Search results: 34,672 results (approx.)

1. Habitat heterogeneity induced by pyrogenic organic matter in wildfire-perturbed soils mediates bacterial community assembly processes.

Although pyrogenic organic matter (PyOM) generated during wildfires plays a critical role in post-fire ecosystem recovery, the specific mechanisms by which PyOM controls soil microbial community assembly after wildfire perturbation remain largely uncharacterized. Herein we characterized the effect...

Author(s) : Zhang LuJun; Ma Bin; Tang CaiXian; Yu HaoDan; Lv XiaoFei; Rodrigues, J. L. M.; Dahlgren, R. A.; Xu JianMing

Publisher : Nature Publishing Group, London, UK

Journal article : ISME Journal 2021 Vol.15 No.7 pp.1943-1955 ref.58

2. Remote sensing-based operational modeling of fuel ignitability in Hyrcanian mixed forest, Iran.

To date, the efficiency and effectiveness of early warning systems of satellite imagery for preventing and mitigating wildfire remain a challenging issue. The heat of pre-ignition (Qig) can be an index of fire likelihood, which is further enhanced with remotely sensed data, active fire data, and...

Author(s) : Adab, H.; Kanniah, K. D.; Solaimani, K.

Publisher : Springer, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Natural Hazards 2021 Vol.108 No.1 pp.253-283 ref.many

3. The effect of wildfire and land-cover changes on the economic value of ecosystem services in Mount Carmel Biosphere Reserve, Israel.

The contribution of ecosystem services (ES) to human wellbeing relies on the ecosystem's ability to supply ES. Managing the pressures affecting ES in protected areas can enhance ES value over time. Our objective was to estimate the change in ES values in a heterogenous Biosphere Reserve (BR)...

Author(s) : Raviv, O.; Shiri, Z. S.; Ido, I.; Alon, L.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Ecosystem Services 2021 Vol.49

4. Current trend of carbon emissions from wildfires in Siberia.

Smoke from wildfires in Siberia often affects air quality over vast territories of the Northern hemisphere during the summer. Increasing fire emissions also affect regional and global carbon balance. To estimate annual carbon emissions from wildfires in Siberia from 2002-2020, we categorized levels ...

Author(s) : Ponomarev, E.; Yakimov, N.; Ponomareva, T.; Yakubailik, O.; Conard, S. G.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Atmosphere 2021 Vol.12 No.5 ref.49

5. Study on forest fire risk classification in china using cluster analysis.

Forest fire risk classification is the basis of forest fire management. The study of forest fire risk classification can help understanding the pattern of forest fire occurrence, provide fire prediction and warning information for forest fire management, make forest fire management targeted, and...

Author(s) : Zhao PengWu; Wu JunYi; Zhang Heng

Publisher : Journal of Forestry Engineering, Nanjing, China

Journal article : Journal of Forestry Engineering 2021 Vol.6 No.3 pp.142-148 ref.10

6. An optimal firebreak design for the boreal forest of China.

Wildfire often causes the loss of lives, damage to property, and alteration of the environment. Great efforts have been made in the world to reduce the impacts of fire including fuel reduction and modification, prescribe burning, and firebreak construction. Firebreaks have been used in forest fire...

Author(s) : Zong XueZheng; Tian XiaoRui; Wang XianLi

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2021 Vol.781

7. Functional response of benthic macroinvertebrates to fire disturbance in Patagonian streams.

Disturbances often act as ecological filters through which only certain combinations of biological traits may pass. Here, we aimed to determine if an unprescribed human-started wildfire can act as a filter for stream-dwelling macroinvertebrates. To do this, we sampled three burnt and two reference...

Author(s) : Williams-Subiza, E. A.; Brand, C.

Publisher : Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands

Journal article : Hydrobiologia 2021 Vol.848 No.7 pp.1575-1591 ref.many

8. CNN-based burned area mapping using radar and optical data.

In this paper, we present an in-depth analysis of the use of convolutional neural networks (CNN), a deep learning method widely applied in remote sensing-based studies in recent years, for burned area (BA) mapping combining radar and optical datasets acquired by Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 on-board...

Author(s) : Belenguer-Plomer, M. A.; Tanase, M. A.; Chuvieco, E.; Bovolo, F.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Remote Sensing of Environment 2021 Vol.260 ref.many

9. Fire-triggered flowering is the dominant post-fire strategy in a tropical savanna.

Questions In fire-prone ecosystems, fire can enhance the flowering and fruiting of many species, a strategy assumed to be well represented in savanna. Despite this, there are surprisingly few studies assessing how prevalent fire-stimulated flowering is. Thus, we asked: (a) are there differences in...

Author(s) : Zirondi, H. L.; Ooi, M. K. J.; Fidelis, A.

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Vegetation Science 2021 Vol.32 No.2

10. Temporal and spatial characteristics of forest fires in northern and southern China from 1998 to 2017.

The functional data analysis method of Poisson distribution model was used to fit data of forest fires which took place in the northern and southern parts of China during 1998-2017. Then the functional principal component analysis was further applied to extract the principal components of forest...

Author(s) : Huang JiaWen; Li ShiJing; Zhang JieHao; You CuiLing; Wen YongXian

Publisher : Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, China

Journal article : Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (Natural Science Edition) 2021 Vol.50 No.1 pp.85-94 ref.24

11. "there will be mushrooms again" - foraging, landscape and forest fire.

In this paper, we address the relevance of recreational foraging, picking berries and mushrooms, for developing connection to nature and what happens when that practice is interrupted by drastic landscape change. We use the site of the largest forest fire in modern Swedish history as a case to...

Author(s) : Butler, A.; Ångman, E.; Ode Sang, Å.; Sarlöv-Herlin, I.; Åkerskog, A.; Knez, I.

Publisher : Elsevier, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 2021 Vol.33 ref.67

12. Soil-vegetation relationships in Mediterranean forests after fire.

Background: Wildfires are one of the major environmental concerns in Mediterranean ecosystems. Thus, many studies have addressed wildfire impacts on soil and vegetation in Mediterranean forests, but the linkages between these ecosystem compartments after fire are not well understood. The aim of...

Author(s) : Fernández-García, V.; Marcos, E.; Huerta, S.; Calvo, L.

Publisher : SpringerOpen, Berlin, Germany

Journal article : Forest Ecosystems 2021 Vol.8 No.18 pp.(01 March 2021) ref.many

13. Climate-induced arctic-boreal peatland fire and carbon loss in the 21st century.

Boreal peatlands are increasingly vulnerable to wildfires as climate change continues accelerating. Fires consume substantial quantities of organic soils and rapidly transfer large stocks of terrestrial carbon to the atmosphere. Herein, we quantify the minimum environmental temperature from -45°C...

Author(s) : Lin ShaoRun; Liu YanHui; Huang XinYan

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2021 Vol.796 ref.68

14. How fire history affects germination cues of three perennial grasses from the mountain steppes of Golestan national park.

Smoke and heat as germination cues are some of the most important drivers stimulating seed germination. However, the impact of germination factors from wildfire (i.e., smoke and heat) on the germination of species occurring in western Asia has rarely been investigated. We aimed to analyze the...

Author(s) : Zaki, E.; Abedi, M.; Naqinezhad, A.

Publisher : Elsevier GmbH, Munich, Germany

Journal article : Flora (Jena) 2021 Vol.280 ref.many

15. And after fire, the Cerrado flowers: a review of post-fire flowering in a tropical savanna.

Post-fire flowering is a fire-adaptive trait that is underused in fire ecology literature to describe plant responses to fire. Most of the species described so far as having this strategy occur in mediterranean vegetation, while less is known about this event in tropical savannas. European...

Author(s) : Fidelis, A.; Zirondi, H. L.

Publisher : Elsevier GmbH, Munich, Germany

Journal article : Flora (Jena) 2021 Vol.280

16. Improving fire retardancy of unheated and heat-treated fir wood by nano-sepiolite.

The effects of nano-sepiolite (NS) on fire properties of unheated and heat-treated fir wood were studied using a newly developed apparatus. Separate sets of specimens were prepared to be painted with plain acrylic-latex paint and NS-treated paint as well. Heat treatment of specimens was carried out ...

Author(s) : Taghiyari, H. R.; Tajvidi, M.; Soltani, A.; Esmailpour, A.; Khodadoosti, G.; Jafarzadeh, H.; Militz, H.; Papadopoulos, A. N.

Publisher : Springer-Verlag GmbH, Berlin, Germany

Journal article : European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 2021 Vol.79 No.4 pp.841-849 ref.many

17. Application of the socio-ecological system framework to forest fire risk management: a systematic literature review.

Although increasing concern about climate change has raised awareness of the fundamental role of forest ecosystems, forests are threatened by human-induced impacts worldwide. Among them, wildfire risk is clearly the result of the interaction between human activities, ecological domains, and...

Author(s) : Vigna, I.; Besana, A.; Comino, E.; Pezzoli, A.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Sustainability 2021 Vol.13 No.4 ref.91

18. Factors influencing the structure of macroinvertebrate communities in subarctic lakes affected by wildfires.

Fires are a natural phenomenon in the boreal forest, but their frequency is expected to increase over the coming century. Fires may affect water quality and invertebrates in lakes, but there have been few studies in the northern boreal forest to describe these impacts. We collected data on water...

Author(s) : Pretty, T. J.; Chanyi, C. M.; Kuhn, C.; Gray, D. K.

Publisher : NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Canada

Journal article : Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2021 Vol.78 No.3 pp.218-231 ref.many

19. Forest fires in madeira island and the fire weather created by orographic effects.

Understanding the effects of weather and topography on fire spread in specific contexts, such as oceanic islands, is critical for supporting fire prevention and suppression strategies. In this study, we analyse the atmospheric conditions associated with historical forest fires that have occurred...

Author(s) : Couto, F. T.; Salgado, R.; Guiomar, N.

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Atmosphere 2021 Vol.12 No.7 ref.66

20. Hydrocarbon compound evidence in marine successions of South China for frequent wildfires during the Permian-Triassic transition.

Combustion-derived polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are frequently used as molecular proxies for wildfire in recent and ancient sediments. Here, we document the abundances of four hydrocarbon compounds, i.e., phenanthrene (Phe), benzo[e]pyrene (BeP), benzo[ghi]perylene (Bpery), and coronene...

Author(s) : Zhou WenFeng; Algeo, T. J.; Luo GenMing; Ruan XiaoYan; Chen ZhongQiang; Xie ShuCheng

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Global and Planetary Change 2021 Vol.200

21. Streamlined wildland-urban interface fire tracing (SWUIFT): modeling wildfire spread in communities.

The wildland-urban interface (WUI) is defined as a geographic area where human developments and flammable vegetation merge in a wildfire-prone environment. Losses due to wildfire have been rising in the past decade, attributed to changes in vegetation growth, fuel availability, and increased land...

Author(s) : Masoudvaziri, N.; Bardales, F. S.; Keskin, O. K.; Sarreshtehdari, A.; Sun Kang; Elhami-Khorasani, N.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environmental Modelling & Software 2021 Vol.143

22. Global sensitivity analysis for uncertainty quantification in fire spread models.

Environmental models involve inherent uncertainties, the understanding of which is required for use by practitioners. One method of uncertainty quantification is global sensitivity analysis (GSA), which has been extensively used in environmental modeling. The suitability of GSA methods depends on...

Author(s) : Ujjwal, K. C.; Aryal, J.; Garg, S.; Hilton, J.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environmental Modelling & Software 2021 Vol.143

23. Deep fire topology: understanding the role of landscape spatial patterns in wildfire occurrence using artificial intelligence.

Increasing wildfire activity globally has become an urgent issue with enormous ecological and social impacts. In this work, we focus on analyzing and quantifying the influence of landscape topology, understood as the spatial structure and interaction of multiple land-covers in an area, on fire...

Author(s) : Pais, C.; Miranda, A.; Carrasco, J.; Shen Max [Shen, M. Z. J.]

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environmental Modelling & Software 2021 Vol.143

24. Fire frequency, state change and hysteresis in tallgrass prairie.

Hysteresis is a fundamental characteristic of alternative stable state theory, yet evidence of hysteresis is rare. In mesic grasslands, fire frequency regulates transition from grass- to shrub-dominated system states. It is uncertain, however, if increasing fire frequency can reverse shrub...

Author(s) : Collins, S. L.; Nippert, J. B.; Blair, J. M.; Briggs, J. M.; Blackmore, P.; Ratajczak, Z.

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Ecology Letters 2021 Vol.24 No.4 pp.636-647 ref.1

25. Wildfire severity influences offspring sex ratio in a native solitary bee.

Although ecological disturbances can have a strong influence on pollinators through changes in habitat, virtually no studies have quantified how characteristics of wildfire influence the demography of essential pollinators. Nevertheless, evaluating this topic is critical for understanding how...

Author(s) : Galbraith, S. M.; Cane, J. H.; Rivers, J. W.

Publisher : Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany

Journal article : Oecologia 2021 Vol.195 No.1 pp.65-75 ref.many