Search results: 28,775 results (approx.)

1. The response of benthic Foraminifera to heavy metals and grain sizes: a case study from Hainan Island, China.

Benthic foraminifera, heavy metals, and sediment grain sizes were studied in three bays of Hainan Island, and canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) and nonparametric regression were used to reveal the relationship between foraminifera and their environment. According to our survey, the three bays ...

Author(s) : Li Tao; Cai GuanQiang; Zhang MuHui; Li Sun; Nie Xin

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Marine Pollution Bulletin 2021 Vol.167

2. Nanoparticles in the soil-plant system: a review.

Nanoparticles are increasingly used in many industrial sectors due to their unique properties, yet their introduction in ecosystems is of concern for health and food security. In particular, the accumulation of nanoparticles in soils may disturb the soil and plant system, possibly inducing a risk...

Author(s) : Bilal Ahmed; Asfa Rizvi; Khursheed Ali; Lee Jintae; Almas Zaidi; Khan, M. S.; Javed Musarrat

Publisher : Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany

Journal article : Environmental Chemistry Letters 2021 Vol.19 No.2 pp.1545-1609 ref.many

3. Iron decorated n-TiO2 film with enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible irradiation.

Removal of protein from artificial and natural wastewater was performed using Fe-doped TiO2 film under visible light in an in-house made photoreactor. The Fe(III) dopant improved TiO2 absorption in the visible region. Fe(III) dopant at 2.5%wt. in TiO2 gave the highest yield of protein...

Author(s) : Theerakarunwong, C. D.; Chuaychai, W.; Phanichphant, S.

Publisher : Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand

Journal article : Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology 2021 Vol.43 No.3 pp.660-666 ref.many

4. Chlorpyrifos remediation in agriculture runoff with homogeneous solar photo-Fenton reaction at near neutral pH: phytotoxicity assessment.

This study represents the first application of Fe-citrate-based photo-Fenton chemistry for the degradation of chlorpyrifos (CPF) spiked into agricultural runoff, and its phytotoxicity assessment. The effects of the initial CPF concentration, time and ratio of Fe-citrate/H2O2 on CPF removal during...

Author(s) : Naddafi, K.; Martinez, S. S.; Nabizadeh, R.; Yaghmaeian, K.; Shahtaheri, S. J.; Amiri, H.

Publisher : IWA Publishing, London, UK

Journal article : Water Science and Technology 2021 Vol.83 No.1 pp.212-222 ref.46

5. Copper bioavailability, uptake, toxicity and tolerance in plants: a comprehensive review.

Copper (Cu) is an essential element for humans and plants when present in lesser amount, while in excessive amounts it exerts detrimental effects. There subsists a narrow difference amid the indispensable, positive and detrimental concentration of Cu in living system, which substantially alters...

Author(s) : Vinod Kumar; Shevita Pandita; Sidhu, G. P. S.; Anket Sharma; Kanika Khanna; Parminder Kaur; Bali, A. S.; Raj Setia

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Chemosphere 2021 Vol.262 ref.many

6. A 3D ecotoxi-topological profile: using concentration-time-response surfaces to show peroxidase activity in Zea mays (L.) exposed to aluminium or arsenic in hydroponic conditions.

This study sought to use concentration-time-response surfaces to show the effects of exposure to toxic (semi-)metals on peroxidase activity in higher plants as a function of exposure-concentration and exposure-time. Maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings (i.e., leaves and roots) were exposed to arsenic (as...

Author(s) : Engel, F.; Cotelle, S.; Somensi, C. A.; Testolin, R. C.; Corrêa, R.; Toumi, H.; Férard, J. F.; Radetski, C. M.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Chemosphere 2021 Vol.262 ref.many

7. Assessment of metal pollution on the cultivation of olive trees in the petrochemical industrial zone of Arzew (Algeria).

The olive tree is considered among the most dominant tree crops in Algeria. This culture is often found on the roadsides and around the polluting centers in the western regions. The first study was realized to evaluate the absorption of Copper, Zinc, Lead and Mercury in the roots, shoots and olive...

Author(s) : Labdaoui, D.; Lotmani, B.; Aguedal, H.

Publisher : Infofacility, Ghaziabad, India

Journal article : South Asian Journal of Experimental Biology 2021 Vol.11 No.3 pp.227-233 ref.36

8. Comparative toxicity of rod-shaped nano-CeO2 and nano-CePO4 to lettuce.

The influence of morphology on the biological effects of nanomaterials (NMs) has not been well understood. In the present study, we compared the phytotoxicity of rod-shaped nano-cerium dioxide (R-CeO2) and nano-cerium phosphate (R-CePO4) to lettuce plants. The results showed that R-CeO2...

Author(s) : Liu YaBo; Ma YuHui; Jiao ChunLei; Liu MengYao; Luo WenHe; Dong ChaoNan; Fan ShiXian; He Xiao; Yang Fang; Zhang ZhiYong

Publisher : Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Metallomics 2021 Vol.13 No.7

9. A novel pre-emergence herbicide (diclosulam) as an environmentally friendly weed management option in peanut and its phytotoxicity evaluation.

A two-season field experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of diclosulam compared with recommended doses of pendimethalin and oxyfluorfen for weed management in peanut. Persistence of diclosulam in oil, de-oiled cake, haulm of peanut, and soil was also studied. Diclosulam 22 and 26 g a.i. ...

Author(s) : Meena, H. N.; Yadav, R. S.; Jain, N. K.; Mayank Yadav

Publisher : Wiley, Tokyo, Japan

Journal article : Weed Biology and Management 2021 Vol.21 No.1 pp.19-27 ref.31

10. The interplay between calcium and strontium in Chinese cabbage under normal and low calcium conditions.

The structure and chemical properties of strontium and calcium are similar. To study the interplay between calcium and strontium in plants, different concentrations of SrCl2 (0, 1, 4, and 10 mmol. L21) were added to the Hoagland nutrient solution with 4 mmol. L21 Ca2+ (normal level Ca2+) or 0.4...

Author(s) : Qiu NianWei; Tian Li; Yan Xifeng; Dong HaoYu; Zhang MengYu; Han GuoLiang; Zhou Feng

Publisher : American Society for Horticultural Science, Alexandria, USA

Journal article : HortScience 2021 Vol.56 No.8 pp.875-880 ref.34

11. Factors affecting cadmium accumulation in rice and strategies for minimization.

Cadmium (Cd) is an extremely toxic and widely distributed heavy metal. Cd in farmland has adverse impacts on crop growth and development, and threatens human health via the food chain. Rice, as a staple food crop in China, plays an important role in food security. However, rice tends to absorb and...

Author(s) : Jiang Nan; Yan Xu; Zhou YanBiao; Zhou QunFeng; Wang Kai; Yang YuanZhu

Publisher : China National Rice Research Institute (CNRRI), Hangzhou, China

Journal article : Chinese Journal of Rice Science 2021 Vol.35 No.4 pp.342-351 ref.86

12. Interactions between as and se upon long exposure time and effects on nutrients translocation in golden flaxseed seedlings.

Se is a beneficial nutrient for some plant species, while As is considered a toxic element, even at low concentrations. This study investigated the interaction between As and Se on golden flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) seedlings to better understand the extent of Se in the mitigation of As...

Author(s) : Sousa, G. V.; Teles, V. L. G.; Pereira, E. G.; Modolo, L. V.; Costa, L. M.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Hazardous Materials 2021 Vol.402

13. Polyurea microencapsulate suspension: an efficient carrier for enhanced herbicidal activity of pretilachlor and reducing its side effects.

In this study, Pretilachlor polyurea microencapsulate suspension (PMS) with effective controlled release function was carefully prepared. Under the optimal conditions, wall material PM-200 dosage 4%, emulsifier T-60 dosage 4% with S-20 as solvent, the prepared PMS was demonstrated to have...

Author(s) : Chen HongJun; Liu Xiu; Wang HongKun; Wu SiYu; Li JingBo; Jin ChenZhong; Xu HanHong

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Hazardous Materials 2021 Vol.402

14. Effects of different surface-coated nTiO2 on full-grown carrot plants: impacts on root splitting, essential elements, and Ti uptake.

The production and environmental release of surface-modified titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nTiO2) have increased. Hence, crops may be directly exposed to the nTiO2 in soil. In this study, we grew carrots in soils amended with pristine, hydrophilic and hydrophobic surface-coated nTiO2 at 100, 200, ...

Author(s) : Wang Yi; Deng ChaoYi; Cota-Ruiz, K.; Tan WenJuan; Reyes, A.; Peralta-Videa, J. R.; Hernandez-Viezcas, J. A.; Li ChunQiang; Gardea-Torresdey, J. L.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Journal of Hazardous Materials 2021 Vol.402

15. Probing the phytotoxic effects of arsenic on growth and photosynthesis of Solanum lycopersicum L.

Being ubiquitous in nature arsenic (As) plays significant role as environmental pollutant and phytotoxic element which adversely affects growth and development of plants. In the present study, the phytotoxic effects of As on the growth of tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L.) was investigated...

Author(s) : Shraddha Rai; Singh, A. K.

Publisher : Indian Botanical Society, Meerut, India

Journal article : Journal of the Indian Botanical Society 2021 Vol.101 No.1 pp.31-39 ref.30

16. Application of exogenous salicylic acid reduces Cd toxicity and Cd accumulation in rice.

Cd pollution in farmland is becoming a serious problem because it affects the safety of rice production and human health. Salicylic acid (SA) plays crucial roles in plant development and mediates plant responses to biotic and abiotic stress. This study assessed the molecular and physiological...

Author(s) : Wang FeiJuan; Tan HaiFeng; Huang LiHong; Cai Chong; Ding YanFei; Bao Hexigeduleng; Chen ZhiXiang; Zhu Cheng

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2021 Vol.207 ref.many

17. Effects of surface charge and chemical forms of manganese(II) on rice roots on manganese absorption by different rice varieties.

The roots of 4 japonica, 4 indica, and 7 hybrid rice varieties were obtained by hydroponic experiment and used to explore the relationship between charge characteristics and exchangeable manganese(II) (Mn(II)) on rice roots and Mn(II) absorption in roots and shoots of the rice. Results indicated...

Author(s) : Lu HaiLong; Nkoh, J. N.; Biswash, M. R.; Hua Hui; Dong Ge; Li JiuYu; Xu RenKou

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2021 Vol.207 ref.many

18. Interaction of different-sized ZnO nanoparticles with maize (Zea mays): accumulation, biotransformation and phytotoxicity.

This study aimed to investigate the biotransformation of ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) in maize grown in hydroponics for ecotoxicity assessment. Maize seedlings grown for 14 days were exposed to a solution of 9 nm ZnO NPs, 40 nm ZnO NPs, and ZnSO4 at a Zn concentration of 300 mg L-1 for 1, 3, and 7 days, ...

Author(s) : Lv ZhiYuan; Sun HongDa; Du Wei; Li RuoYi; Mao Hui; Kopittke, P. M.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2021 Vol.796 ref.81

19. Arsenic behavior in soil-plant system and its detoxification mechanisms in plants: a review.

Arsenic (As) is one of the most toxic and cancer-causing metals which is generally entered the food chain via intake of As contaminated water or food and harmed the life of living things especially human beings. Therefore, the reduction of As content in the food could be of great importance for...

Author(s) : Khan, I.; Awan, S. A.; Muhammad Rizwan; Shafaqat Ali; Zhang XinQuan; Huang LinKai

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Environmental Pollution 2021 Vol.286

20. Review of the toxic effect of microplastics on terrestrial and aquatic plants.

As a new pollutant, microplastics (MPs) exhibited more and more significant influence on the organisms in the environment. Especially, the effects on the growth and development of plants by MPs attracted wide attentions in recent period. In the review article, we summarized the important influences ...

Author(s) : Ge JianHua; Li Huang; Liu Peng; Zhang ZhiPing; Ouyang ZhuoZhi; Guo XueTao

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2021 Vol.791 ref.96

21. Toonamicrocarpavarin, a new tirucallane-type triterpenoid from Toona ciliata.

Toonamicrocarpavarin (1), a new tirucallane-type triterpenoid, along with eight known ones, piscidinol A (2), toonaciliatavarin E (3), toonayunnanin A (4), 7-acetyneotrichilenone (5), hispidol A (6), odoratone (7), phellochin (8), toonaciliatavarin D (9), were isolated from T. ciliata. Their...

Author(s) : Zhang Ling; Xia JianJun; Duan YanQing; Wei KeYi; Gao Rui; Li DaSan; Liu XiaoMin; Zhang TianDong; Qiu MingHua

Publisher : Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, UK

Journal article : Natural Product Research 2021 Vol.35 No.2 pp.266-271 ref.24

22. New nitrogen-containing metabolites from cultures of rice false smut pathogen Villosiclava virens.

Two new nitrogen-containing metabolites methyl N-acetyl-O-(4-acetylphenyl)-L-homoserinate (1), dimethyl (1 H-indole-3-carbonyl)-D-glutamate (2), and two new natural products, 1,2- O-isopropylidene-D-mannitol (3), N-acetyl-β-methyl-L-phenylalanine (4), along with five known compounds (5-9) were...

Author(s) : Wang Ali; Li Peng; Han PeiPei; Gu Gan; Shan TiJiang; Lai DaoWan; Zhou LiGang

Publisher : Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, UK

Journal article : Natural Product Research 2021 Vol.35 No.2 pp.272-281 ref.31

23. Combined treatment of synthetic textile effluent using mixed azo dye by phyto and phycoremediation.

Phytoremediation is one of the biological approaches for remediating textile dyeing effluents. The objective of this study is the use of Pistia stratiotes, an aquatic macrophyte, which was found to degrade the maximum of 83% of mixed azo dye. A phytoreactor was designed and constructed to scale up...

Author(s) : Bhavadhaarani, V.; Krishnaswamy, V. G.

Publisher : Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, USA

Journal article : International Journal of Phytoremediation 2021 Vol.23 No.9 pp.924-936 ref.30

24. Remediation of phenanthrene contaminated soil by ferrous oxalate and its phytotoxicity evaluation.

Phenanthrene contaminated soil was remediated by the photochemical process of ferrous oxalate. Without using H2O2 and adjusting soil pH, phenanthrene in contaminated soil was degraded effectively by the ferrous oxalate under visible light irradiation. Ferrous oxalate possesses excellent visible...

Author(s) : Luo ZhiJun; Min YangHong; Qu LingLing; Song YouYe; Hong YongXiang

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Chemosphere 2021 Vol.265

25. Chromium toxicity in Moringa oleifera lam.

This study investigated the toxic effects of different Cr concentrations (Control, 5, 25 and 50 mg/L) on hydroponically cultivated M. oleifera seedlings. At the end of the application, certain biochemical variations and changes in Cr and nutrient content (K, Zn, Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg and Mn) of the plant...

Author(s) : Pehlivan, M.

Publisher : National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India

Journal article : Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 2021 Vol.20 No.2 pp.537-543 ref.42