Search results: 129,823 results (approx.)

1. Assessing the effects of forest biomass reductions on forest health and streamflow.

Forest biomass reductions in overgrown forests have the potential to provide hydrologic benefits in the form of improved forest health and increased streamflow production in water-limited systems. Biomass reductions may also alter evaporation. These changes are generated when water that previously...

Author(s) : Bart, R. R.; Ray, R. L.; Conklin, M. H.; Safeeq, M.; Saksa, P. C.; Tague, C. L.; Bales, R. C.

Publisher : Wiley, Chichester, UK

Journal article : Hydrological Processes 2021 Vol.35 No.3

2. Physio-biochemical insights into sugarcane genotypes under water stress.

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is an economic crop cultivated in the tropical and subtropical zones. It is the world's major crop according to production quantity. Sugarcane crop faces all types of environmental constraints due to its long life cycle period. Among various stresses, water...

Author(s) : Devendra Kumar; Nisha Malik; Sengar, R. S.

Publisher : Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, UK

Journal article : Biological Rhythm Research 2021 Vol.52 No.1 pp.92-115 ref.84

3. Leaf economic strategies of a sclerophyllous plant (Eurya japonica): commonalities and particularities of trait correlation structures in low-moisture and low-phosphorus habitats.

Sclerophylly proves an advantageous strategy in a variety of stressful environments. However, it is less clear how multiple phenotypic traits in sclerophyllous plants are integrated to accomplish proper functions under specific stressors. This study measured 10 leaf traits in a sclerophyllous...

Author(s) : He Dong

Publisher : CSIRO, Collingwood, Australia

Journal article : Functional Plant Biology 2021 Vol.48 No.10 pp.1017-1028 ref.many

4. Phenotypic plasticity in floral scent in response to nutrient, but not water, availability in the perennial plant Arabis alpina.

Floral scent is an important mediator of plant-pollinator interactions. Multiple recent studies report ample intraspecific scent variation among populations and individuals. Yet, few studies have estimated effects of phenotypic plasticity on floral scent in response to differing environmental...

Author(s) : Luizzi, V. J.; Friberg, M.; Petrén, H.

Publisher : Wiley, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Functional Ecology 2021 Vol.35 No.8 pp.1655-1665 ref.70

5. Study on dynamic change of soil moisture of winter wheat under ridge covering in dry land in different rainfall years.

In order to find out the effect of soil moisture under ridge mulching in different rainfall years on winter wheat production, the dynamic change and movement of soil moisture, the water consumption, precipitation utilization efficiency, the change of soil moisture content in the whole growth period ...

Author(s) : Li JunHong; Ding ZhiQiang; Li Wu; Zhang Jie; Lv JunJie; Yao YuQing

Publisher : Jiangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanchang, China

Journal article : Acta Agriculturae Jiangxi 2021 Vol.33 No.2 pp.47-53 ref.20

6. A simple method to observe water distribution in tracheid-bearing wood of subalpine conifer.

Xylem embolism resulting from summer drought and frost drought is one of the critical stresses responsible for the dieback of stems and individuals of subalpine evergreen conifers. The occurrence of xylem embolism in conifers depends not only on the species but also on the plant microhabitats,...

Author(s) : Taneda, H.; Yazaki, K.; Hiramatsu, T.; Shimizu, B.; Sugiura, D.; Miyazawa, Y.

Publisher : Springer-Verlag GmbH, Berlin, Germany

Journal article : Trees: Structure and Function 2021 Vol.35 No.2 pp.697-707 ref.41

7. The effectiveness of different forms of nitrogen fertilizer in the early-spring fertilization of winter wheat in the conditions of unstable moisture of the Stavropol territory.

The studies on the impact of early-spring nitrogen fertilizer on the productivity and quality of winter wheat grain were conducted in the conditions of unstable moisture in the Stavropol Territory on the experimental field of the Laboratory of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of FSBSI "North Caucasus ...

Author(s) : Demidova, A. G.; Akhmedshina, D. A.

Publisher : Severo-Kavkazskiy Federal'nyy Nauchnyy Agrarnyy Tsentr, Stavropol, Russia

Journal article : Sel'skokhozyaystvennyy Zhurnal 2021 Vol.14 No.1 pp.4-13

8. Supplemental irrigation to save water while growing cactus pear in semi-arid regions.

Climate change will compromise food access by causing water shortages for agricultural purposes. Supplemental irrigation (SI) was explored for its effect on crop water use, fruit yield, water use efficiency, water productivity, mean fruit mass and fruit size distribution of four cactus pear...

Author(s) : Zegbe, J. A.; Servín-Palestina, M.

Publisher : Wiley, Chichester, UK

Journal article : Irrigation and Drainage 2021 Vol.70 No.2 pp.269-280

9. Partitioning evapotranspiration by measuring soil water evaporation with heat-pulse sensors and plant transpiration with sap flow gauges.

Understanding the contributions of soil water evaporation (E) and crop transpiration (T) to evapotranspiration (ET) is essential for irrigation management and improving crop water use efficiency. Current methods for partitioning ET are subject to uncertainties, due in part to the scale differences...

Author(s) : Wang YueYue; Horton, R.; Xue XuZhang; Ren TuSheng

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Agricultural Water Management 2021 Vol.252

10. Effect of product containing spores of Bacillus cereus strain RS87 on growth and yield of Thai rice cultivar RD49 under water stress conditions.

The objectives of this study were (1) to explore the potential of the rhizo-product Bacillus cereus strain RS87 [hereafter, "product"] in combination with different fertilizer regimes for enhancing rice tolerance to water stress while still maintaining good yield components, and (2) to examine the...

Author(s) : Jetiyanon, K.; Wangmongkon, J.; Plianbangchang, P.; Punsak, W.; Wittaya-Areekul, S.

Publisher : Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand

Journal article : Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology 2021 Vol.43 No.2 pp.344-351 ref.many

11. Drought effects on carbon allocation to resin defences and on resin dynamics in old-grown Scots pine.

Droughts and other rapid changes in abiotic environmental conditions can predispose trees to damage by pest insects and pathogens. For survival of coniferous trees, functional resin-based defences are essential, and it is important to know how they react to changes in environmental conditions at...

Author(s) : Rissanen, K.; Hölttä, T.; Bäck, J.; Rigling, A.; Wermelinger, B.; Gessler, A.

Publisher : Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Environmental and Experimental Botany 2021 Vol.185 ref.many

12. Effects of water stress and rewatering on potato growth and yield.

In 2019, a randomized block test in the canopy with the annual precipitation as control (CK) was set up to monitor the effects of different water environments on agronomic traits, SPAD value, canopy spectral reflectance, water consumption, and yield of potato. The potato seedling stage (W1S), tuber ...

Author(s) : Hu MengMeng; Zhang JiZong; Zhang LiFeng; Liu YuHua; Huang PengJian

Publisher : Northwest A&F University, Yangling, China

Journal article : Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas 2021 Vol.39 No.2 pp.95-101 ref.33

13. Cuticle permeability is an important parameter for the trade-off strategy between drought tolerance and CO2 uptake in land plants.

To protect against water loss, land plants have developed the cuticle; however, the cuticle strongly restricts CO2 uptake for photosynthesis. Controlling this trade-off relationship is an important strategy for plant survival, but the extent to which the changes in cuticle affects this relationship ...

Author(s) : Monda, K.; Mabuchi, A.; Negi, J.; Iba, K.

Publisher : Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, UK

Journal article : Plant Signaling and Behavior 2021 Vol.16 No.6 ref.20

14. Implementation of improved parameterization of terrestrial flux in WRF-VPRM improves the simulation of nighttime CO2 peaks and a daytime CO2 band ahead of a cold front.

Enhanced CO2 mole fraction bands were often observed immediately ahead of cold front during the Atmospheric Carbon and Transport (ACT)-America mission and their formation mechanism is undetermined. Improved understanding and correct simulation of these CO2 bands are needed for unbiased inverse CO2...

Author(s) : Hu XiaoMing; Gourdji, S. M.; Davis, K. J.; Wang QingYu; Zhang Yao; Xue Ming; Feng Sha; Moore, B.; Crowell, S. M. R.

Publisher : Wiley, Hoboken, USA

Journal article : Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 2021 Vol.126 No.10

15. Comprehensive evaluation of drought resistance of seventeen confectionary sunflower hybrid at seedling stage.

Studying the effect of drought stress on sunflower root morphology and biomass and identifying drought resistance sunflower are of great significance for drought resistance breeding and water\|saving cultivation of sunflower. In this study, 17 confectionary sunflower hybrids were used, the method...

Author(s) : Song DianXiu; Cui LiangJi; Wang DeXing; Liu JingAng; Sun EnYu; Yi Bing

Publisher : Northwest A&F University, Yangling, China

Journal article : Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas 2021 Vol.39 No.3 pp.18-22 ref.22

16. The effect of water deficit on photosynthesis of citrus under drip irrigation.

In order to reveal the regulation effect of drip irrigation on photosynthetic characteristics of citrus leaves, 9-year-old 'Shiranui' citrus was used as the test material. A total of 4 water deficit treatments were designed in 2 stages of citrus, flowering stage (I) and young fruit stage (II)....

Author(s) : Chen Fei; Li HongPing; Cui NingBo

Publisher : Northwest A&F University, Yangling, China

Journal article : Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas 2021 Vol.39 No.3 pp.42-50 ref.37

17. Improving inferences from hydrological isotope techniques.

Plant water isotopic compositions are widely used to describe patterns of soils water uptake. Although valuable, the technique only provides relative uptake distributions, which can be misleading. Without information on total transpiration, the technique cannot address central questions on drought...

Author(s) : Rasmussen, C. R.; Kulmatiski, A.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Trends in Plant Science 2021 Vol.26 No.3 pp.206-209

18. An ensemble machine learning approach for determination of the optimum sampling time for evapotranspiration assessment from high-throughput phenotyping data.

Efficient selection of drought-tolerant crops requires identification and high-throughput phenotyping (HTP) of the complex functional (especially canopy-conductance) traits that elicit plant responses to continually fluctuating environmental conditions. However, phenotyping of such dynamic...

Author(s) : Soumyashree Kar; Purbey, V. K.; Saurabh Suradhaniwar; Korbu, L. B.; Jana Kholová; Durbha, S. S.; Adinarayana, J.; Vincent Vadez

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 2021 Vol.182

19. Assessment for crop water stress with infrared thermal imagery in precision agriculture: a review and future prospects for deep learning applications.

With the increasing global water scarcity, efficient assessment methods for crop water stress have become a prerequisite to perform precision irrigation scheduling. The 1accessibility of infrared thermal sensor provides a powerful tool to detect and quantify crop water stress. This paper reviews...

Author(s) : Zhou Zheng; Yaqoob Majeed; Diverres Naranjo, G.; Gambacorta, E. M. T.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 2021 Vol.182

20. The genetic control of succulent leaf development.

Succulent leaves have long intrigued biologists; much research has been done to define succulence, understand the evolutionary trajectory and implications of leaf succulence, and contextualize the ecological importance of water storage for plants inhabiting dry habitats, particularly those using...

Author(s) : Heyduk, K.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Current Opinion in Plant Biology 2021 Vol.59

21. Analysis of drought frequency using clustering technique and probabilities functions.

The objective of this work was to adjust probabilities density function to drought indexes: Severity and Duration in three sub-regions of Brazilian semi-arid (BSA). For that, were used data of total monthlies precipited of 320 rain stations for period from 1984 to 2014, kindly provided by the...

Author(s) : Silva Melo, V. da; Assis Salviano Sousa, F. de

Publisher : ABES (Brazilian Association of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Journal article : Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental 2021 Vol.26 No.1 pp.53-60 ref.30

22. Tissue-specific transcriptome analysis of drought stress and rehydration in Trachycarpus fortunei at seedling.

Background Trachycarpus fortunei has broad economic benefits and excellent drought resistance; however, its drought response, adaptation, and recovery processes remain unclear. Methodology In this study, the response, tolerance, and recovery processes of T. fortunei leaves and roots under drought...

Author(s) : Feng Xiao; Yang Zhao; Wang XiuRong

Publisher : PeerJ, San Francisco, USA

Journal article : PeerJ 2021 Vol.9 No.10933 ref.many

23. Response mechanism of plants to drought stress.

With the global climate anomalies and the destruction of ecological balance, the water shortage has become a serious ecological problem facing all mankind, and drought has become a key factor restricting the development of agricultural production. Therefore, it is essential to study the drought...

Author(s) : Yang XinYi; Lu MeiQi; Wang YuFei; Wang YiRan; Liu ZhiJie; Chen Su

Publisher : MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland

Journal article : Horticulturae 2021 Vol.7 No.3 ref.255

24. Drought, nitrogen deposition and arthropod herbivory modify plant establishment dynamics after soil disturbance.

Global change projections predict more recurrent and intense drought coupled with more frequent soil disturbance events and increased levels of N deposition related to intensive land-use. How these abiotic drivers interact with each other and with biotic drivers in determining plant community...

Author(s) : Geppert, C.; Contri, C.; Boni, L. de; Corcos, D.; Marini, L.

Publisher : Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK

Journal article : Science of the Total Environment 2021 Vol.796 ref.52

25. RT-PCR amplification and in-silico analysis of water stress-responsive hydrophilic TaDreb, TaDHN and TaWCS20 genes from Triticum aestivum.

The biochemical features that govern multi-functions of boiling soluble proteins are still not well documented. In this study, we have isolated and sequenced a water stress responsive cDNA encoding boiling soluble proteins designated as TaDreb, TaDHN and TaWCS20. (TaDREB: Triticum aestivum...

Author(s) : Sharma, A. D.; Gurmeen Rakhra; Dhiraj Vyas

Publisher : Allerton Press, Inc., New York, USA

Journal article : Russian Agricultural Sciences 2021 Vol.47 No.3 pp.218-232 ref.15