez-García, A. J.; Huerta-Martínez, F. M.; Espinoza-Guzmán, M. A.

Publisher : AVES Publishing, Istanbul, Turkey

Journal article : FORESTIST 2022 Vol.72 No.1 pp.10-19 ref.many

4. Multi-hazard susceptibility and exposure assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya.

Mountainous regions are highly hazardous, and these hazards often lead to loss of human life. The Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH), like many mountainous regions, is the site of multiple and overlapping natural hazards, but the distribution of multi-hazard risk and the populations exposed to it are poorly ...

Author(s) : Rusk, J.; Amina Maharjan; Prakash Tiwari; Chen, T. H. K.; Shneiderman, S.; Turin, M.; Seto, K. C.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2022 Vol.804 ref.103

5. Identifying microclimate tree seedling refugia in post-wildfire landscapes.

High-severity wildfire in arid regions has caused ecological state change, transforming previously forested areas into shrublands. This dramatically alters the microclimatic conditions, which can exceed the climatic tolerance of tree seedlings, rendering the likelihood of returning post-wildlife...

Author(s) : Marsh, C.; Krofcheck, D.; Hurteau, M. D.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2022 Vol.313 ref.96

6. Societal benefits from wildfire mitigation activities through payments for watershed services: insights from Colorado.

Payments for watershed services (PWS) programs are becoming a popular governance approach in the western United States (US) to fund forest management aimed at source water protection. In this paper we conduct a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of one of the first collaboratively funded PWS programs in...

Author(s) : Jones, K. W.; Gannon, B.; Timberlake, T.; Chamberlain, J. L.; Wolk, B.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Forest Policy and Economics 2022 Vol.135 ref.108

7. Post-fire temporal trends in soil-physical and -hydraulic properties and simulated runoff generation: insights from different burn severities in the 2013 black forest fire, CO, USA.

Burn severity influences on post-fire recovery of soil-hydraulic properties controlling runoff generation are poorly understood despite the importance for parameterizing infiltration models. We measured soil-hydraulic properties of field-saturated hydraulic conductivity (Kfs), sorptivity (S), and...

Author(s) : Ebel, B. A.; Moody, J. A.; Martin, D. A.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2022 Vol.802

8. Wildfire, smoke, and outdoor recreation in the western United States.

Wildfire activity is increasing in the western United States at a time when outdoor recreation is growing in popularity. Because peak outdoor recreation and wildfire seasons overlap, fires can disrupt recreation and expose people to poor air quality. We link daily data on campground use at 1069...

Author(s) : Gellman, J.; Walls, M.; Wibbenmeyer, M.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Forest Policy and Economics 2022 Vol.134 ref.45

9. Framework for assessing live fine fuel loads and biomass consumption during fire.

Accurate quantification of fine fuel loads (e.g. foliage and twigs) in forests is required for many fire behaviour models, and for assessing post-fire changes in carbon stocks and modelling smoke emissions. Fine fuels burn readily and are thus often targeted for fuel load assessments. Estimates of...

Author(s) : Nolan, R. H.; Price, O. F.; Samson, S. A.; Jenkins, M. E.; Rahmani, S.; Boer, M. M.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Forest Ecology and Management 2022 Vol.504

10. Constraints on tree seedling establishment after fires: passing the germination bottlenecks.

Persistence and colonization by tree species in an environment following a fire depends on the effects on seed germination and seedling development. We used seeds of Kielmeyera coriacea and Qualea parviflora as a model to test the effects of high temperatures on germination and initial development...

Author(s) : Macedo, M. A.; Pinhate, S. B.; Bowen, E. C.; Musso, C.; Miranda, H. S.

Publisher : Wiley, Berlin, Germany

Journal article : Plant Biology 2022 Vol.24 No.1 pp.176-184

11. Logging and wildfire limit the distribution of a vulnerable arboreal mammal.

Habitat loss and degradation are two of the greatest threats to biodiversity conservation globally. In Australia, the incidence of wildfire and native forest logging contribute substantially to these processes and have been linked to reduced species diversity and abundance. Arboreal species such as ...

Author(s) : Lefoe, M.; Rendall, A. R.; McKinnon, F.; Whisson, D. A.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Forest Ecology and Management 2022 Vol.503

12. Are digestibility and flammability related? Two variables shaping landscape dynamics of Nrthwestern Patagonian forests.

Large herbivores prefer to consume plants with high concentration of digestible carbohydrates and protein, whereas fire spread is favored by foliage characteristics that induce rapid ignition and high radiant energy. We tested in eight Patagonian woody plants whether foliar traits that determine...

Author(s) : Gowda, J. H.; Blackhall, M.; Shipley, L.; Kitzberger, T.; Tiribelli, F.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Forest Ecology and Management 2022 Vol.503

13. Machine-learning-based evaluation of the time-lagged effect of meteorological factors on 10-hour dead fuel moisture content.

Ten-hour dead fuel moisture content (DFMC10) is an important determinant of wildfire risk, as it provides a reasonable proxy to vegetation flammability. Thus far DFMC10 prediction by physical models has shown limited accordance with empirical measurements. DFMC10 can be measured using fuel-sticks,...

Author(s) : Shmuel, A.; Ziv, Y.; Heifetz, E.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Forest Ecology and Management 2022 Vol.505 ref.36

14. A novel approach to estimating soil yield risk in fire prone ecosystems.

Increasing fire activity in the American west heightens the need for natural resource managers to identify where risk associated with post-fire effects is greatest. This is particularly true for water resources, as many headwater forests are at risk for stand replacing fires. However, current...

Author(s) : Badik, K. J.; Wilson, C.; Kampf, S. K.; Saito, L.; Provencher, L.; Byer, S.; Hazelwood, M.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Forest Ecology and Management 2022 Vol.505 ref.74

15. Postfire treatments alter forest canopy structure up to three decades after fire.

We evaluated the effects of postfire management on forest structure in mixed-conifer forests of northeastern Washington, USA. Postfire treatments were harvest-only, harvest combined with planting, planting-only, and postfire prescribed fire. We used aerial light detection and ranging (LiDAR) to...

Author(s) : Cansler, C. A.; Kane, van R.; Bartl-Geller, B. N.; Churchill, D. J.; Hessburg, P. F.; Povak, N. A.; Lutz, J. A.; Kane, J.; Larson, A. J.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Forest Ecology and Management 2022 Vol.505 ref.83

16. Environmental incident - SEISS report (fire).

Publisher : Health Protection Scotland, Glasgow, UK

Journal article : HPS Weekly Report 2021 Vol.55 No.45

17. Barriers to fire spread in northern Australian tropical savannas, deriving fire edge metrics from long term high-frequency fire histories.

The savannas of northern Australia are amongst the most fire-prone landscapes in the world. However, over the last fifteen years, increasing effort has been put into reducing fire extent and severity using prescribed burning strategies early in the dry season. This study seeks to improve the...

Author(s) : Fisher, R.; Lewis, B.; Price, O.; Pickford, A.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Environmental Management 2022 Vol.301 ref.49

18. Fire and post-fire management alters soil microbial abundance and activity: a case study in semi-arid shrubland soils.

Soil microbial communities play a key role in ecological processes; however, the effects of fire, and post-fire management practices such as hydroseeding, on microbial abundance and activity are still poorly known. We sampled surface soil (0-10 cm) from unburned (UNB), burned and naturally...

Author(s) : Vourlitis, G.; Steinecke, D.; Martinez, T.; Konda, K.; Rendon, R.; Hall, V.; Khor, S.; Sethuraman, A.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Applied Soil Ecology 2022 Vol.171 ref.79

19. Wildfires can increase regulated nitrate, arsenic, and disinfection byproduct violations and concentrations in public drinking water supplies.

Wildfires are a concern for water quality in the United States, particularly in the wildland-urban interface of populous areas. Wildfires combust vegetation and surface soil organic matter, reduce plant nutrient uptake, and can alter the composition of runoff and receiving waters. At the...

Author(s) : Pennino, M. J.; Leibowitz, S. G.; Compton, J. E.; Beyene, M. T.; Leduc, S. D.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2022 Vol.804 ref.76

20. Impact of the 2016 Fort McMurray wildfires on atmospheric deposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and trace elements to surrounding ombrotrophic bogs.

Fort McMurray and the Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR) experienced major wildfires in 2016, but the impact of these on regional deposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and trace elements has not been reported nor compared to industrial sources of these pollutants in the region....

Author(s) : Zhang YiFeng; Pelletier, R.; Noernberg, T.; Donner, M. W.; Grant-Weaver, I.; Martin, J. W.; Shotyk, W.

Publisher : Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environment International 2022 Vol.158 ref.71

21. Predicting downed woody material carbon stocks in forests of the conterminous United States.

Downed woody material (DWM) is a unique part of the forest carbon cycle serving as a pool between living biomass and subsequent atmospheric emission or transference to other forest pools. Thus, DWM is an individually defined pool in national greenhouse gas inventories. The diversity of DWM carbon...

Author(s) : Smith, J. E.; Domke, G. M.; Woodall, C. W.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2022 Vol.803 ref.78

22. A wildfire growth prediction and evaluation approach using Landsat and MODIS data.

The increasing wildfire occurrence due to global climate changes urged the improvement of present wildfire growth prediction and evaluation methods. This study aimed to propose novel solutions to their two primary limitations, including the lack of robust fuel classification method and the low...

Author(s) : Radocaj, D.; Jurišic, M.; Gašparovic, M.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Environmental Management 2022 Vol.304 ref.59

23. Black carbon over a high altitude Central Himalayan Glacier: variability, transport, and radiative impacts.

Ambient equivalent black carbon (BC) measurements spanning from June to October have been carried out over an adjoining location of Satopanth and Bhagirath-Kharak Glaciers (3858m, amsl) of Central Himalaya during the year 2019. Hourly BC varied from 12 ng m-3 to 439 ng m-3 during the entire period...

Author(s) : Sandeep, K.; Panicker, A. S.; Gautam, A. S.; Beig, G.; Naveen Gandhi; Sanjeev, S.; Shankar, R.; Nainwal, H. C.

Publisher : Elsevier Inc, Orlando, USA

Journal article : Environmental Research 2022 Vol.204 No.Part B ref.56

24. Fire increases soil nitrogen retention and alters nitrogen uptake patterns among dominant shrub species in an Arctic dry heath tundra.

Climate change increases the frequency and severity of fire in the Arctic tundra regions. We assessed effects of fire in combination with summer warming on soil biogeochemical N- and P cycles with a focus on mineral N over two years following an experimental fire in a dry heath tundra, West...

Author(s) : Xu WenYi; Elberling, B.; Ambus, P. L.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2022 Vol.807 No.Part 3 ref.107

25. Characteristics of lightning-caused wildfires in central Brazil in relation to cloud-ground and dry lightning.

Lightning ignition is the major cause of natural wildfires in several regions worldwide. Determining if wildfires in remote uncontrolled areas result from natural lightning as opposed to anthropic action is a relevant and yet-unsolved challenge for large regions of the planet, with scientific and...

Author(s) : Schumacher, V.; Setzer, A.; Saba, M. M. F.; Naccarato, K. P.; Mattos, E.; Justino, F.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2022 Vol.312 ref.121