Search results: 10,536 results (approx.)

1. Conceptualizing the human use of wild edible herbs for conservation in South African communal areas.

The importance of wild edible herbaceous species to resource poor households in most rural economies within savannas has been little studied. This is because most of the herbs grow in impoverished species communities and lands, often referred to as 'marginal lands'. The aim of this paper is to...

Author(s) : Dovie, D. B. K.; Shackleton, C. M.; Witkowski, E. T. F.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Environmental Management 2007 Vol.84 No.2 pp.146-156 ref.many

2. Policy and practice in Myanmar's protected area system.

Myanmar's protected area (PA) system began nearly 150 years ago under royal patronage. Park policies and practices, embodied in 19 pieces of legislation developed sporadically during and after the colonial period. As a result of the FAO-UNDP's Nature Conservation and National Parks Project...

Author(s) : Aung, U. M.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Environmental Management 2007 Vol.84 No.2 pp.188-203 ref.49

3. Design principles and common pool resource management: an institutional approach to evaluating community management in semi-arid Tanzania.

This paper analyses the role of institutions in the management of common pool resources (CPRs) in semi-arid Tanzania. Common property regimes have often been considered inadequate for the management of CPRs because of the problems of excludability, but they are becoming more widely supported as the ...

Author(s) : Quinn, C. H.; Huby, M.; Kiwasila, H.; Lovett, J. C.

Publisher : Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Journal article : Journal of Environmental Management 2007 Vol.84 No.1 pp.100-113 ref.many

4. The use of pricing and markets for water allocation.

This paper will argue that increased demand for water resources and higher cost of development of new water resources require a transition toward water systems that enhance conservation by adoption of efficient irrigation and application technologies, improving water delivery systems, and improving ...

Author(s) : Zilberman, D.; Schoengold, K.

Publisher : Canadian Water Resources Association, Ontario, Canada

Journal article : Canadian Water Resources Journal 2005 Vol.30 No.1 pp.47-54

8. A case study for irrigation modernisation I. Characterisation of the district and analysis of water delivery records.

The present work highlights the principal irrigation management problems of the irrigation district of Almudévar, a representative surface irrigation district in northeast Spain. The predominant irrigation system is blocked-end borders. The study included three phases: (1) assessment of crop water...

Author(s) : Faci, J. M.; Bensaci, A.; Slatni, A.; Playán, E.

Journal article : Agricultural Water Management 2000 Vol.42 No.3 pp.313-334 ref.21

9. A case study for irrigation modernisation: II Scenario analysis.

Surface irrigation evaluations were performed in the Almudévar irrigation district, Spain, to obtain the parameters required for surface irrigation modelling. The total district irrigated area was divided into 92 design units, for which a characteristic blocked-end border was defined. Simulation...

Author(s) : Playán, E.; Slatni, A.; Castillo, R.; Faci, J. M.

Journal article : Agricultural Water Management 2000 Vol.42 No.3 pp.335-354 ref.14

10. A cost recovery model for tertiary canal improvement projects, with an example from Egypt.

A bid-rent model in which farm-level costs and returns are viewed as a function of irrigation success is used to describe the appropriate roles of public agencies in supporting or financing tertiary canal improvement projects and to evaluate cost recovery programs. An empirical version of the model ...

Author(s) : Wichelns, D.

Journal article : Agricultural Water Management 2000 Vol.43 No.1 pp.29-50 ref.47

11. Resource use in aquaculture and inland fisheries.

A summary report of the European Inland Fishery Advisory Commission symposium on water for sustainable inland fisheries and aquaculture is presented. Sections cover: assessment of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of water resources; water requirements of inland aquaculture systems;...

Journal article : FAO Aquaculture Newsletter 1998 No.No. 20 pp.11-14

13. For a better protection of water resource quality.

Ways of improving protection of water quality from pollution are explored focusing on measures to preserve water quality and technical measures to limit degradation.

Foreign Title :Pour une meilleure protection de la qualité des ressources en eau.

Author(s) : Kaabi, N.

Journal article : Medit 1998 Vol.9 No.2 pp.45-47 ref.4

14. Ecosystem management for sustainable marine fisheries.

Papers presented are associated with an international meeting on the state of fisheries, held in USA, 1996. A number of topics are covered including: basic nature of marine ecosystems and how they have been influenced by changes in the environment and by fishing practices; and management options...

Conference proceedings : Ecological Applications 1998 Vol.8 No.1 (Supplement) pp.174 pp.

15. Protection of water resources for future generations.

This paper discusses the need for proper water management in view of the world's decreasing water resources and increasing water demand. Topics discussed include pollution control, management of industrial and sewage effluents, recycling of waste waters, and international cooperation in the fields...

Author(s) : Abu-Zeid, M. A.

Journal article : Medit 1998 Vol.9 No.2 pp.26-30

16. Targeting irrigation support to poor women and men.

Gendered poverty alleviation is an important aim of many governmental and non-governmental irrigation agencies. This paper argues that the contribution of irrigation agencies to poverty alleviation is optimal if agencies target their support, and vest rights to newly developed irrigated land and...

Author(s) : Koppen, B. van

Journal article : International Journal of Water Resources Development 1999 Vol.15 No.1/2 pp.121-140 ref.4 pp. of

17. An assessment of the impact of participatory irrigation management in Sri Lanka.

The results of a study on the effects of participatory irrigation management in Sri Lanka are presented. The study is based on the application of a methodology developed by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) to assess the impact of irrigation management transfer on the performance...

Author(s) : Samad, M.; Vermillion, D.

Journal article : International Journal of Water Resources Development 1999 Vol.15 No.1/2 pp.219-240 ref.16

19. Improving the ability of a water market to efficiently manage drought.

Some water markets maintain institutional elements that provide allocative advantages to specified water users. In the Lower Rio Grande Valley, Texas, USA, water rights are designated as either municipal or agricultural (irrigation), with certain prioritization advantages afforded to municipal...

Author(s) : Characklis, G. W.; Griffin, R. C.; Bedient, P. B.

Journal article : Water Resources Research 1999 Vol.35 No.3 pp.823-831 ref.24

20. Issues in defining property rights to improve Australian water markets.

This article discusses the key practical issues associated with defining property rights to water use, in the context of broadening the scope of the market for transferable water entitlements in Australia. In particular, the third party impacts of water trade and the need for improved water trading ...

Author(s) : Brennan, D.; Scoccimarro, M.

Journal article : Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 1999 Vol.43 No.1 pp.69-89 ref.48

21. A comparative analysis of water price support versus drought compensation scheme.

This paper examines the preferred governmental intervention towards crop growing methods in semi-arid regions. These regions are characterized by an average amount of rain which is sufficient to grow the crop but it is also very risky. The farmers' attitude towards risk motivates the government to...

Author(s) : Becker, N.

Journal article : Agricultural Economics 1999 Vol.21 No.1 pp.81-92 ref.19

22. Colonial and contemporary ideologies of 'community management': the case of tank irrigation development in South India.

The paper demonstrates how development institutions construct rural society in terms of organizational imperatives, and, also, how these 'constructions' come to be underpinned by social theory. The focus is on irrigation in south India and colonial and contemporary state policy initiatives to...

Author(s) : Mosse, D.

Journal article : Modern Asian Studies 1999 Vol.33 No.2 pp.303-338 ref.5 pp. of

23. Formal and informal markets for water: institutions, performance, and constraints.

This paper proposes that countries facing water shortages should consider water marketing as a way to reallocate water resources. It reviews the conditions necessary to establish successful water markets, discusses the gains from water markets and organizational constraints, identifies potential...

Author(s) : Easter, K. W.; Rosegrant, M. W.; Dinar, A.

Journal article : World Bank Research Observer 1999 Vol.14 No.1 pp.99-116 ref.34

24. Estimating irrigation water value using hedonic price analysis: a case study in Malheur County, Oregon.

Hedonic price analysis is applied to agricultural land sales in Treasure Valley, Malheur County, 1991-95, to reveal the implicit market price of water in irrigation. This provides price information, where otherwise absent, which can facilitate reallocation of water supplies to meet growing demands. ...

Author(s) : Faux, J.; Perry, G. M.

Journal article : Land Economics 1999 Vol.75 No.3 pp.440-452 ref.14

25. Institutional frameworks in successful water markets. Brazil, Spain, and Colorado, USA.

This publication explores institutional frameworks in three case studies (in Brazil, Spain and Colorado, USA) of long standing and successful water markets. The cases demonstrate the common features and essential elements of water markets, as well as how to design markets taking into account the...

Miscellaneous : World Bank Technical Paper 1999 No.No. 427 pp.x + 43 pp. ref.25